Recent retrospective research has identified effective meso-level thoughts and behaviors for high level golfers (i.e., those deployed between shots and holes). However, how such thoughts and behaviors are actually used during this phase of performance and, or if, they vary in different contexts is unknown. Accordingly, real-time observations followed by stimulated recall interviews were used to examine the meso-level processes used by high-level golfers during competition. Results indicated use of the same pre2- and post-shot routines identified in prior retrospective research but with key differences in the content and application of some of their stages relative to shot outcome. These similarities and differences are discussed along with implications for practitioners: including the importance of developing metacognitive skills, and prioritizing the development of performance expertise over performance competencies for high-level golfers at the meso-level of performance.
This Really IS What We Do With the Rest of the Day! Checking and Clarifying What High-Level Golfers Do During the Meso-Levels of Performance
Thomas Davies, Andrew Cruickshank, and Dave Collins
This is What We Do With the Rest of the Day! Exploring the Macro and Meso Levels of Elite Golf Performance
Thomas Davies, Dave Collins, and Andrew Cruickshank
Despite substantial research in golf on preshot routines, our understanding of what elite golfers are or potentially should be focusing on beyond this phase of performance is limited. Accordingly, interviews were conducted with elite-level golfers and support practitioners to explore what golfers are and should be attending to before competition and between shots and holes. Results pointed to a number of important and novel processes for use at macro (i.e., precompetition) and meso (i.e., between shots and holes) levels, including the role of shared mental models across team members.
A Proposed Three-Stage Postperformance-Routine Framework
Jason Kostrna, Jean-Charles Lebeau, Camilo Sáenz-Moncaleano, and Brian Foster
on team performance . Journal of Happiness Studies, 17 ( 1 ), 239 – 255 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-014-9592-6 Mesagno , C. ( 2014 , April 28 ). Testing pre-shot and post-shot routine effectiveness—part 1 . Bowling This Month . Mesagno , C. , Hill , D.M. , & Larkin , P. ( 2015
The Cognitive Component of Elite High Jumpers’ Preperformance Routines
Thomas Gretton, Lindsey Blom, Dorice Hankemeier, and Lawrence Judge
, Cruickshank, and Collins ( 2017 ) who reviewed the sequential stages of a golfer’s post-shot routines/procedures, this study also highlighted the presence of the second and third stages of an effective post-jump routine, which are termed by Davies et al. as the reflection/reasoning and adjustment stages. In