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Yongwoo Lee, Wonjae Choi, Kyeongjin Lee, Changho Song and Seungwon Lee

population. Therefore, we investigated the effectiveness of virtual reality training using 3D video games in improving postural balance and muscle strength of the lower extremities in community-dwelling older adults. Methods Participants Participants were recruited from the senior welfare center in Seoul

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Nili Steinberg, Gordon Waddington, Roger Adams, Janet Karin and Oren Tirosh

& Whitaker, 2012 ). Postural balance (PB) is defined as the ability to maintain the body’s center of mass within its base of support ( Shumway-Cook & Woollacott, 1995 ). Static PB is the ability to maintain a base of support with minimal movement. Dynamic PB requires control over the center of gravity

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Ece Acar, Tamer Çankaya and Serkan Öner

The loss of balance is one of the common problems that older adults and 20–33% of the individuals aged 65 years and older experience ( Lin & Bhattacharyya, 2012 ). Postural balance is defined as the muscle balance performed by the whole body to keep the center of mass within the support surface

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Ziva M. Rosker, Jernej Rosker and Nejc Sarabon

Altered postural balance is commonly reported in patients with low-back pain and can lead to an increased risk of falling. 1 , 2 However, over the years, numerous investigators yielded conflicting results regarding the presence of balance deficits in low-back-pain patients. 3 Heterogeneity of the

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Anis Kamoun, Omar Hammouda, Abdelmoneem Yahia, Oussema Dhari, Houcem Ksentini, Tarak Driss, Nizar Souissi and Mohamed Habib Elleuch

Alpini et al. ( 2004 ) have proved that lack of MEL levels leads to vestibular impairment and balance disturbance ( Alpini et al., 2004 ), few researches have tested the potential effect of MEL on postural balance in older adults. Previous studies have proved that acute evening MEL (2 mg) ingestion did

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Wonjae Choi and Seungwon Lee

paddling movement in the sagittal planes could be emphasized to improve postural balance. Another positive effect of kayaking is that it increases upper extremity muscle strength and endurance at the same time without any upper extremity problems or overload ( Bjerkefors, Jansson, & Thorstensson, 2006

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Hsieh-ching Chen, Keh-chung Lin, Chia-ling Chen and Ching-yi Wu

This study evaluated the effect of context on the reaching performance of the unaffected arm and postural control while standing in patients with right cerebral vascular accidents (RCVA) and in healthy adults. Fifteen subjects with RCVA and sixteen healthy subjects performed tasks with the right hand under two conditions while standing. One condition involved moving coins forward on a table as far as possible (concrete task) and the other reaching forward without a target (abstract task). Forward reaching distance, forward displacement and lateral shift of center of pressure (CoP), and weight distribution were the dependent variables. The RCVA and control groups achieved significantly greater reaching distances in the concrete task than in the abstract one. The RCVA group showed significantly less lateral shift of the CoP and placed more weight on the affected leg in the concrete than the abstract task, whereas the control group made a greater lateral shift in the concrete task and had a similar mean ratio of weight distribution during both tasks. The results demonstrate that a functional application of task targets may favorably modulate both reaching and posture performance and exert various positive affects on postural control. Such applications may have a place in the therapeutic recovery efforts for patients afflicted with stroke.

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Karl Fullam, Brian Caulfield, Garrett F. Coughlan, Wayne McNulty, David Campbell and Eamonn Delahunt

effect on sensorimotor function and athletic performance. Fullam et al 9 reported that postural balance was negatively affected by a 15-minute cryotherapy application to the ankle joint, which is in agreement with previous research in the area. 10 – 12 In a literature review investigating whether

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Christina Zong-Hao Ma, Wing-Kai Lam, Bao-Chi Chang and Winson Chiu-Chun Lee

proprioceptive sensation for maintaining balance control ( Billot, Handrigan, Simoneau, Corbeil, Teasdale, 2013 ), some recent studies have investigated whether insoles can improve postural balance by enlarging the sensory input at plantar surface of the foot. Changing the mechanical properties and shapes of

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Ilha G. Fernandes, Matheus A. Souza, Matheus L. Oliveira, Bianca Miarka, Michelle A. Barbosa, Andreia C. Queiroz and Alexandre C. Barbosa

Falls are a major public health concern, with approximately 30% of the population, more prevalent in older women ( Tsai, Hsieh, & Yang, 2014 ; Vieira, Palmer, & Chaves, 2016 ). An essential and modifiable factor to be assessed for fall management is postural balance ( Vieira et al., 2016 ) since