Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 119 items for :

  • "performance tasks" x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All
Restricted access

Rafael A.B. Tedesqui and Terry Orlick

The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the attentional focus experienced by elite soccer players in different soccer positions and performance tasks of both closed and open skills. No previous studies have explored elite soccer players’ attentional skills from a naturalistic and qualitative perspective in such detail. Data collection consisted of individual semistructured interviews with eight highly elite Brazilian soccer players from five main soccer positions, namely goalkeeper, defender, wing, midfielder, and forward. Important themes were positive thinking, performing on autopilot, and relying on peripheral vision. For example, thematic analysis indicated that in tasks where there may be an advantage in disguising one’s intentions (e.g., penalty kick), relying on peripheral vision was essential. Early mistakes were among the main sources of distractions; thus, players reported beginning with easy plays as a strategy to prevent distractions. Implications for applied sport psychology were drawn and future studies recommended.

Restricted access

Recep Gorgulu, Andrew Cooke, and Tim Woodman

relationship, where the performance task is reactive in nature. We designed the experiments in this article to be the first to examine Wegner’s theory of ironic processes of mental control as an explanation for anxiety-induced counterintentional errors during the reactive motor performance. Ironic Processes of

Restricted access

Bryan L. Riemann, Nancy A. Caggiano, and Scott M. Lephart

Postural control and functional performance tests are often used separately during orthopedic postinjury assessments. The purpose of this investigation was to examine a clinical method of assessing postural control during a functional performance task. Thirty participants were divided into two groups. The first group was tested three times, the second group only once. The same tester evaluated each participant's performance during all testing sessions, and during the first two testing sessions (Group 1) two additional testers evaluated each performance. Intraclass correlational coefficients between the three testers ranged from .70 to .92. Session 1 (Group 1) scores were pooled with Group 2 scores, and correlational analyses were conducted between participant height and performance; no significant relationships were revealed. The scores from Group 1 were analyzed using between-days repeated-measures ANOVAs. Results revealed significant improvement between Sessions 1 and 3 for the static portion of the test. The results suggest that the multiple single-leg hop-stabilization test offers a method of assessing postural control during a functional performance task.

Restricted access

Stephen Harvey, Chris Rissel, and Mirjam Pijnappels

. Discussion This cross-sectional study explored whether the differences between the bicycling behaviors of people aged 65 years and older were associated with differences in fall-related physical performance tasks and confidence in maintaining balance. We found that indeed people who were still bicycling

Restricted access

Kajetan J. Słomka, Slobodan Jaric, Grzegorz Sobota, Ryszard Litkowycz, Tomasz Skowronek, Marian Rzepko, and Grzegorz Juras

-called verbal encouragement that is routinely applied while conducting various maximum performance tasks directly reflects a plausible assumption that instructing participants to use their maximum effort does not necessarily result in their maximum level being achieved. In general, reduced effort may be a

Restricted access

Jeffrey D. Simpson, Ludmila Cosio-Lima, Eric M. Scudamore, Eric K. O’Neal, Ethan M. Stewart, Brandon L. Miller, Harish Chander, and Adam C. Knight

cohorts. However, few studies have evaluated the potential changes in these performance tasks following a WVDT protocol in trained females, who could respond differently due to gender differences in muscle fiber type composition and recruitment strategies, twitch contraction times, fatigue resistance, and

Open access

Louise M. Burke and Peter Peeling

performance task to assist in interpreting the results. Use a performance protocol that mimics real-life sport as far as possible, including tasks that are part of an athlete’s normal performance monitoring. Further enhance validity by using trial conditions that mimic real life or recommended strategies

Restricted access

Alannah K.A. McKay, Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S.R. Goods, Marc Sim, Rebecca Cross, and Jason Siegler

performed. 4 , 5 However, some contradictory performance outcomes are also reported, likely due to variations in supplementation protocols (eg, disparities in dose, timing, and ingestion methods) or interindividual responses to the supplement and the ensuing performance task. 4 , 6 , 7 Nevertheless

Open access

Thomas M. Newman, Giampietro L. Vairo, and William E. Buckley

functional performance tasks (see the “Appendices” section) while wearing ankle braces. In general, bracing does not appear to cause statistically significant impairments to performance on most functional tasks; however, decrements were noted to yield increases in agility run time and decreases in vertical

Restricted access

Revay O. Corbett, Tyler R. Keith, and Jay Hertel

utility, it is important to consider its relationship to already established tools used to aid in the RTP decisions-making process. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between established PROs and perceived confidence when performing functional performance tasks in high