attitude impacts peoples’ lives is related to attitudes toward physical activity. Physical education experiences offered in school influence attitude, which in turn influence attitude toward physical activity and subsequently physical activity behavior ( Carlson, 1995 ; Ennis, 1996 ; Portman, 1995
Cypriot Urban Elementary Students’ Attitude Toward Physical Education
Panos Constantinides and Stephen Silverman
Regulators of Skill Development in School Physical Education
performers got to play on the elite-sport stage to remember that each one experienced physical education at some stage of their schooling. Indeed, as Kohl and Cook ( 2013 , p. 199) remind us, “physical education as part of education provides the only opportunity for all children to learn about physical
Influence of Acculturation on Parents’ Readings of and Expectations for Physical Education
Meredith George and Matthew D. Curtner-Smith
Research which sheds light on why children and youth react to and perceive physical education programming as they do should be of use to teachers, policy makers, and those who carry out physical education teacher education (PETE) ( Curtner-Smith, 2009 ). Given that they have such a strong influence
Philippe Tissié’s Psychopedagogical Conceptions of Physical Education: Franco-Swedish Hybridity (1886–1935)
Pierre-Alban Lebecq, Yves Moralès, Jean Saint-Martin, Yves Travaillot, and Natalia Bazoge
On December 19, 1888, when Philippe Tissié (1852–1935) was 36 and had just graduated from Bordeaux Faculty of Medicine, he decided to create the Ligue Girondine d’Éducation Physique (Physical Education League of the Gironde). He aspired to help the students of educational establishments in the
Motivational Profiles in Physical Education: Evidence From Secondary School Students in Hong Kong
Jing Dong Liu and Pak-Kwong Chung
adolescence has been reported ( Nader, Bradley, Houts, McRitchie, & O’Brien, 2008 ), and a similar pattern has also been found in the physical education (PE) context in Hong Kong ( Chow, McKenzie, & Louie, 2008 , 2009 ). School PE is considered a potential venue for promoting a physically active lifestyle
The Impact of Learning Task Design on Students’ Situational Interest in Physical Education
Cédric Roure and Denis Pasco
, characterized by spontaneity derived from the interaction between an individual and a specific situation. Chen, Chen, and Zhu ( 2012 ) for example, revealed through a meta-analysis that SI was a primary motivator for K-12 students to engage in physical education. Situational Interest in Physical Education The
Attitude Research in Physical Education: A Review
This paper provides a comprehensive review of attitude research in physical education. The first section, reviews theoretical models that are prevalent in attitude research. Then, the next section describes the methods that were used to locate the research used in the remainder of the paper. The third section discusses measurement issues in attitude research, focusing on issues of score reliability. The final section reviews the results of research on attitude of physical education students and teachers. Critiques and analyses occur throughout the review.
Gender-Biased Communication in Physical Education
Julia A. Valley and Kim C. Graber
This study examined physical education teachers’ awareness of gender equitable practices as well as the language and behaviors they employed in the physical education environment. The purpose of the study was to determine (a) what teachers know about gender equitable practices, (b) what types of gender bias are demonstrated, and (c) how teachers are influenced to adopt gender equitable behaviors in the physical education context.
A multiple-case study approach was used to provide an in-depth analysis of the attitudes and behaviors of four physical education teachers from four different schools. Teachers were formally and informally interviewed before, during, and after four extensive two-week periods of observations that included being audio recorded throughout the school day.
Themes emerged across the cases indicating that teachers engaged in teaching practices that reinforced gender stereotypes through biased language and gender segregation.
Teachers’ lack of awareness and understanding of gender equity prevented them from providing an inclusive learning experience for all students.
An Analysis of State Physical Education Policies
Bryan A. McCullick, Thomas Baker, Phillip D. Tomporowski, Thomas J. Templin, Karen Lux, and Tiffany Isaac
The purpose of this study was to analyze state school-based physical education (SBPE) policies’ text and the resulting legal implications. A textualist approach to the legal method of Statutory Interpretation framed the data analysis. Findings revealed the difficulty of determining with clarity a majority of PE statutes and it is probable that based on current wording, courts could not play a role in interpreting these statutes, thus leaving interpretation to educational authorities. Significant variability of how authorities interpret statutes increases the challenge of consistent interpretation or adherence to the NASPE Guidelines for Quality Physical Education and whether meaningful policy study can be conducted to determine if SBPE makes an impact.
Novice Physical Education Teachers Learning to Teach
Support, or lack thereof, is often cited as the main reason for teachers to leave the profession early on (Ingersoll, 2003). Feiman-Nemser (2001) identifies five Central Tasks associated with Learning to Teach (CTLT) that could focus the support novice teachers need during their induction years: learning the teaching context (TC), designing responsive instructional program (IP), creating a classroom learning community (CC), enacting a beginning repertoire (BR) and developing their professional identity (PI). The purpose of the study is to examine the CTLT that novice physical education teachers use in their first and second years of their teaching career. Twenty-one physical education teachers accepted the study parameters to be observed and interviewed during their first year of teaching, and 15 teachers continued the data collection into their second year. Interviews revealed that these teachers focused mainly on BR and TC. Little focus was given to IP, CC, and PI. Results indicate the need for effective mentoring and continuous support through their induction years on BR and TC, but also expand novice teachers’ focus to address the additional categories.