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Colin B. Shore, Gill Hubbard, Trish Gorely, Robert Polson, Angus Hunter and Stuart D. Galloway

most important finding from the reviews was a lack of reporting on exercise prescription adherence. No review detailed the type of exercise prescribed or the extent to which the participant adhered to the prescription. Reviews did report the term adherence; however, it must be understood that this term

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Christina E. Miyawaki, Rebecca L. Mauldin and Carolyn R. Carman

eyes and prescribe glasses, but also diagnose and write medication prescriptions to treat many eye diseases ( National Conference of State Legislatures, 2019 ; Texas Optometry Board, 2019 ). Older adults tend to visit optometrists more frequently than people from other age groups ( Wood et al., 2011

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Emerson Franchini

Olympic combat sports was recently reported to be efficient to improve both aerobic and anaerobic fitness of the fighters. 18 The understanding of the foundations to combat sports-specific HIIT prescription is a key element to improve combat sports athletes physical fitness while guaranteeing that the

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Pilar Lavielle Sotomayor, Gerardo Huitron Bravo, Analí López Fernández and Juan Talavera Piña

prioritized preventive measure for public health. 4 Health service activities should be reoriented toward health promotion and must involve physicians in the prescription of PA. 5 , 6 They have frequent contact with a large percentage of the population and are a respected source of information for patients

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Alejandro Javaloyes, Jose Manuel Sarabia, Robert Patrick Lamberts and Manuel Moya-Ramon

, 18 In addition, the increase of the performance after a training period (TW) is related to an increase in resting HRV. 8 However promising the results of monitoring athletes, only a few studies 5 , 19 , 20 have looked at using CAR markers to prescribe or regulate exercise prescription. This HRV

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Cruz Hogan, Martyn J. Binnie, Matthew Doyle, Leanne Lester and Peter Peeling

utility of real-time PO measures as a training monitoring and prescription tool. 20 In recent work from our laboratory, we have utilized such technology to validate an on-water GXT, where stages are incremented by PO. 13 Although this test appears to provide valid and reliable physiological outcomes, 13

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Gina M. Besenyi, Emi B. Hayashi and Richard W. Christiana

initiative through the American College of Sports Medicine, encourages health care providers (HCPs) to include PA when developing chronic disease treatment plans. 7 – 9 One pioneering PA intervention through the health care system, Park Prescriptions (ParkRx), encourages HCPs to prescribe visits to local

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Kym Joanne Price, Brett Ashley Gordon, Kim Gray, Kerri Gergely, Stephen Richard Bird and Amanda Clare Benson

Rehabilitation Association, 2004 ). Despite physical capacity being associated with cardiac treatment ( Ades et al., 2006 ; Sumide et al., 2009 ), current Australian guidelines ( National Heart Foundation of Australia & Australian Cardiac Rehabilitation Association, 2004 ) for exercise prescription in cardiac

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Saud F. Alsubaie, Susan L. Whitney, Joseph M. Furman, Gregory F. Marchetti, Kathleen H. Sienko and Patrick J. Sparto

, moving the head in yaw or pitch directions) may be undertaken before determining the exercise prescription. To properly assess subjects’ performance during balance and vestibular exercises so that decisions can be made about progression of those exercises, the reliability of performance should be established

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Stephen Seiler and Øystein Sylta

The purpose of this study was to compare physiological responses and perceived exertion among well-trained cyclists (n = 63) performing 3 different high-intensity interval-training (HIIT) prescriptions differing in work-bout duration and accumulated duration but all prescribed with maximal session effort. Subjects (male, mean ± SD 38 ± 8 y, VO2peak 62 ± 6 mL · kg–1 · min–1) completed up to 24 HIIT sessions over 12 wk as part of a training-intervention study. Sessions were prescribed as 4 × 16, 4 × 8, or 4 × 4 min with 2-min recovery periods (8 sessions of each prescription, balanced over time). Power output, HR, and RPE were collected during and after each work bout. Session RPE was reported after each session. Blood lactate samples were collected throughout the 12 wk. Physiological and perceptual responses during >1400 training sessions were analyzed. HIIT sessions were performed at 95% ± 5%, 106% ± 5%, and 117% ± 6% of 40-min time-trial power during 4 × 16-, 4 × 8-, and 4 × 4-min sessions, respectively, with peak HR in each work bout averaging 89% ± 2%, 91% ± 2%, and 94% ± 2% HRpeak. Blood lactate concentrations were 4.7 ± 1.6, 9.2 ± 2.4, and 12.7 ± 2.7 mmol/L. Despite the common prescription of maximal session effort, RPE and sRPE increased with decreasing accumulated work duration (AWD), tracking relative HR. Only 8% of 4 × 16-min sessions reached RPE 19–20, vs 61% of 4 × 4-min sessions. The authors conclude that within the HIIT duration range, performing at “maximal session effort” over a reduced AWD is associated with higher perceived exertion both acutely and postexercise. This may have important implications for HIIT prescription choices.