The mediating effect of peripheral narrowing in the negative life event stress (N-LES)/athletic injury relationship was investigated. LES and other psychosocial variables were measured, and peripheral vision was assessed in nonstressful (practice day) and stressful (game day) sport situations. Results showed that total LES, N-LES, and psychological coping skills significantly contributed to the prediction of the occurrence of athletic injury. Additionally, psychological coping skills buffered the N-LES/athletic injury relationship. Peripheral narrowing during stress significantly mediated 8.1% of the N-LES/athletic injury relationship. The findings support the predictions of the model of stress and injury, provide evidence for peripheral narrowing as a mechanism in the LES/athletic injury relationship, and suggest directions for future research examining mediating effects in the model of stress and injury.
Tracie J. Rogers and Daniel M. Landers
Thomas Hausegger, Christian Vater and Ernst-Joachim Hossner
players in the periphery. This finding demonstrates that, in the highly dynamic context of interactive sports, visual information pickup is not only about focusing on a relevant object with foveal vision but also about optimally utilizing peripheral vision. The advantage of peripheral vision is that it
Greg Wood, Samuel J. Vine, Johnny Parr and Mark R. Wilson
vision; Vickers, 2007 ), deceptive aiming actions are likely to rely on covert attentional processes (via peripheral vision) to extract target-related information necessary to parameterize the shot and ensure accuracy. Interestingly, covert attentional processes have also been shown to increase QE
Andrew R. Middlebrooke, Gail Stephenson and Viswanath B. Unnithan
Nine first team (age, 11.7 ± 0.32 years) and nine reserve team (age, 11.8 ± 0.32 years) soccer players completed a discontinuous incremental exercise test to exhaustion on a treadmill. Each submaximal stage lasted 3 min. Irnrnediately after each stage, contrast sensitivity and peripheral vision were assessed. No significant differences were found between the groups for VO2peak. Reserve team players had significantly lower (p < .05) submaximal values of %VO2peak and ΔHR (pre-exercise heart rate) at the same running speed comparedto first team players. Significant relationships (p < .05) were noted between outer peripheral vision and respiratory exchange ratio following maximal exercise (r = 0.55) and between respiratory rate and outer peripheral vision following the first (8.0 krn · h−1) exercise stage, r = −0.49. However, it was difficult to reconcile physiological significance to these relationships, which would only account for 24 to 29% of the shown variance.
Rafael A.B. Tedesqui and Terry Orlick
The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore the attentional focus experienced by elite soccer players in different soccer positions and performance tasks of both closed and open skills. No previous studies have explored elite soccer players’ attentional skills from a naturalistic and qualitative perspective in such detail. Data collection consisted of individual semistructured interviews with eight highly elite Brazilian soccer players from five main soccer positions, namely goalkeeper, defender, wing, midfielder, and forward. Important themes were positive thinking, performing on autopilot, and relying on peripheral vision. For example, thematic analysis indicated that in tasks where there may be an advantage in disguising one’s intentions (e.g., penalty kick), relying on peripheral vision was essential. Early mistakes were among the main sources of distractions; thus, players reported beginning with easy plays as a strategy to prevent distractions. Implications for applied sport psychology were drawn and future studies recommended.
Christopher P. Tomczyk, George Shaver and Tamerah N. Hunt
-aged athletes both before and after a sport performance and found that high precompetition trait anxiety lead to slower reaction times, while high precompetition state anxiety led to faster reaction times. • Williams and Andersen 7 examined central and peripheral vision and reaction time both at baseline and
Nathan Millikan, Dustin R. Grooms, Brett Hoffman and Janet E. Simon
stood on 1 leg, and looked directly in front of them. Two stimuli FitLights, 1 each side, were placed 60 cm away from the center line and on the edge of the participant’s peripheral vision at a maximum angle of 200° to 220° horizontally. 33 , 34 This was done by manually moving the FitLight as far into
Aaron Manzanares, Ruperto Menayo and Francisco Segado
close to other highly informative locations ( Vila-Maldonado, García, & Contreras, 2012 ). This behavior could indicate that athletes use peripheral vision in complex environments, developing very efficient peripheral vision ( Williams & Davids, 1998 ). In our specific situation, the sailors could be
Shanelle Sorbello, Vu Quang Do, Anna Palagyi and Lisa Keay
; Klein et al., 2003 ; Salive et al., 1994 ; West et al., 2002 ) and indicates that it is more reliant on peripheral vision through identification of hazards in the environment ( West et al., 2002 ). As we were unable to use visual field data in this study, a correlation of this kind could not be
Kelsey Picha, Carolina Quintana, Amanda Glueck, Matt Hoch, Nicholas R. Heebner and John P. Abt
Participants were instructed to focus their gaze on the T-scope in the center throughout testing and to rely on their peripheral vision. Following setup, participants completed three 60-second familiarization trials, 9 using the Speed protocol described in Table 1 . Table 1 Novel Protocol Descriptions