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Behavioral Intentions and Action Plans Promote Physical Exercise: A Longitudinal Study with Orthopedic Rehabilitation Patients

Sonia Lippke, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, and Ralf Schwarzer

Patients in rehabilitation settings often face difficulties in complying with physical exercise regimens. To examine social-cognitive determinants in the adoption and maintenance of exercise, a study with four points in time was launched, scrutinizing beliefs and behaviors of 509 orthopedic patients. Although exercise levels increased over time, a sizable number of patients remained inactive. Perceived self-efficacy and outcome expectancies predicted levels of intention and action plans. The latter two in turn were proximal predictors of subsequent exercise. In light of the findings, it is argued that planning helps to bridge the intention-behavior gap. Planning is an alterable variable and is therefore suitable for effective intervention.

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A Framework of Strategic Approaches to Membership Growth in Nonprofit Community Sport

Kristen A. Morrison and Katie E. Misener

, competitive advantage, and position (e.g.,  Pettigrew, 1985 , 2012 ; Porter, 1980 ). In order to develop effective organizational strategies, nonprofit leaders may engage in a deliberative strategic planning process in order to “produc[e] fundamental decisions and actions that shape and guide what an

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Multicomponent Exercise Intervention and Metacognition in Obese Preadolescents: A Randomized Controlled Study

Feng-Tzu Chen, Su-Ru Chen, I-Hua Chu, Jen-Hao Liu, and Yu-Kai Chang

attention development ( Pesce et al., 2013 ). Similarly, children with overweight status have also been found to exhibit improved inhibition ( Crova et al., 2014 ), as well as improved planning and academic achievement ( Davis et al., 2007 , 2011 ), after exercise interventions. These findings indicate

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Analyzing Walkability Through Biometrics: Insights Into Sustainable Transportation Through the Use of Eye-Tracking Emulation Software

Justin B. Hollander, Ann Sussman, Peter Lowitt, Neil Angus, and Minyu Situ

Traditional transportation planning tends to focus on the mobility of vehicles rather than on opportunities to encourage the use of sustainable transport modes, like walking. Today, transportation planning focuses on the newest ways to balance the sustainable relationship between human beings and

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Mediating Mechanisms in a Physical Activity Intervention: A Test of Habit Formation

Navin Kaushal, Ryan E. Rhodes, John T. Meldrum, and John C. Spence

-based behavior change techniques ( Conner & Norman, 2015 ). Reviews of PA interventions reveal that behavioral strategies (e.g., goal setting, self-monitoring, coping planning) appear to be more effective than cognitive interventions (e.g., self-talk, education; Conn, Hafdahl, & Mehr, 2011 ; Rhodes & Pfaeffli

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Policies, Procedures, and Confidence in Managing Pregnancy Among Secondary School Athletic Trainers

Kaylie Simpson, John Goetschius, and Victor Liberi

developing their pregnancy policies and procedures, barriers exist during action planning. 4 , 9 The AT will likely require more legal guidance in mandatory reporting, confidentiality, parental involvement, and administrative involvement. 10 Socioeconomic status and cultural sensitivity should be

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Developing Adaptive Planning Skills by Preservice Physical Education Teachers

Kyuil Cho, Emi Tsuda, Phillip Ward, and Won Seok Chey

instruction, but also how to adapt their instruction ( Forzani, 2014 ; McDonald et al., 2013 ; Xie et al., 2021 , 2022 ). While adapting during a lesson is important, learning to improve from lesson to lesson can be facilitated by lesson planning. By improving the ability of PSTs to adapt lesson plans

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Effects of Acute Exercise on Executive Function: A Study With a Tower of London Task

Yu-Kai Chang, Chia-Liang Tsai, Tsung-Min Hung, Edmund Cheung So, Feng-Tzu Chen, and Jennifer L. Etnier

The purpose of this study is to extend the literature by examining the effects of an acute bout of moderate to vigorous intensity aerobic exercise on the executive functions of planning and problem solving assessed using a Tower of London Task (TOL Task). Forty-two participants were randomly assigned into either exercise or control group, and performed the TOL Task, before and immediately following exercise or a control treatment. The exercise group performed 30 min of exercise on a stationary cycle at moderate to vigorous intensity while the control group read for the same length of time. Results indicated that the exercise group achieved improvements in TOL Task scores reflecting the quality of planning and problem solving, but not in those reflecting rule adherence and performance speed. These findings indicate that an acute bout of aerobic exercise has facilitative effects on the executive functions of planning and problem solving.

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An Assessment of State-Level Planning for Physical Activity Promotion in the United States

Harold W. Kohl III, Ashleigh M. Johnson, Erin E. Dooley, Brooke Towner, Russell R. Pate, Kurt Heischmidt, and Eloise M. Elliott

, public health guidelines highlight 60 minutes of daily moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity. Muscular- and bone-strengthening activities are recommended 3 days per week for children and adolescents, and 2 or more days a week for adults. 3 Public health planning allows for prioritization

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Developing Preservice Teachers’ Adaptive Competence Using Repeated Rehearsals, Opportunities to Reflect, and Lesson Plan Modifications

Xiuye Xie, Phillip Ward, Won Seok Chey, Leslie Dillon, Scott Trainer, and Kyuil Cho

 al., 2014 ; Xie et al., 2021 ). Adaptive competence is seen as a highly generalizable teaching skill that teachers need for today’s schools. Adaptive competence has been defined as a teacher’s “ability to adjust their planning and teaching to the individual learning processes of students” ( Brühwiler