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James R. Chagdes, Joshua J. Liddy, Amanda J. Arnold, Laura J. Claxton and Jeffrey M. Haddad

adopted to address questions regarding postural development. Postural measures derived in the absence of horizontal forces (termed the CoB) will deviate from a true measure of CoP, which we consider here to be the CoP error. In our simulations, we found that the differences between the CoB and CoP are

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Marco Tramontano, Alessandra Medici, Marco Iosa, Alessia Chiariotti, Giulia Fusillo, Leonardo Manzari and Daniela Morelli


Cerebral palsy (CP) has been defined as a nonprogressive disease of movement and posture development. Physical therapy techniques use different forms of sensory stimulation to improve neuromotor development.


The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a vestibular stimulation training in improving motor functions in cerebral palsy.


Fourteen children with CP were randomly separated into two different groups in a cross-over trial.


Over a period of 10 weeks, each group performed 10 sessions of 50 min of neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) and 10 sessions of vestibular training (VR). Children were evaluated with the Gross Motor Function Measurement-88 scale, the Goal Attainment Scale and the root mean square of head accelerations.


A significant improvement in the GAS-score (p = .003) was noted after NDT+VR.


Vestibular stimulation integrated with NDT proved to be an effective complementary strategy for facilitating motor functioning.