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Sport Concussion Education and Prevention

Charles H. Tator

There has been a remarkable increase in the past 10 years in the awareness of concussion in the sports and recreation communities. Just as sport participants, their families, coaches, trainers, and sports organizations now know more about concussions, health care professionals are also better prepared to diagnose and manage concussions. As has been stated in the formal articles in this special issue on sport-related concussion, education about concussion is one of the most important aspects of concussion prevention, with the others being data collection, program evaluation, improved engineering, and introduction and enforcement of rules. Unfortunately, the incidence of concussion appears to be rising in many sports and thus, additional sports-specific strategies are required to reduce the incidence, short-term effects, and long term consequences of concussion. Enhanced educational strategies are required to ensure that individual participants, sports organizations, and health care professionals recognize concussions and manage them proficiently according to internationally recognized guidelines. Therefore, this paper serves as a “brief report” on a few important aspects of concussion education and prevention.

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The Effects of a Web-Based Alcohol Prevention Program on Social Norms, Expectancies, and Intentions to Prevent Harm among College Student-Athletes

Melodie Fearnow-Kenney, David L. Wyrick, Jeffrey J. Milroy, Erin J. Reifsteck, Timothy Day, and Samantha E. Kelly

College athletes are at risk for heavy alcohol use, which jeopardizes their general health, academic standing, and athletic performance. Effective prevention programming reduces these risks by targeting theory-based intermediate factors that predict alcohol use while tailoring content to student-athletes. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the myPlaybook online prevention program on student-athletes’ social norms, negative alcohol expectancies, and intentions to use alcohol-related harm prevention strategies. NCAA Division II student-athletes were recruited from 60 institutions across the United States to complete myPlaybook and pretest/posttest surveys measuring demographics and targeted outcome variables. Participants were randomly assigned to the treatment group (pretest-program-posttest; final n = 647) or the delayed treatment “control” group (pretest-posttest-program; final n = 709). Results revealed significant program effects on social norms (p < .01) and intentions to use harm prevention strategies (p < .01), while the effect on negative alcohol expectancies was nonsignificant (p = .14). Implications for future research and practice are discussed.

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An Examination of Hazing in Canadian Intercollegiate Sports

Jay Johnson, Michelle D. Guerrero, Margery Holman, Jessica W. Chin, and Mary Anne Signer-Kroeker

. Overall, findings from Hamilton et al.’s study indicated that hazing is a highly prevalent phenomenon in Canadian university sports with the need for prevention strategies to address this persistent trend. However, several research questions pertaining to hazing in Canadian athletics still remain. In fact

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The Use of Orthotic Insoles to Prevent Lower Limb Overuse Injuries: A Critically Appraised Topic

Janie L. Kelly and Alison R. Valier

musculoskeletal disorders later in life. 1 , 7 , 8 Given the burden of LLOIs among physically active adults, it is important to identify an injury prevention strategy for this important population. Over the years, a variety of approaches have been proposed for prevention of LLOI that address various intrinsic or

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Sports Medicine Staff Size Influences Exertional Heat Illness Policies in High School Football

Riana R. Pryor, Douglas J. Casa, Susan W. Yeargin, and Zachary Y. Kerr

Key Points ▸ Schools with multiple athletic trainers implement more heat illness safety policies. ▸ Team physicians at football practices may enhance heat illness management strategies. ▸ Team physician presence may influence riskier heat illness prevention strategies. An estimated 9,200 high

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Collegiate Athletic Trainers’ Use of Behavioral Health Screening Tools

Taylor B. Chandler, Matthew J. Rivera, Elizabeth R. Neil, and Lindsey E. Eberman

, targeted prevention methods can be used for those identified. 10 Early prevention methods are important because it gives clinicians more time to identify symptoms and risks and intervene with referral as needed. 10 Participants that are using BH screening in practice expressed the value of screening

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Prevalence and Factors Associated With Injuries in Elite Spanish Volleyball

Álvaro Cuñado-González, Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti, and Ángel L. Rodríguez-Fernández

of this study were to describe the prevalence of injuries during 1 season in elite Spanish volleyball leagues and to identify the factors associated with volleyball injuries, including player court position, injury mechanism, type of shoes used when playing, and participation in prevention activities

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Sex and Maturation Differences in Performance of Functional Jumping and Landing Deficits in Youth Athletes

Azahara Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe, Ariadna Benet, Sergi Mirada, Alicia M. Montalvo, and Gregory D. Myer

Prevention of sports injuries, including anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, in youth is critical to the development and maintenance of long-term physical activity. 1 , 2 Low levels of physical activity are associated with high morbidity and long-term disability, 3 , 4 both of which

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Reliability of a Clinical Test for Measuring Eccentric Knee Flexor Strength Using a Handheld Dynamometer

Gabriel dos Santos Oliveira, João Breno de Araujo Ribeiro-Alvares, Felipe Xavier de Lima-e-Silva, Rodrigo Rodrigues, Marco Aurélio Vaz, and Bruno Manfredini Baroni

rehabilitation, 7 it is not uncommon for players to return to play with residual strength deficits following an HSI. 8 Therefore, eccentric knee flexor strength assessments have a key role in both prevention and rehabilitation of HSI. Isokinetic dynamometry is the gold standard method to assess eccentric knee

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Proprioceptive Training on Dynamic Neuromuscular Control in Fencers: A Clinical Trial

Gabriela Souza de Vasconcelos, Anelize Cini, and Cláudia Silveira Lima

prevention of ankle sprains. 27 , 29 This is probably due to the fact that the SEBT evaluates the different ankle muscle groups, since each direction presents a different muscular demand. It is possible to identify a greater demand for the plantar flexor muscles, in the anterior direction, in the lateral