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Marcia G. Ory, Matthew Lee Smith, Luohua Jiang, Doris Howell, Shuai Chen, Jairus C. Pulczinski and Alan B. Stevens

This study examines the effectiveness of Texercise Select, a 12-week lifestyle program to improve physical functioning (as measured by gait speed) and quality of life. Baseline and 12-week follow-up assessments were collected from 220 enrollees who were older (mean = 75 years), predominantly female (85%), White (82%), and experiencing multiple comorbidities (mean = 2.4). Linear mixed-models were fitted for continuous outcome variables and GEE models with logit link function for binary outcome variables. At baseline, over 52% of participants had Timed Up-and-Go (TUG) test times of 12 s or more, which indicates below-normal performance. On average, participants showed significant reductions in TUG test scores at the postintervention (11% reduction, p < .001). Participants also showed significant improvements in general health status (p = .002), unhealthy physical days (p = .032), combined unhealthy physical and mental days (p = .006), and days limited from usual activity (p = .045). Findings suggest that performance indicators can be objectively collected and integrated into evaluation designs of community-based, activity-rich lifestyle programs.

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Kun Liang

adults ( Demakakos, Gjonca, & Nazroo, 2007 ; Marques et al., 2015 ; Stephan, Chalabaev, Kotter-Grühn, & Jaconelli, 2013 ). However, despite the longitudinal association between positive self-perceptions of aging and better physical functioning has been well-documented ( Levy, 2003 ; Moser, Spagnoli

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Vera Ramos, Eliana V. Carraça, Teresa Paiva and Fátima Baptista

, Su, Fang, & Chang, 2012 ). Poor sleep can lead to a decrease in physical functioning, memory problems, an increased risk of falls, and an earlier mortality in the older population ( Neikrug & Ancoli-Israel, 2010 ). Regular physical activity/exercise increases average life expectancy through

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Katie L. Cederberg, Robert W. Motl and Edward McAuley

physical function, based on the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), and this coincides with elevated risk for developing future disability ( Motl, Chaparro, Hernandez, Balto, & Sandroff, 2016 ; Motl et al., 2015 ). There is increasing interest in the application of physical activity as a behavioral

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Chris Hopkins

the general public, including individuals with or at risk of OA, to engage in moderate physical activity ( US Department of Health and Human Services, 2008 ). Previous studies have suggested that engaging in physical activity may decrease the loss of physical function caused by aging and OA ( Dunlop

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Venurs H.Y. Loh, Jerome N. Rachele, Wendy J. Brown, Fatima Ghani and Gavin Turrell

Residents of socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods have significantly poorer physical function than their counterparts residing in more advantaged neighborhoods. 1 Physical function is defined as one’s ability to perform various activities that require physical capacity, ranging from

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Margaret Delaney, Meghan Warren, Brian Kinslow, Hendrik de Heer and Kathleen Ganley

29,902 participants completed the questionnaires and examinations during the 2011–2016 period. Participants who refused or who had missing data from any survey (including demographics, physical activity, physical function, or other health conditions) were excluded. The present study included

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Theresa E. Gildner, J. Josh Snodgrass, Clare Evans and Paul Kowal

( Berkman et al., 2015 ). In response to the growing number of older adults globally, several studies on global aging have sought to identify factors promoting health at increasingly advanced ages. For example, maintaining a high level of physical function has been linked with improved well-being at older

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Patricia A. Hageman, Carol H. Pullen and Michael Yoerger

and/or physical function. The importance of this research is that it examines the relationship of meeting criterion-based physical activity recommendations by both self-report and accelerometry, and it includes self-reported HRQOL using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System

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Diane Austrin Klein, William J. Stone, Wayne T. Phillips, Jaime Gangi and Sarah Hartman

The impact of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) on physical function in assisted-living older adults (73-94 years old) was studied. A 5-week pretraining period consisting of weekly visits by trainers to participants preceded a 10-week training period of warm-up, PNF exercises, and cool-down. Training progressed from 1 set of 3 repetitions to 3 sets of 3 repetitions. Assessments were conducted at baseline (T1), postpretraining (T2), and posttraining (T3). Eleven of 14 volunteer participants completed the study. Physical function was assessed by range of motion (ROM), isometric strength, and balance and mobility measures. Repeated-measures ANOVA identified 6 measures (sit-to-stand, shoulder- and ankle-flexion ROM, and hip-extension, ankle-flexion, and ankle-extension strength) with statistically significant differences. With the exception of hip-extension strength, these measures were statistically significant from T2 to T3 in post hoc univariate tests. Results indicate that PNF flexibility training can improve ROM, isometric strength, and selected physical-function tasks in assisted-living older adults.