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A Hierarchical Approach for Predicting Sport Consumption Behavior: A Personality and Needs Perspective

Yong Jae Ko, Yonghwan Chang, Wonseok Jang, Michael Sagas, and John Otto Spengler

of the diverse sport markets in today’s economy, the need for systematic research on sport consumption decision making is evident. Over several decades, scholars have suggested that examining fundamental psychological constructs such as personality traits is an effective way to understand and predict

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Personality and Mood in Women’s Paralympic Basketball Champions

Jeffrey J. Martin, Laurie A. Malone, and James C. Hilyer

Research on elite female athletes with disabilities is extremely rare. Therefore, using the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (Cattell, Cattell, & Cattell, 1993) and Profile of Mood States (Droppleman, Lorr, & McNair, 1992), we examined differences between the top 12 athletes comprising the gold medal winning 2004 USA women’s Paralympic basketball team and 13 athletes attending the selection camp who did not make the team. Multivariate analysis of variance with follow-up tests revealed that athletes who made the Paralympic team scored higher on tough-mindedness (M = 5.7 vs. 4.3) and lower in anxiety (M = 5.6 vs. 7.8). For mood state, the Paralympians scored higher in vigor (M = 19.5 vs. 14.8) and lower in depressed mood (M = 3.9 vs. 6.7) and confusion (M = 5.5 vs. 7.5). The effect sizes were large (e.g., Cohen’s d = 0.91 - 1.69) for all five results.

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The Relationship of Personality Characteristics, Life Stress, and Coping Resources to Athletic Injury

Sarah J. Hanson, Penny McCullagh, and Phyllis Tonymon

In 1988, Andersen and Williams proposed a model to explain the stress-injury relationship. The present study tested portions of this framework by investigating frequency and severity of injury occurrence in track and field athletes from four NCAA Division I and II universities. Personality characteristics (locus of control and sport competition trait anxiety), history of stressors (life stress, daily hassles, and past injury), and moderating variables (coping resources and social support) were assessed before the season began. Discriminant analyses indicated that four variables (coping resources, negative life stress, social support, and competitive anxiety) differentiated the severity groups. For injury frequency, coping resources and positive life stress differentiated the groups.

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The Relationship Among Personality, Cognitive Anxiety, Somatic Anxiety, Physiological Arousal, and Performance in Male Athletes

Kamuran Yerlikaya Balyan, Serdar Tok, Arkun Tatar, Erdal Binboga, and Melih Balyan

The present study examined the association between personality, competitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and physiological arousal in athletes with high and low anxiety levels. Anxiety was manipulated by means of an incentive. Fifty male participants, first, completed the Five Factor Personality Inventory and their resting electro dermal activity (EDA) was recorded. In the second stage, participants were randomly assigned to high or low anxiety groups. Individual EDAs were recorded again to determine precompetition physiological arousal. Participants also completed the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) and played a computer-simulated soccer match. Results showed that neuroticism was related to both CSAI-2 components and physiological arousal only in the group receiving the incentive. Winners had higher levels of cognitive anxiety and lower levels of physiological arousal than losers. On the basis of these findings, we concluded that an athlete’s neurotic personality may influence his cognitive and physiological responses in a competition.

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An Exploratory Investigation of Personality in Counter-Strike: Global Offensive

Phil D.J. Birch, Lottie Greenlees, and Benjamin T. Sharpe

). Personality is argued to underpin how an individual approaches a given situation and how they respond to specific stimuli present in the environment ( Carver & Scheier, 2009 ). Although we concede that personality should not be used in isolation to inform player evaluations, we believe examining personality

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Personality and Attitudinal Predictors of Sportspersonship in Recreational Sport

Tanya Fozzard and Dara Mojtahedi

strategies for reducing sporting transgressions. Thus, the present study examined personality predictors of Sportspersonship within Ultimate Frisbee (UF)—a self-governed recreational sport that relies on good Sportspersonship for the maintenance of fairness. Ultimate Frisbee UF is a noncontact team sport

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Applying Holland’s Vocational Choice Theory in Sport Management

David Pierce and James Johnson

environment profiles that are used to match an individual’s score on a personality profile to best-fit occupations, sport management is not identified in Holland-related publications because it is not a specific occupation. The broad nature of sport management, with its varied occupational disciplines

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Relations Between Trait Personality, Goal Orientation, and Adaptive Outcomes in High School Physical Education

Ken R. Lodewyk

There has been considerable development in the valid quantitative assessment of trait personality dimensions such as honesty-humility, emotionality, extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and openness to experience (HEXACO; Ashton & Lee, 2007 ). Various combinations of these personality

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Examining Television Consumers of Mixed Martial Arts: The Relationship Among Risk Taking, Emotion, Attitude, and Actual Sport-Media-Consumption Behavior

Choong Hoon Lim, Tywan G. Martin, and Dae Hee Kwak

The current study employs the hedonic paradigm model (Hirschman & Holbrook, 1982) to investigate the interceding function of emotions on the relationship between personality (i.e., risk taking) and attitude toward mixed martial arts. This study also examines sport-media (e.g., television) consumption of a nontraditional sport. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the proposed model incorporating risk taking, pleasure, arousal, attitude, and actual consumption behavior. The study found a significant mediation effect of emotion (pleasure and arousal) in the relationship between risk taking and attitude. In addition, attitude showed a direct and significant influence on actual media-consumption behavior. Theoretical and practical implications of the results are discussed, along with future directions for research.

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An Insight Into the Use of Personality Assessment by U.K. Sport Psychology Consultants

Stephen Rowles and Tim Holder

Personality has been a feature of sport psychology since the 1920s ( Griffith, 1926 ). Interest intensified in the 1960s and 1970s as researchers sought to use personality traits to predict individual athletic performance ( Fisher, 1984 ). These efforts collectively yielded results of such