Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 8,931 items for :

  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All
Restricted access

Achieving Expertise in Sport: Deliberate Practice, Adaptation, and Periodization of Training

Ronnie Lidor, Gershon Tenenbaum, Gal Ziv, and Vladimir Issurin

Deliberate practice (DP), an activity aimed at enhancing an individual’s performance, has been reported to be crucial for achieving a state of expertise in various domains, such as education, music, and sport. In this article, the relationships between DP and the process of athletic performance adaptation are explored by elaborating on the main principle of the theory of training—periodization. We argue that periodization should be considered as a mechanism for ensuring DP, and that the implementation of periodization principles (cycles and phases) in DP activities can facilitate adaptation processes leading to expert performance. We describe the characteristics and features of DP, review a series of studies on DP and athletic performance (N = 21), discuss the importance of periodization in sport training, and outline a number of benefits of periodization. A model that emphasizes the link between periodization and DP activities in each phase of sport development is proposed, and a number of research approaches to address periodization are discussed.

Restricted access

The Interplay Between Learning, Knowledge, Biography and Practice: The Tale of an Experienced Track & Field Athletics Coach

Luke Oldridge, Lee Nelson, Kenny Greenough, and Paul Potrac

This paper examines how the learning biography of Jack (pseudonym), an experienced track and field athletics coach, shaped his thoughts about coaching practice. Data were collected through seven in-depth, semistructured, narrative-biographical interviews that formed part of a cyclical and iterative data analysis process. Our analysis of Jack’s narrative revealed how his understanding of two distinct features of his coaching practice (i.e., implementation of periodization and pedagogical delivery style) developed in contrasting ways. Jack’s story was primarily, although not exclusively, interpreted using Alheit’s concepts of biographical learning and biographicity, Biesta and Tedder’s writings on agency and learning in the life-course, and Jarvis’ discussion of learning as a process of becoming. The findings of this study raise significant questions for how the field of sports coaching seeks to understand coach learning.

Full access

Operationalizing Physical Literacy: Special Issue Editorial

Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers and Margaret E. Whitehead

The concept of physical literacy is increasing in popularity in both policy and practice in the fields of sport, health, education, and recreation in several countries around the globe ( Lundvall, 2015 ; Jurbala, 2015 ). With this increased popularity, so too are the calls for research in relation

Restricted access

How Coaches See Conscientiousness-Related Traits and Their Impact on Athletes’ Training and Expertise Development

Rafael A. B. Tedesqui and Bradley W. Young

Research on athletes’ personalities has always been of interest to coaches. In fact, some of the earliest work in sport psychology concerned itself with aligning coaching and leadership practices with athletes’ personalities to ensure best performance in competition (e.g.,  Griffith, 1925 ). This

Restricted access

Coaches’ and Researchers’ Perceptions of the Factors That Influence Knowledge Translation for Coaching in Portugal and Brazil

Fernando Santos, Marta Ferreira, and Nicholas L. Holt

Researchers have claimed that coaches and athletes are increasingly expected to use research evidence and innovation to gain competitive advantages (e.g.,  Arnold & Schilling, 2017 ), yet, scholars have also acknowledged that bridging gaps between research and practice in sport is challenging

Restricted access

How Is Physical Literacy Defined? A Contemporary Update

Cara Shearer, Hannah R. Goss, Lowri C. Edwards, Richard J. Keegan, Zoe R. Knowles, Lynne M. Boddy, Elizabeth J. Durden-Myers, and Lawrence Foweather

, researchers have endeavored to elaborate on what the concept means and how it can be applied in practice. Nevertheless, research published on the concept of physical literacy has provided a diverse array of perspectives ( Dudley, Cairney, Wainwright, Kriellaars, & Mitchell, 2017 ; Edwards et al., 2017

Restricted access

Leadership, Bridging, and Group-Game Engineering: Guidelines for Community Sport Coaches

Philippe Crisp

concerning how coaches can best achieve and meet wider social policy objectives through their practice. The issue then is that we know that sporting programs are not always effective ( Coalter, 2013 ), so we need to find out what makes successful programs. In short, if community projects work, we should also

Restricted access

Reality Check for High-Performance Football: A Study of Coaching Competences Based on the International Sport Coaching Framework

Matheus Galdino, Lara Lesch, and Pamela Wicker

consequence, for example, an elite football coach lasts on average 65 days in the job during the league season in Brazil ( Galdino et al., 2021 ), even if football is a zero-sum game where only one team ends up as a winner in the competition ( Gammelsæter, 2013 ). Such a contradiction in coaching practice may

Restricted access

Prepare to Succeed: Private Consulting in Applied Sport Psychology

Jim Taylor

This article explores the challenges of building a successful private consulting practice in sport psychology. The author examines the extant literature on the experiences of recent graduates as they enter the field of applied sport psychology and also describes how his own educational and early career experiences have shaped his practice. A four-part approach to consulting with athletes is outlined, along with detailed information regarding practice development, clientele identification, and fee structures. The personal qualities essential for creating a successful consulting practice in sport psychology are also explored. Finally, a five-stage model of career development provides guidelines for maintaining and growing a successful consulting practice.

Restricted access

Age-Related Effects on Temporal Strategies to Speed Motor Performance

Patricia S. Pohl and Carolee J. Winstein

The purpose of ihis study was to compare the effects of a single practice session on performance strategies used by young and older adults to decrease movement time (MT) while maintaining accuracy of an aiming task. Five young and 5 older adult males practiced until each accumulated 500 target hits in each of two complexity conditions as defined by Fitts’s law. Participants decreased MT with practice; however, older adults had longer MTs than the young, particularly in the high-complexity condition. With practice in the low-complexity condition, participants decreased absolute acceleration and deceleration times but maintained the relative amount of MT devoted to temporal phases. In contrast, with practice in the high-complexity condition, participants decreased absolute deceleration and dwell time and changed the temporal structure. Results suggest that older adults can decrease MT with practice and that the performance strategies adopted to speed performance are more a function of task complexity than age.