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Andrew J. Higham, James A. Newman, Joseph A. Stone, and James L. Rumbold

The moral atmosphere of professional football teams has been questioned in recent times with a surge in reported cases of antisocial behavior ( BBC, 2019 ; Newman et al., 2021 ). However, these are not isolated cases, as antisocial behavior has been apparent for decades within professional

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Daniel Maderer, Petros Parganas, and Christos Anagnostopoulos

time. The present study was therefore an attempt to address the aforementioned research gaps. By including a period of three consecutive sport seasons and using 10 of Europe’s most valuable professional football brands from five different countries, we attempted to provide an understanding of how the

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Samuel Porter, Noora Ronkainen, Richard Sille, and Martin Eubank

(pseudonym Hannah) is a 21-year-old professional footballer playing for a team in the Football Association (FA) Women’s Championship. She spent most of her youth developing within her current club’s regional talent center and made a significant number of appearances for the first team across all competitions

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Nils Haller, Tobias Ehlert, Sebastian Schmidt, David Ochmann, Björn Sterzing, Franz Grus, and Perikles Simon

the player’s position. 2 In professional football settings, congested schedules lead to a high internal and external load, especially for elite teams and high-class players, which increases the risk of injury, fatigue, and performance decline. 3 – 5 Typically, postmatch fatigue and a performance

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Justin W.Y. Lee, Ming-Jing Cai, Patrick S.H. Yung, and Kai-Ming Chan

hamstring strength. The objectives of this study were to establish the test–retest reliability, validity, and sensitivity of a novel smartphone-based method designed for objective evaluation of hamstring strength among healthy male professional football players. Methods A cross-sectional study design was

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Misia Gervis, Helen Pickford, and Thomas Hau

Literature Review Although the prevalence or risk of mental health problems faced by current or former professional footballers is comparable to ( Rice et al., 2016 ) or if not greater than ( Gouttebarge, Frings-Dresen, & Sluiter, 2015 ; McManus, Bebbington, Jenkins, & Brugha, 2016 ; van Ramele

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Jamie Cleland, Stacey Pope, and John Williams

men’s professional football (as fans, coaches, referees, journalists, board members, and administrators) in the United Kingdom. In addressing Connell and Messerschmidt’s ( 2005 , p. 848) contention that we must understand “the agency of subordinated groups as much as the power of dominant groups

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Clayton Best

This study examines positional segregation in light of recent data documenting the increased participation by black players in professional football and describes the relationships between positional segregation and experience and positional segregation and career length. The primary sample was composed of 1,508 professional football players from the 1982 season. A secondary sample of 1,371 professional football players was used to study career length. The results indicate that positional segregation is still prevalent in professional football. The recent increase in participation by black players has occurred in positions that have been primarily black in the past and at linebacker. Whites are likely to have more experience in professional football than blacks, which is explained in part by the positions in which blacks and whites are most likely to play.

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Ryan Thomson, Danielle Carabello, Jamie Mansell, and Anne Russ

Clinical Scenario Concussive injuries are common in professional football, as 645 concussions were diagnosed during in the National Football League (NFL) from 2012–2015, 1 for an incidence rate of 0.66 concussions per game. 2 Furthermore, most NFL players report at least one concussion during

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Lee Baldock, Brendan Cropley, Rich Neil, and Stephen D. Mellalieu

environments within which they operate. One population that has received little attention to date is elite professional football coaches. This is perhaps surprising given that football coaches are thought to experience incomparable stressors associated with the need to obtain positive results, being under