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Kathye E. Light, Marie A. Reilly, Andrea L. Behrman, and Waneen W. Spirduso

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of practice on simple reaction time (RT), movement time (MT), and response consistency for two arm-reaching tasks of graded complexity in younger and older adults. Forty subjects, 20 younger adults (age range = 20–29 years) and 20 older adults (age range = 60–82 years), were randomly subdivided into practice and control groups. All subjects were pretested on each arm-reaching movement on Day 1. The practice groups practiced each task for 160 trials over 2 consecutive days while the control groups practiced a memory task and answered a health survey. All subjects were posttested on Day 3. The major finding was that practice reduced the simple RTs of older persons to the level of younger persons. MTs for both practice age groups were reduced, but the age differences in MT performance were maintained.

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Derrick D. Brown, Jurjen Bosga, and Ruud G.J. Meulenbroek

metronome and mirror use on performing improvised movement in the upper body. We expected that mirror use would yield lower AIM values. Furthermore, we expected that the metronome would prompt more predictable movement variation patterns and, thus, lower SEn values. Methods Participants A total of 10 ( N

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Danilo Bondi, Sergio Di Sano, Vittore Verratti, Giampiero Neri, Tiziana Aureli, and Tiziana Pietrangelo

relatively unpredictable environment (e.g., tennis and volleyball), whereas closed skills sports are based on relatively predictable movement patterns (e.g., gymnastics and swimming) ( Nuri, Shadmehr, Ghotbi, & Attarbashi Moghadam, 2013 ). We then obtained four categories: no sport, recent engagement, open