-term emotional exposure ( Baumeister, Vohs, DeWall, & Zhang, 2007 ) and provide important preparation ( Arnold, Hewton, & Fletcher, 2015 ) that is essential to competitive performance. Previous research on athletic talent development has sought to identify the variables present in such environments. However
Steve M. Smith, Stewart T. Cotterill, and Hazel Brown
Davide Ferioli, Andrea Bosio, Johann C. Bilsborough, Antonio La Torre, Michele Tornaghi, and Ermanno Rampinini
general and specific preparation periods at the beginning of the season are considered crucial phases in preparing athletes for competition. In this period, athletes begin training after a period of complete or near-to-complete rest. The initial phase (general preparation) should provide a gradual
Jarred Pilgrim, Peter Kremer, and Sam Robertson
Golf tournaments occur over a period of days and comprise a series of rounds. Each round involves the golfer playing 18 holes in as few shots as possible. Golfers have the opportunity for preparation in the days preceding a tournament (pretournament preparation) and the period before and after each
Jake Schuster, Dan Howells, Julien Robineau, Anthony Couderc, Alex Natera, Nick Lumley, Tim J. Gabbett, and Nick Winkelman
across all levels to create parity of competition, physical preparation comes into focus in a sport with unique match and competition demands. The aims of this paper are to provide a detailed outline of current practice methods used by practitioners at the highest level of physical preparation in rugby
The ability to prepare effectively to execute complex skills under pressure is crucial in a number of performance-focused professions. While there is emerging evidence of best practice little research has sought to compare preparation strategies across professions. As a result, the aim of this research was to explore the approaches employed within a number of professions and whether there are similarities in the techniques and strategies adopted. Participants were 18 “performers,” purposefully selected from sporting, musical, performing arts, and medical domains. Participants were interviewed individually to gain an understanding of each participant’s preparation strategies and the functions these strategies fulfilled. The data were thematically analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Results suggest that there are similarities in both behavioral and mental strategies adopted across professions. Future research should seek to explore the transferability of developmental approaches.
W. James (Jim) Weese
our students to compete and function in the global industry. Our graduates need a deeper penetration into the global issues as they relate to sport. Students can enrich their preparation with meaningful international experiences that challenge them, heighten their levels of maturity, and most of all
Stacy Winter and Dave Collins
Priming has recently emerged in the literature as offering advantages in the preparation for skilled performance. Accordingly, the current study tested the efficacy of imagery against a priming paradigm as a means of enhancing motor performance: in essence, contrasting a preparation technique primarily under the conscious control of the performer to an unconscious technique promoting automaticity. The imagery intervention was guided by the PETTLEP model, while the priming intervention took the form of a scrambled sentence task. Eighteen skilled field-hockey players performed a dribbling task under imagery, priming, skill-focus, and control conditions. Results revealed a significant improvement in speed and technical accuracy for the imagery condition as opposed to the skill-focus, control, and priming conditions. In addition, there were no significant differences in performance times or technical accuracy between the priming and control conditions. The study provides further support for the efficacy of imagery to elicit enhanced motor skill performance but questions the emerging emphasis on priming as an effective tool in preparation for physical tasks.
Leo J. Roberts, Mervyn S. Jackson, and Ian H. Grundy
). The psychological challenge of golf makes it a rich context to study adaptive and maladaptive thought processes. Hence, unsurprisingly, golf has attracted consistent attention in the performance psychology literature. Motor skills generally require a preparation process involving conscious activity (e
Stijn Schouppe, Jessica Van Oosterwijck, Jan R. Wiersema, Stefaan Van Damme, Tine Willems, and Lieven Danneels
preparation, as it is associated with decreased cognitive and/or motor task performance, for example, slower reaction times and diminished task accuracy ( Boksem, Meijman, & Lorist, 2006 ; Mackworth, 1964 ; Marcora, Staiano, & Manning, 2009 ; Tanaka, Ishii, & Watanabe, 2014 ). Movement preparation is an
Barnaby Wren, Christopher R.D. Wagstaff, and Alessandro Quartiroli
This article provides a neophyte practitioner’s account of providing psychological support to a national team for the first time. The practitioner felt “caught in the headlights” due to his lack of preparation for the range of organizational issues he encountered. In this confessional tale, experiential knowledge gained by the practitioner is shared through the presentation of self-reflections from the 6-month period when he supported the squad. While the practitioner’s time with this national squad was limited, it gave him a sense of the micropolitical landscape of the sporting organization and illuminated some of the complexities and dilemmas that characterize applied sport psychology practice. These reflections are offered to guide other aspiring professionals during their initial training experiences.