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Susanna Kola-Palmer, Samantha Buckley, Gabrielle Kingston, Jonathan Stephen, Alison Rodriguez, Nicole Sherretts, and Kiara Lewis

unwillingness to express emotion, lack of problem awareness and low mental health literacy are important barriers to help-seeking in elite athletes ( Gulliver, Griffiths, & Christensen, 2012a ; Wood, Harrison, & Kucharska, 2017 ). Player Welfare Although research relating to athlete mental health and welfare

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Edward J. Bradley, Bob Hogg, and David T. Archer

risk and therefore a positive outcome for player welfare at the elite level in rugby union. However, the conditioning requirements of both increased mean (44%) and total scrum contact duration (37%) must be considered in terms of player preparation. Changes in scrum contact time due to the PreBind

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Andrew Mills, Joanne Butt, Ian Maynard, and Chris Harwood

This study examined the factors perceived by successful coaches to underpin optimal development environments within elite English soccer academies. A semistructured interview guide was developed to interview 10 expert coaches about the environments they create for players at a key stage in their development. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and inductively content analyzed. The results identified a wide range of factors resulting in a conceptual framework that explained how these factors interact to underpin an optimal environment. Subcomponents of this framework included organizational core (e.g., advocate a player-driven ideology), adaptability (e.g., embrace novel ideas & approaches), player welfare (e.g., understand players’ world-view), key stakeholder relationships (e.g., build trust with parents), involvement (e.g., encourage players’ ideas/feedback), and achievement oriented (e.g., establish an explicit pathway to senior level). Collectively, the findings highlight the importance of establishing strong, dynamic, organizational cultures at elite youth soccer academies. Ways that academies might be helped to establish such environments are discussed.

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Gregory R. Cox, Iñigo Mujika, and Cees-Rein van den Hoogenband

Water polo is an aquatic team sport that requires endurance, strength, power, swimming speed, agility, tactical awareness, and specific technical skills, including ball control. Unlike other team sports, few researchers have examined the nutritional habits of water polo athletes or potential dietary strategies that improve performance in water polo match play. Water polo players are typically well muscled, taller athletes; female players display higher levels of adiposity compared with their male counterparts. Positional differences exist: Center players are heavier and have higher body fat levels compared with perimeter players. Knowledge of the physical differences that exist among water polo players offers the advantage of player identification as well as individualizing nutrition strategies to optimize desired physique goals. Individual dietary counseling is warranted to ensure dietary adequacy, and in cases of physique manipulation. Performance in games and during quality workouts is likely to improve by adopting strategies that promote high carbohydrate availability, although research specific to water polo is lacking. A planned approach incorporating strategies to facilitate muscle glycogen refueling and muscle protein synthesis should be implemented following intensified training sessions and matches, particularly when short recovery times are scheduled. Although sweat losses of water polo players are less than what is reported for land-based athletes, specific knowledge allows for appropriate planning of carbohydrate intake strategies for match play and training. Postgame strategies to manage alcohol intake should be developed with input from the senior player group to minimize the negative consequences on recovery and player welfare.

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Siobhán O’Connor, Wesley O’Brien, and Peter Lacey

in this stakeholder consultation phase ( n  = 6). This was led by the Player Welfare Coordinator of the Camogie Association. Step 3: Development of a Workshop and Material to Guide Coaches and Players The coach education workshop and supplementary material available to coaches were specifically

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Cassandra Coble

governance internationally and in various countries and continents around the world. Within this growing sector, governance and legislation is developing to address concerns outlined in the chapter, including intellectual property and publicity rights, player welfare, and competitive integrity. Governance in

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Andrew J.A. Hall, Leigh Jones, and Russell J.J. Martindale

timetable. These were information giving sessions, but also opportunities to reinforce the rationale and philosophy for key training and competition phases. Improved player welfare and psychological skills provision was targeted through the recruitment of an Athlete Welfare Manager (AWM). The AWM helped

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Edgar Schwarz, Liam D. Harper, Rob Duffield, Robert McCunn, Andrew Govus, Sabrina Skorski, and Hugh H.K. Fullagar

player welfare, athlete/team success, and workplace health. Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank all participants for their involvement in the study. References 1. Sacket DL , Rosenberg WM , Gray JA , et al . Evidence based medicine: what is and what it isn’t . BMJ . 1996 ; 312

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Lewis Whales, Stephen Frawley, Adam Cohen, and Natalia Nikolova

bounce back strong. This process of collaborating and making joint decisions may seem simple retrospectively; however, there are many factors that had to be considered, including club membership, sponsors, broadcasters, employees, game attendance, training facilities, support and resources, player

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Blake D. McLean, Donald Strack, Jennifer Russell, and Aaron J. Coutts

the Player in the Age of Big Data The process of better understanding physical demands in the NBA is ultimately aimed at enhanced player care and welfare. Player data can be used to benefit individual athletes and improve professional practice. In this process, other aspects of player welfare also