or providing information. The use of theory-based content to build physical activity interventions has been suggested 4 , 7 ; however, the evidence supporting their effectiveness is mixed. Conn et al 3 found significantly smaller effect sizes when interventions used the social cognitive theory (SCT
David A. Ferrer and Rebecca Ellis
Rebecca E. Hasson, Lexie R. Beemer, Andria B. Eisman, and Penelope Friday
tailored classroom-based physical activity intervention in low-resource schools [Manuscript submitted for publication]. Hasson , R.E. , Sallis , J.F. , Coleman , N. , Kaushal , N. , Nocera , V.G. , & Keith , N. ( 2021 ). COVID-19: Implications for physical activity, health disparities, and
Gabriela Cuadra, Juliana S. Oliveira, Marina B. Pinheiro, Anne Tiedemann, Catherine Sherrington, Luiza Pivotto, Saman Khalatbari-Soltani, Sweekriti Sharma, and Nathalia Costa
, 20 The scarcity of local and context-specific research may limit policy efforts to promote physical activity in LMICs. Although several reviews have discussed physical activity interventions for older people, the evidence considered is primarily from high-income countries. 21 – 23 The assumption
Darla Castelli and Christine Julien
-based physical activity intervention using an integrated approach: Project SMART . Frontiers in Psychology, 3408 . Jung , Y. , Dingwell , J.B. , Baker , B. , Chopra , P. , & Castelli , D.M. ( 2021 ). Cross-sectional study using virtual reality to measure cognition . Frontiers in Sports and Active
Marissa A. Kobayashi, Sara M. St. George, Rafael O. Leite, Blanca Noriega Esquives, Rachel Wetstone, Elizabeth R. Pulgaron, Guillermo Prado, and Sara J. Czaja
( Gunter et al., 2012 ; Sember et al., 2020 ). However, existing physical activity interventions often target older adults and children separately, with few intergenerational approaches that bring them together. Intergenerational Interventions Prior research on intergenerational interventions in
Jocelyn Kernot, Lucy Lewis, Tim Olds, and Carol Maher
studies with physical activity interventions targeting postpartum women have been face-to-face group based 9 – 12 or included one-on-one support (face to face, through SMS, or through phone), 13 – 17 which may be costly, resource intensive, and place a significant time burden on participants. Mothers
Sheri J. Hartman, Dori Pekmezi, Shira I. Dunsiger, and Bess H. Marcus
cardiometabolic biomarkers (eg, decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, increased triglycerides, 2-h glucose, and fasting insulin), independent of physical activity. 22 Similar to concerns in the general population, physical activity interventions have shown to be quite efficacious for increasing
Roberto Ferriz, Alejandro Jiménez-Loaisa, David González-Cutre, María Romero-Elías, and Vicente J. Beltrán-Carrillo
, 2018 ). In this regard, several reviews and meta-analyses have recently emerged ( Biddle, Petrolini, & Pearson, 2014 ; Burns, Fu, & Podlog, 2017 ; Morton et al., 2016 ; Russ, Webster, Beets, & Phillips, 2015 ) focused on analyzing the effectiveness of school-based physical activity interventions
Brantley K. Ballenger, Emma E. Schultz, Melody Dale, Bo Fernhall, Robert W. Motl, and Stamatis Agiovlasitis
exhaustion (1.0), upper body strength (0.8), and lower body strength (0.9) .85 (d) Sport or gaming physical activity interventions Aguiar et al. ( 2008 )(Brazil) Pre–post 21 (100) 23.2 50-min session 3× week for 16 weeks Improved blood lactate (4.3) and functional motor skills (33%) .77 Boer and deBeer
Lauren Ashleigh Waters, Benedicte Galichet, Neville Owen, and Elizabeth Eakin
Taking a representative snapshot of physical activity intervention trial findings published between 1996 and 2006, we empirically evaluated participant characteristics, response and retention rates, and their associations with intervention settings.
A structured database search identified 5 representative health behavior journals, from which 32 research reports of physical activity intervention trials were reviewed. Interventions settings were categorized as workplace, healthcare, home- or community-based. Information on participant and intervention characteristics was extracted and reviewed.
The majority of participants were Caucasian (86%), women (66%), healthy but sedentary (63%), and middle-aged (mean age = 51 years). Intervention response rates ranged from 20% to 89%, with the greatest response rate for healthcare and home-based interventions. Compared with nonparticipants, study participants tended to be women, Caucasian, tertiary-educated, and middle-class. Participants in workplace interventions were younger, more educated, and healthier; in community-based interventions, participants were older and more ethnically diverse. Reporting on education and income was inconsistent. The mean retention rate was 78%, with minimal differences between intervention settings.
These results emphasize the need for physical activity interventions to target men, socioeconomically disadvantaged, and ethnic minority populations. Consistent reporting of response rate and retention may enhance the understanding of which intervention settings best recruit and retain large, representative samples.