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Azianah Mohamad Ibrahim, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh, Sumaiyah Mat, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, and Suzana Shahar

Physical inactivity is a global pandemic with 1.4 billion adults insufficiently active worldwide ( World Health Organization, 2018 ). It has also been reported to be associated with higher risks of all-cause mortality including that from cardiovascular disease, breast and prostate cancer, fractures

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Peter T. Katzmarzyk

Background:

Although the prevalence of physical inactivity is high in Canada, few studies have assessed its public health impact.

Methods:

A cause-deleted methodology was employed to estimate the effects of physical inactivity on life expectancy. Life expectancy in 2002 was estimated from an abridged life table analysis, which was repeated after removing deaths from physical inactivity. Deaths from physical inactivity were estimated from published population-attributable fractions for coronary artery disease, stroke, hypertension, colon cancer, breast cancer, and type 2 diabetes.

Results:

Life expectancy was 79.7 y in the total population, 77.2 y in males, and 82.1 y in females. Compared to overall life expectancy, physical inactivity cause-deleted values were 0.86 y lower in the total population, 0.65 y lower in males, and 1.0 y lower in females.

Conclusions:

Life expectancy could be increased by over 10 months if Canadians could be encouraged to be physically active.

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Kerem Shuval, Liora Sahar, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Gregory Knell, Galit Weinstein, Tal Gafni Gal, Felipe Lobelo, and Loretta DiPietro

providers in a busy clinical setting in measuring their patients’ “disuse” (ie, defined as a combination of sedentary behavior and physical inactivity) and provide subsequent recommendations to modify behavior. 12 Primary care providers’ advice is well respected, and pertinent tools and referral partners

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Ray M. Merrill

matter (PM) 2.5 air pollution was associated with an increase in leisure-time physical inactivity (LTPI). 16 A nationally representative cross-sectional survey conducted in the United States found that increased PM2.5 was associated with lower physical activity. 17 All studies in a systematic review

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Sunday Azagba and Mesbah Fathy Sharaf

Background:

In spite of the substantial benefits of physical activity for healthy aging, older adults are considered the most physically inactive segment of the Canadian population. This paper examines leisure-time physical inactivity (LTPA) and its correlates among older Canadian adults.

Methods:

We use data from the Canadian Community Health Survey with 45,265 individuals aged 50–79 years. A logistic regression is estimated and separate regressions are performed for males and females.

Results:

About 50% of older Canadian adults are physically inactive. Higher odds of physical inactivity are found among current smokers (OR = 1.52, CI = 1.37–1.69), those who binge-drink (OR = 1.24, CI = 1.11–1.39), visible minorities (OR = 1.60, CI = 1.39–1.85), immigrants (OR = 1.13, CI = 1.02–1.25), individuals with high perceived life stress (OR = 1.48, CI = 1.31–1.66). We also find lower odds of physical inactivity among: males (OR = 0.89, CI = 0.83 to 0.96), those with strong social interaction (OR = 0.71, CI = 0.66–0.77), with general life satisfaction (OR = 0.66, CI = 0.58–0.76) and individuals with more education. Similar results are obtained from separate regressions for males and females.

Conclusions:

Identifying the correlates of LTPA among older adults can inform useful intervention measures.

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Hayley Guiney, Michael Keall, and Liana Machado

nationally-representative research using that age range definition ( Mummery et al., 2007 ) and to enable a sufficient sample size for analysis. By providing up-to-date information on New Zealand older adults’ physical activity levels and identifying the correlates of both physical inactivity and meeting the

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Sathvik Namburar, William Checkley, Oscar Flores-Flores, Karina M. Romero, Katherine Tomaino Fraser, Nadia N. Hansel, Suzanne L. Pollard, and GASP Study Investigators

Physical inactivity is a worldwide epidemic and is one of the leading risk factors for premature death worldwide. 1 An estimated 23% of adults and 81% of adolescents do not currently meet the World Health Organization’s recommendations for regular exercise of 60 minutes of daily exercise for

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Mon S. Bryant, Diana H. Rintala, Jyh-Gong Hou, and Elizabeth J. Protas

Aim:

To investigate the relationships between falls, fear of falling, and activity limitations in individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD).

Design/methods:

Cross-sectional study of individuals with mild to moderate PD (N = 83). Associations among demographic data, fall frequency, disease severity, motor impairment, ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL), Activities Balance Confidence Scale, Iowa Fatigue Scale, Comorbidity Index, and Physical Activity Scale for Elders were studied.

Results:

Frequent fallers had more ADL limitations than nonfallers (p < .001) and rare fallers (p = .004). Frequent fallers reported a lower percentage of ability to perform ADL than nonfallers (p = .003). Frequent fallers and rare fallers were less physically active than nonfallers (p = .015 and p = .040, respectively). Frequent fallers and rare fallers reported a higher level of fear of falling than nonfallers (p = .031 and p = .009, respectively).

Conclusions:

Falls and fear of falling were associated with more ADL limitations and less physical activity after adjusting for physical impairments.

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Chloe McKay, Johanna M Hoch, and Deirdre Dlugonski

sessions were tailored to the specific physical and mental competencies of the populations; after each training day, participants received printed materials which outlined the national physical activity guidelines and tips on how to fit in more physical activity and the health risks of physical inactivity

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Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz and Rodrigo M. Carrillo-Larco

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), children and adolescents should accumulate at least 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity per day. 1 Studies in different countries have demonstrated that physical inactivity and sedentary lifestyle behaviors are common