, & Koshy, 2015 ), few studies to date have directly compared implicit and explicit programs to situate the relationship of each approach with program quality and PYD (e.g., Bean & Forneris, 2016 ). Such comparative studies are warranted to empirically support recent theoretical claims that an explicit
Sara Kramers, Martin Camiré and Corliss Bean
Corliss Bean, Majidullah Shaikh and Tanya Forneris
To progress research in the field of positive youth development (PYD), a deeper examination of the processes and practical strategies related to youth program delivery is needed ( Granger, 2010 ). Program quality—defined as the structures and processes of youth programs—is a crucial variable in
Corliss Bean and Tanya Forneris
The current case outlines practical strategies used by youth leaders to implement a female-only physical activity-based mentoring program. This program was selected as the case for the current paper as it scored the highest on program quality out of 26 different sport and physical activity-based youth programs within a larger project. The two program leaders were interviewed to understand what practical strategies they used to foster a high-quality program within this context. The leaders discussed how they: (a) focused on developing individualized relationships with youth, (b) balanced structure with flexibility to allow for youth voice, (c) intentionally integrated life skills, and (d) combined engaging activities with downtime to differentiate the program from school. This case provides a practical account of how front-line workers in youth mentoring programs, specifically within sport and physical activity contexts, can deliver a quality program. Reflection on areas for future work within the field of sport psychology, including ways to bridge the gap between research and practice and the need to develop communities of practice for youth programmers, are presented.
Gabriella M. McLoughlin, Kim C. Graber, Amelia M. Woods, Tom Templin, Mike Metzler and Naiman A. Khan
physical education. Despite the strong presence of physical education within the school curriculum, issues such as lack of time for collaboration and cuts to the school budget negatively impacted program quality. Daily physical education matters . Based on the responses of key stakeholders, daily physical
and morale influence faculty behavior and performance, which affect program quality, student learning, and research productivity. In addition, an important outcome of negative morale is faculty turnover. Theoretical models of voluntary turnover suggest that workplace factors (e.g., salary, peer
J. Dru Marshall and Marcel Bouffard
The primary purpose of this study was to document the actual gross movement competencies, as measured by the Test of Gross Motor Development, in obese versus nonobese children. A 2 Gender (male, female) × 2 Groups (obese, nonobese) × 2 Age Categories (Grade 1, Grade 4) × 2 Programs (quality daily physical education [QDPE], non-QDPE) completely randomized factorial design was used. A significant three-way interaction effect (Group × Age × Program) was found for the Locomotor Skills subscale, such that the difference in movement competency in locomotor skills between obese and nonobese children increased as children got older if they did not receive QPDE. A significant main program effect was also found for the Object Control Skills subscale, with the QDPE children scoring higher than the non-QDPE children. It appears, then, that QDPE programs offer a “protective” effect for the development of locomotor skills in obese children. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Meg G. Hancock and T. Christopher Greenwell
Higher education administrators have called on faculty to strategize ways in which to fill classroom seats, as well as recruit and retain diverse students. Understanding current student populations should be of increasing importance to sport management faculty as new programs are established at colleges and universities each year. A sample of 330 sport management students from introductory sport management courses at six different schools was surveyed to identify factors influencing their selection of a sport management major. Results indicate students select the sport management major because they have an interest in sport and working in the sport industry. Program quality and program convenience were also important selection factors. Women had lower salary perceptions and minority students had lower perceptions across most selection factors. Understanding these factors can help programs tailor their marketing and recruiting efforts in an effort to develop a more diverse classroom and workforce.
Bernardine M. Pinto, Bess H. Marcus, Robert B. Patterson, Mary Roberts, Andrea Colucci and Christina Braun
Exercise has been shown to improve walking ability in individuals with arterial claudication. This study compared the effects of an on-site supervised exercise program and a home exercise program on quality of life and psychological outcomes in these individuals. Sixty individuals were randomly assigned to a 12-week on-site or a 12-week home-based exercise program. Quality of life, mood and pain symptoms, and walking ability were examined at baseline, posttreatment, and at 6 months follow-up. Individuals in the on-site exercise program showed significantly greater improvements in walking ability. Although sample size limited the ability to detect significant differences between groups on quality of life and psychological measures, both groups were comparable on improvements in quality of life and in mood. These data suggest that a home exercise program with weekly feedback may provide improved quality of life and mood benefits for individuals with arterial claudication but does not provide improvements in walking equivalent to those provided by an on-site exercise program.
DIGEST VOLUME 6, ISSUE #1
.1080/10413200.2017.1413019 This study aimed to examine the differences in athlete-reported developmental experiences and outcomes based on program quality. Twenty-four sport programs were observed using the Program Quality Assessment in Youth Sport (PQAYS) observation tool, focusing on eight aspects of program quality. Athletes
Their Impact on Athletes’ Training and Expertise Development Rafael A. B. Tedesqui * Bradley W. Young * 20 04 2020 1 05 2020 7 2 127 138 10.1123/iscj.2018-0074 iscj.2018-0074 Examining Program Quality in a National Junior Golf Development Program Sara Kramers * Martin Camiré * Corliss Bean