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Carlos M. Cervantes and David L. Porretta

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of an after school physical activity intervention on adolescents with visual impairments within the context of Social Cognitive Theory. Four adolescents with visual impairments (1 female, 3 males) between 14 and 19 years of age from a residential school for the blind served as participants. We used a range-bound changing criterion single-subject design. Physical activity was measured using ActiGraph accelerometers. Questionnaires were used to obtain information on selected social cognitive theory constructs. Results show that the intervention exerted functional control over the target behaviors (e.g., leisure-time physical activity) during intervention phases. Similarly, changes in scores for selected social cognitive constructs, in particular for outcome expectancy value, suggest a positive relationship between those constructs and physical activity behavior. No maintenance effects were observed.

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Raphaël Laurin, Michel Nicolas and David Lavallee

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a personal goal-based intervention on positive and negative moods among young athletes at a soccer academy. Study participants (N =22) were randomized into either a treatment group, which participated in a personal goal-management program (Bouffard, Labelle, Dubé, & Lapierre, 1999), or a neutral-task control group. Participants’ mood states were measured every 3 weeks. Results indicated significant postintervention group differences in positive and negative moods states, with the treatment group reporting higher levels of positive moods and lower levels of negative moods. A significant within-group difference over time was also found for the treatment group, indicating an increase in positive mood states and decrease in negative mood states as the program progressed. Findings from this study are used to inform recommendations for sport psychology interventions that use specific goal management procedures to facilitate positive emotional states among young athletes.

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Jeffrey D. James

first thought about and reviewed what we have done and are trying to do at Florida State to prepare doctoral students. I provide information about the program at Florida State not to suggest others should replicate our efforts, but to have a starting point for discussion and program comparison. It also

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Ja Youn Kwon, Pamela H. Kulinna, Hans van der Mars, Audrey Amrein-Beardsley and Mirka Koro-Ljungberg

) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( 2013 ) have created a Comprehensive School PA Program (CSPAP) model to promote PA in all K–12 schools. CSPAP includes five components: (a) physical education, (b) PA during school, (c) PA before and after school, (d) staff involvement, and (e

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Lori A. Gano-Overway and Kristen Dieffenbach

teacher licensure. Unfortunately, Schoenstedt, Vickers, and Carr ( 2016 ) found that 43.8% of undergraduate physical education students in physical education teacher education (PETE) programs reported not having an opportunity to take coaching specific training during their academic studies. Additionally

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Julie D. Guldager, Anja Leppin, Jesper von Seelen and Pernille T. Andersen

implementation differ. An essential prerequisite for program effectiveness is successful implementation, but it is not uncommon that teachers encounter barriers in trying to integrate health promotion activities into their curricular routines. In particular, implementation of comprehensive and multidimensional

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Corliss Bean, Majidullah Shaikh and Tanya Forneris

To progress research in the field of positive youth development (PYD), a deeper examination of the processes and practical strategies related to youth program delivery is needed ( Granger, 2010 ). Program quality—defined as the structures and processes of youth programs—is a crucial variable in

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Woubeshet Ayenew, Emily C. Gathright, Ellen M. Coffey, Amber Courtney, Jodi Rogness and Andrew M. Busch

established psychiatric treatment settings may mitigate some of the access-related barriers to behavior change in SMI populations. Indeed, a behavioral intervention that connected to patients through outpatient psychiatric rehabilitation programs demonstrated promising effects on weight loss 9 and

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Miguel A. Sanchez-Lastra, Vicente de Dios Álvarez and Carlos Ayán Pérez

penal institutions design special programs that allow the performance of organized and guided PA with a health purpose—that is, physical exercise (PE). The promotion of PE would be facilitated by implementing the types of programs that can take place in prisons after identifying and interpreting their

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Jereme Wilroy and Elizabeth Hibberd

risk for impingement. 22 As discussed previously, studies have identified specific variables that may result in altered kinematics that lead to impingement, which can provide valuable information to create an effective intervention program that addresses muscle imbalances and tightness to indirectly