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Matthew D. Bird and Brandonn S. Harris

consultants provide performance enhancement services to their clients, which may include mental skills training that incorporates goal setting, imagery, and relaxation interventions. Contingent on their type of training, a sport psychology practitioner may also work within clinical settings targeting

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Rachel W. Thompson, Keith A. Kaufman, Lilian A. De Petrillo, Carol R. Glass, and Diane B. Arnkoff

The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the long-term effects of mindful sport performance enhancement (MSPE), a program designed to improve athletic performance and psychological aspects of sport. One-year follow-up assessments were conducted on archers, golfers, and long-distance runners (N = 25) who attended Kaufman, Glass, and Arnkoff’s (2009) and De Petrillo, Kaufman, Glass, and Arnkoff’s (2009) MSPE workshops. Across the athlete groups, participants reported significant increases in the ability to act with awareness (an aspect of trait mindfulness) and overall trait mindfulness from pretest to follow-up, along with significant decreases in task-related worries and task-irrelevant thoughts (both aspects of cognitive interference during sport). The long-distance runners exhibited significant improvement in their mile times from pretest to follow-up, with significant correlations between change in runners’ performance and trait variables. Results suggest that MSPE is a promising intervention associated with long-term changes in trait variables that may contribute to optimal athletic performance.

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Chris G. Harwood and Sam N. Thrower

improved athlete performance or performance consistency ( Wrisberg, Loberg, Simpson, Withycombe, & Reed, 2010 ). However, despite a growing number of intervention studies evaluating performance-enhancement-based interventions in youth sport, there is an absence of reviews providing clear recommendations

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Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas, and Keith A. Kaufman

acceptance of unpleasant internal states ( Gardner & Moore, 2004 , 2007 ; Kaufman, Glass, & Arnkoff, 2009 ), which is a central tenet of mindfulness-based interventions. Mindfulness skills appear especially well-matched to sport performance enhancement. As Gordhamer ( 2014 ) contended, “The benefits of

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Tyler Makepeace, Bradley W. Young, and Scott Rathwell

of the field showed continued bias in mental skills being applied toward performance enhancement, or a continued “traditional” performance-oriented discourse. Weinberg and Gould ( 2015 ) delineated five strategic themes in which psychological skills training is traditionally applied, commonly for

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Cleonir Caldeira Jr, Adriano E. Lima-Silva, Valmor Tricoli, Cintia L.N. Rodacki, and Anderson C. Paulo

focus on improving sports performance. In particular protocols that are not directed to just one specific sport but that can be used for different modalities. Postactivation performance enhancement (PAPE) is a phenomenon that can acutely enhance performance. 3 Apparently, neural factors such as greater

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Patsy Tremayne and Debra A. Ballinger

Ballroom dance has resurfaced worldwide as a highly popular competitive sport and might be added to Olympic medal competition for the 2012 London Games. This resurgence presents opportunities for sport psychologists to provide psychological-skills and performance-enhancement training for ballroom dancers at all competitive levels. Few sport psychologists have the personal experience, expertise, or an adequate knowledge base about the competitive-ballroom-dance environment to provide meaningful intervention strategies for participants. This article was developed to provide initial guidance for sport psychology professionals interested in working in this environment. An overview of the competitive-dance and ballroom-dance environment, strategies used by dance couples for enhanced mental preparation before and during dance competitions, and excerpts from an interview with an Australian championship-level couple provide readers insight into performance-enhancement strategies for DanceSport.

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Richard B. Kreider

-support, communications, and marketing personnel provide team support ( Smith & Smolianov, 2016 ). In high-level sport, success is often determined by how effective the performance-enhancement team is in applying the latest sport science and psychology to help athletes achieve peak performance so they can effectively

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Tammy Sheehy, Sam Zizzi, Kristen Dieffenbach, and Lee-Ann Sharp

emotions) that positively affected their coaching performance and interactions with athletes. This literature is a promising area highlighting the ways that sport psychology techniques and skills may be useful for elite coaches’ performance enhancement. However, a greater depth of literature is needed to

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Jason Kostrna and Aaron D’Addario

-based trainings to the cognitive foundation of mental skills training ( Baltzell & Summers, 2017 ). To support this trend, researchers have developed accessible and adaptable sport performance mindfulness training protocols, such as the mindful sport performance enhancement (MSPE; Kaufman et al., 2018 ). The