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Elaine Leonezi Guimarães, Andréa Baraldi Cunha, Daniele de Almeida Soares and Eloisa Tudella

The aim of this systematic literature review was to examine and discuss studies that investigated reaching in preterm infants during the first year of life. Databases were searched using keywords such as reaching, grasping, preterm, and premature, in addition to specific terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) (motor skills, infant, movement, premature birth, hands) regardless of year of publication. One hundred thirty-five studies were identified, 9 of which were selected. The results showed that preterm infants adopt strategies (bimanual reaches and reaches with less rectilinear trajectories toward an object in motion, reaches with semi-open and open hand, reaches at lower speeds, with increased movement units, and variable postural muscle activity) compared with full-term infants. However, the results on how intrinsic factors (e.g., prematurity) and extrinsic factors (e.g., body position, physical properties of the object) influence early reaching are still limited.

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Alon Eliakim, Ita Litmanovitz and Dan Nemet

babies, especially those born earliest, often have complicated medical problems. Furthermore, advances in perinatal care have improved the chances for survival of younger and low-birth-weight infants. The high incidence of premature births, coupled with improved survival as a result of highly evolving

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Carina Bauer, Christine Graf, Anna M. Platschek, Heiko K. Strüder and Nina Ferrari

and may help to improve posture and alleviate back pain. 19 In a meta-analysis of 44 studies that surveyed 7278 patients, Thangaratinam et al 11 showed that lifestyle interventions (physical activity and diet) may also reduce the risk of preeclampsia, high blood pressure during pregnancy, premature

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Nisha Botchwey, Myron F. Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L. Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L. Schmid, Terry L. Conway, J. Aaron Hipp, Anna J. Kim, M. Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L. Walker, Tina J. Kauh and Jim F. Sallis

needed, especially by race/ethnicity and Socioeconomic status. 21 How premature birth weight affects youth PA is not well known, as many developmental factors play a role in youth weight. Race/ethnicity, Socioeconomic status, maternal employment, and parental involvement and support are all related to a

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prematurely born infants but the combination of low birth weight (LBW) and premature birth yields greater occurrence of ASD. This group of high-risk infants has received limited attention in terms of early signs of ASD and especially in terms of delayed motor development. Therefore, the goal of this