This study explored the philanthropic landscape of professional athletes and their charitable foundations. This research also investigated factors influencing the formation of philanthropic foundations among this group of individuals. First, data were collected to identify athletes in four professional North American sport leagues who had formed charitable foundations. Then, 36 interviews were conducted with athletes, foundation directors, league and team executives and a sport agent to explore the motives and beliefs about philanthropy in professional sport. Using the theory of planned behavior, this paper identified the factors considered in the formation of charitable foundations in this unique group, primarily focusing on attitudes (altruistic and self-interested), perceived behavioral control, subjective norms, self-identity and moral obligation as antecedents to athlete philanthropic activity. The paper also discusses the unique context in which these individuals operate, some of the particular constraints they face, and identifies opportunities for athlete foundations and their partners.
Kathy Babiak, Brian Mills, Scott Tainsky and Matthew Juravich
Stefan Walzel, Jonathan Robertson and Christos Anagnostopoulos
focused on one or more of the following areas: • Social responsibility within the organizational context of a PTSO. • These could include but were not limited to: ○ charitable foundations ○ community development ○ environmental initiatives ○ team-owned facilities ○ philanthropy Stakeholder
M. Elizabeth Vemer
This article is a review of literature pertaining to women’s philanthropy. The purpose is to provide a basis for research related to reasons women donate to athletics and sports. An analysis of women donors as portrayed in the non-profit and political sector philanthropic literature is provided. Inferences for sport fundraising are explored in terms of private donor giving to intercollegiate athletics, especially that which may enhance women’s sporting opportunities. Emphasis is placed on the role of women as financial donors and philanthropists during the 1990s. Projections are made relative to the potential for and nature of female philanthropy in the future.
Cheri Bradish and J. Joseph Cronin
Over the past decade, there has been a groundswell of support within the sport industry to be “good sports”, as evidenced by a growing number of, and commitment to, “giving” initiatives and “charitable” programs. Consider the following examples:
• In 1998, the “Sports Philanthropy Project” was founded, devoted to “harnessing the power of professional sports to support the development of healthy communities.” (Sports Philanthropy Project, 2009) To date, this organization has supported and sustained over 400 philanthropic-related organizations associated with athlete charities, league initiatives, and team foundations in the United States and Canada.
• In 2003, “Right To Play” (formerly Olympic Aid) the international humanitarian organization was established, which has used sport to bring about change in over 40 of the world's most disadvantaged communities. Of note is their vision to “engage leaders on all sides of sport, business and media, to ensure every child's right to play” (www.righttoplay.com).
• In 2005, the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) became one of the first sport organizations to create an internal corporate social responsibility unit, and soon thereafter committed a significant percentage of their revenues to related corporate social responsibility programs (FIFA, 2005).
Kathryn E. Shea
enforcing copyright law. He suggests expanding the parameters of fair use for creative purposes, establishing a “creative commons” or developing a “philanthropy fund for journalism” as potential policy solutions. He argues against enforcement of harsh sanctions on individuals. Instead, he supports targeting
Velina B. Brackebusch
planning and focus on community relations and philanthropy as a result of this experience. In conclusion, the in-class reflexive components provide an avenue for students to share their experiences as many are completing their CE with different partners. They are transformative in nature and provide an
Rebecca Reynolds, Santhya and David Menzies
participate in alliance activities, provide advice, and assist where possible. Funding Members suggested the following avenues for ongoing funding of the NPAA: primary health networks, 14 philanthropy, corporate funding by health insurers, sporting goods manufacturers, and Telstra Health. 15 Many members
Barry Braun, Nancy I. Williams, Carol Ewing Garber and Matthew Hickey
allows for a multipronged mission that includes external affairs, events and programming, community service, philanthropy, marketing, and member engagement. All of the aforementioned activities are out of the classroom and involve a focus on human-to-human interactions, leadership, and interpersonal
Cole G. Armstrong, Theodore M. Butryn, Vernon L. Andrews and Matthew A. Masucci
/09/27/business/nfl-sponsors-anthem-protests.html Babiak , K. , Mills , B. , Tainsky , S. , & Juravich , M. ( 2012 ). An investigation into professional athlete philanthropy: Why charity is part of the game . Journal of Sport Management, 26 ( 2 ), 159 – 176 . doi:10.1123/jsm.26.2.159 10.1123/jsm.26
Kevin Filo, David Fechner and Yuhei Inoue
predictors of philanthropy. Eight predictors were uncovered. First, awareness of need is highlighted as a requirement for philanthropy to occur that encompasses an individual’s understanding of the need for support. It relies on factors external to the donor (i.e., having been asked to donate), and is