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Tim Takken, Nynke de Jong, and on behalf of the Dutch Physical Activity Report Card Study Group

Introduction National surveillance data in the Netherlands show that the percentage of children and youth, who meet the Dutch physical activity guidelines has decreased significantly between 2006 and 2014. 1 Data from the 2016 Dutch Physical Activity Report Card showed that only a minority of

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Daniel Umpierre, Christianne Coelho-Ravagnani, Maria Cecília Tenório, Douglas Roque Andrade, Roseanne Autran, Mauro Virgilio Gomes de Barros, Tânia R. Bertoldo Benedetti, Fabiana Vieira Santos Azevedo Cavalcante, Edilson Serpeloni Cyrino, Samuel Carvalho Dumith, Alex Antonio Florindo, Leandro Martin Totaro Garcia, Sofia Wolker Manta, Grégore Iven Mielke, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Lorena Lima Magalhães, Paula Fabricio Sandreschi, Juliana Rezende Melo da Silva, Kelly Samara da Silva, Fernando Carlos Vinholes Siqueira, Pedro Curi Hallal, and on behalf of the Brazilian Physical Activity Guidelines Working Group*

Physical activity is a human right, being essential to human development, promoting healthy lives, and contributing to disease prevention. As addressed by the United Nations, sport and physical activity are platforms that enable 2030 Sustainable Development Goals by enhancing health, fostering

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Marcella Burghard, Karlijn Knitel, Iris van Oost, Mark S. Tremblay, Tim Takken, and the Dutch Physical Activity Report Card Study Group

Background:

The Active Healthy Kids the Netherlands (AHKN) Report Card consolidates and translates research and assesses how the Netherlands is being responsible in providing physical activity (PA) opportunities for children and youth (<18 years). The primary aim of this article is to summarize the results of the 2016 AHKN Report Card.

Methods:

Nine indicators were graded using the Active Healthy Kids Global Alliance report card development process, which includes a synthesis of the best available research, surveillance, policy and practice findings, and expert consensus.

Results:

Grades assigned were: Overall Physical Activity Levels, D; Organized Sport Participation, B; Active Play, B; Active Transportation, A; Sedentary Behaviors, C; Family and Peers, B; School, C; Community and the Built Environment, A; Government Strategies and Investments, INC.

Conclusions:

Sedentary behavior and overall PA levels are not meeting current guidelines. However, the Dutch youth behaviors in sports, active transportation, and active play are satisfactory. Several modifiable factors of influence might be enhanced to improve these indicators or at least prevent regression. Although Dutch children accumulate a lot of daily PA through cycling, it is not enough to meet the current national PA guidelines of 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous PA per day.

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Maria Cecília Marinho Tenório, Christianne Coelho-Ravagnani, Daniel Umpierre, Douglas Roque Andrade, Roseanne Autran, Mauro Virgilio Gomes de Barros, Tânia R. Bertoldo Benedetti, Fabiana Vieira Santos Azevedo Cavalcante, Edilson Serpeloni Cyrino, Samuel Carvalho Dumith, Alex Antonio Florindo, Leandro Martin Totaro Garcia, Grégore Iven Mielke, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Lorena Lima Magalhães, Paula Fabricio Sandreschi, Sofia Wolker Manta, Juliana Rezende Melo da Silva, Kelly Samara da Silva, Fernando Carlos Vinholes Siqueira, Pedro Curi Hallal, and on behalf of the Brazilian Physical Activity Guidelines Working Group*

Since the turn of the 21st century, Brazil’s contributions to the science, surveillance, and promotion of physical activity (PA) have established it as a leader in the field of PA and health. 1 These contributions include building infrastructure (eg, creation of a journal, a society, and a

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Ayse Meydanlioglu and Ayse Ergun

overweight children increased from 4.2% in 2013 to 14.6% in 2016 in Turkey. 6 In recent years, the decrease in participation in physical activities has also become an important problem in addition to the obesity among children. 7 , 8 In Turkey, according to the data of the “Turkey Nutrition and Health

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Matthew O. Fullmer, Carol Wilkinson, Keven A. Prusak, Dennis Eggett, and Todd Pennington

Due, in part, to leisure-time inactivity, obesity and related chronic health issues effect the lives of many adolescents in the United States ( Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015a ; Currie et al., 2012 ). Participating regularly in physical activity is a key factor in maintaining

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Kathleen S. Wilson and Kevin S. Spink

juxtaposed with the typically low physical activity levels in adolescents, it is important to understand the factors that contribute to being physically active. Researchers have used numerous theories to understand adolescent physical activity, with one of the more prominent being self-efficacy theory ( 3

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Volker Cihlar and Sonia Lippke

lifestyle factor is physical activity, which will therefore be investigated in the current study. Regular physical activity supports healthy aging in the sense that it helps individuals to remain healthy or to improve their health. Physical activity reduces the risk for most of the common causes of death

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Chris Hopkins

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a highly prevalent disease among older adults ( Lawrence et al., 2008 ) and one of the leading causes of functional loss and disability ( Cross et al., 2014 ). Physical activity has been deemed crucial to optimal health outcomes, which has led to federal recommendations for

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Christine E. Roberts, Louise H. Phillips, Clare L. Cooper, Stuart Gray, and Julia L. Allan

to maintain ADL and IADL abilities during old age are of prime importance. Mounting evidence from large-scale epidemiological studies, randomized controlled trials, and meta-analytic reviews offer compelling evidence that physical activity positively influences older adults’ abilities to carry out