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Daniel Balderson and Tom Sharpe

This study examined the effects of personal accountability and personal responsibility instructional treatments on elementary-age, urban, at-risk physical education students. A multiple treatment ABAD, ACAD, ADA, control behavior analysis design was implemented across four distinct matched class settings to determine the separate and combined treatment effects of each instructional treatment on the number of occurrences and percentage of class time for the following: teacher management, student leadership, passive and disruptive student off-task, positive social behavior, and student conflict and conflict resolution behaviors. Study participants included fourth- and fifth-grade students from four elementary classes in an inner-city charter-school setting. Results indicated that both personal accountability and personal responsibility treatments were effective in the primary treatment setting for changing all managerial, off-task, and positive social measures in desirable directions. Recommendations include analysis of the potential long-range and generalized effects of social-skill instruction for underserved children and youth conducted in the context of physical education classes.

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Juan Andrés Merino-Barrero, Alfonso Valero-Valenzuela, Noelia Belando Pedreño and Javier Fernandez-Río

. , & Sharpe , T. ( 2005 ). The effects of personal accountability and personal responsibility instruction on select off-task and positive social behaviors . Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 24 ( 1 ), 66 – 87 . doi: 10.1123/jtpe.24.1.66 Belando , N. , Férriz-Morel , R. , Rivas , S

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Michael A. Odio, Patty Raube Keller and Dana Drew Shaw

offender his or her job (and professional reputation). Personal accountability plays an important role in preventing harassment. Juries consider whether the alleged harasser should have known his or her conduct would be offensive to a reasonable person and/or whether the alleged victim was actually

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Ang Chen, Bo Shen and Xihe Zhu

research lab with clear personal accountability. Data collectors were trained to write research methodology memos to record unusual events in schools that might affect data quality. Data-sharing policies were established in the lab so that graduate students would work on separate topics with little or no