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Trent Stellingwerff, James P. Morton and Louise M. Burke

The concept and underpinnings of periodization are deeply rooted in the history of athletics (track and field). Indeed, the seminal scientists and coaches who developed the principles of periodization include Dr. Hans Selye with his General Adaptation Syndrome model ( Selye, 1950 ), followed by

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Davide Ferioli, Andrea Bosio, Johann C. Bilsborough, Antonio La Torre, Michele Tornaghi and Ermanno Rampinini

general and specific preparation periods at the beginning of the season are considered crucial phases in preparing athletes for competition. In this period, athletes begin training after a period of complete or near-to-complete rest. The initial phase (general preparation) should provide a gradual

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Bent R. Rønnestad and Joar Hansen

pioneers fronting block periodization (BP), and he states that unlike the traditional “mixed” training-periodization concept, BP advocates a high concentration of 1 or a few training modalities within appropriate training cycles for a more pronounced training stimulus. 2 Furthermore, Issurin states that

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Iñigo Mujika, Luis Villanueva, Marijke Welvaert and David B. Pyne

his/her coach. A well-planned and effective periodized approach to training should be established for swimmers to achieve fitness and performance peaks at the right time. 1 , 2 A widely held notion in international swimming is that a swimmer should improve his/her performance time from qualification

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Kevin M. Carroll, Jake R. Bernards, Caleb D. Bazyler, Christopher B. Taber, Charles A. Stuart, Brad H. DeWeese, Kimitake Sato and Michael H. Stone

 + medicine-ball chest pass Abbreviations: BB, barbell; CG, clean group; CM, countermovement; DB, dumbbell; MTP, midthigh pull; SA, single arm; SG, snatch grip; SLDL, stiff-legged deadlift. Both groups followed a block-periodized program consisting of 3 main phases: strength endurance, maximum strength, and

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Iñigo Mujika, Shona Halson, Louise M. Burke, Gloria Balagué and Damian Farrow

application of principles and methods such as dose and response, interval training, circuit training, and the periodization of training. 1 However, periodization—simply understood as the systematic planning of long- and short-term training programs—has traditionally focused on the exercise aspect of athletic

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Alejandro Javaloyes, Jose Manuel Sarabia, Robert Patrick Lamberts and Manuel Moya-Ramon

/racing load and taking sufficient recovery time a challenge. Large gains in training status are generally achieved by prescribing high training loads followed by a minimal, but sufficient, recovery period. 5 Maintaining this balance is challenging as multiple factors such as training intensity, quality of

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Daniele Conte, Nicholas Kolb, Aaron T. Scanlan and Fabrizio Santolamazza

basketball team competing in the Metro Atlantic Athletic Conference. Three players who did not participate in all training sessions during the study period were excluded from the analysis. The 10 analyzed players were equally divided into starting and bench players, averaging 30.7 (8.5) minutes and 2.3 (4

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Simon Gavanda, Stephan Geisler, Oliver Jan Quittmann and Thorsten Schiffer

divide the training year into sequential phases in order to improve specific strength-related goals by manipulating training variables (intensity, volume, frequency, and rest) while minimizing the risk for overtraining. 13 This approach is one central aspect of periodization. Regarding maximal strength

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Bruno Marrier, Yann Le Meur, Cédric Leduc, Julien Piscione, Mathieu Lacome, Germain Igarza, Christophe Hausswirth, Jean-Benoît Morin and Julien Robineau

over a 2- to 3-day period. The back-to-back tournaments are usually interspersed by an approximately 4- to 7-week period dedicated to rest and training. Unlike other team sports, such as soccer, basketball, or rugby union, in which matches are programmed consecutively over several months, 3 the