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Lori A. Gano-Overway, Sarah Carson Sackett, Janet Wigglesworth, and Madelynn E. Knight

studies exist that present comprehensive program evaluations of HEI coach education programs and how they are used to document program outcomes or improve programming. A variety of definitions have emerged for program evaluation; however, one definition of program evaluation associated with standards for

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Kyrah K. Brown, Jerrise Smith, Tamaya N. Bailey, Gennel Ortiz, Xiangli Gu, and Priscila Tamplain

, 2014 ). The qualitative program evaluation design and data analysis approach are appropriate for the exploratory and interpretive nature of the research question ( Patton, 2014 ; Tayabas et al., 2014 ). Method Philosophical Foundation A qualitative study’s axiological (what do we value?), ontological

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Deborah Johnson-Shelton, Jeanette Ricci, Erika Westling, Missy Peterson, and Julie C. Rusby

’ attitudes and practices to those recommended by the National Association of Sports and Physical Education’s (NASPE) to promote the quality of PE instruction among classroom teachers. The purpose of this study was to perform a program evaluation for the Healthy Moves ™ TIR professional development PE

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Kerri Bodin, Georgia Teare, Jordan T. Bakhsh, and Marijke Taks

pilot programs. The Montréal pilot program occurred over the course of 4 weeks. Baseball5 ™ Program Evaluation Given the purpose and the main questions that Alex and Baseball Canada had determined for the project, Alex decided to evaluate the Baseball5 ™ program by conducting surveys with all the

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I. Roy Hunter, Ronald P. Reynolds, and M. Laura Williams

The purpose of this article is to introduce practitioners involved in the provision of adapted activity service to the elaboration model of data analysis. The authors contend that the use of the elaboration model for the analysis of program evaluation data: (a) can be used by activity specialists who do not have extensive training in statistics, and (b) can increase the potential for the production of empirically based programmatic recommendations from such data.

The example presented herein involves the secondary analysis of data collected during the evaluation of a child life activity program. The original study concluded that the children studied showed less regressive behavior on nights that the child life program was offered. The findings from the secondary analysis enabled the identification of children who were: (a) more likely to experience regressive behavior, and (b) more likely to be responsive to existing child life programs. It was concluded that the use of the elaboration model significantly increased the value of recommendations which were derived from the data.

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Maxine E. Whelan, Liz Carlin, Hayley Musson, and Emma J. Adams

/physicians and nurses. In another program evaluation, it was revealed that the largest number of bookings was from nurses, followed by support workers and physiotherapists. 33 The online delivery format of that evaluation also enabled monitoring of completion rates, which demonstrated that Dieticians ranked

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Ja’mese V. Booth, Sarah E. Messiah, Eric Hansen, Maria I. Nardi, Emily Hawver, Hersila H. Patel, Hannah Kling, Deidre Okeke, and Emily M. D’Agostino

park-based afterschool settings, 27 , 36 , 41 limited research has tested the effectiveness of afterschool park-based programs to increase MVPA using objective measures. 48 Prior studies conducting program evaluations have drawn from observational data to verify MVPA implementation, 2 , 44 , 46 , 49

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Fuzhong Li, Peter Harmer, K. John Fisher, Junheng Xu, Kathleen Fitzgerald, and Naruepon Vongjaturapat

The primary objective of this study was to provide preliminary evaluation of the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a newly developed Tai Chi-based exercise program for older adults with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Using a one-group pretest-posttest design, 17 community-dwelling adults (mean age 71.51 years) with mild to moderate idiopathic PD (Stage I, II, or III on the Hoehn and Yahr scale) and stable medication use completed a 5-day, 90-min/day Tai Chi exercise-evaluation program. Outcome measures included face-to-face exit interviews on appropriateness and safety and physical performance (i.e., 50-ft speed walk, up-and-go, functional reach). At the end of this brief intervention, exercise adherence was 100% and the program was shown to be safe. Exit interviews indicated that the program was well received by all participants with respect to program appropriateness, participant satisfaction and enjoyment, and intentions to continue. Furthermore, a significant pretest-to-posttest change was observed at the end of the 5-day program in all three physical-performance measures (p < .05). The results of this pilot evaluation suggest that Tai Chi is an appropriate physical activity for older adults with PD and might also be useful as a therapeutic exercise modality for improving and maintaining physical function. These preliminary findings warrant further investigation.

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Maurice W. Martin, Sarah Martin, and Paul Rosengard


PE2GO is a self-contained physical education (PE) program that provides classroom teachers with the tools they need to lead developmentally appropriate PE lessons. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the PE2GO pilot programs in 6 school districts across the United States.


We used paper and pencil surveys at pre intervention (n = 114) and mid intervention (n = 94) and an electronic survey at post intervention (n = 65). In addition an electronic survey was sent to administrators at preintervention (n = 18); focus groups were conducted with teachers at mid intervention for a broader perspective. The study took place September 2004 through May 2005.


Results indicate that teachers were satisfied with the PE2GO program and the perceived effects it had on their students. Teachers reported that students increased their time engaged in physical activity (128.7−181.1 minutes per week pre-to-post intervention). Administrator support was important (ie, associated with improvement), but not always present.


In conclusion, the PE2GO program holds promise for the concept of providing in-class physical activity opportunities for students.

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Trisha S. Gavin and Anita M. Myers

The article profiles older adults who join Tai Chi and line-dancing beginner classes. Enrollment, attendance, and dropout patterns of 41 classes from 8 recreation and senior centers and 4 Taoist Tai Chi societies were tracked over a full calendar year. Enrollment was highest in the fall. Average attendance over the 8- to 12-week sessions was 72% for Tai Chi and 68% for line dancing; average dropout rates were 23% and 10%, respectively. Entry surveys and exit interviews were completed by 221 and 107 participants, respectively. Older adults who join these community classes tend to be predominantly women, Caucasian, in their mid-60s, relatively healthy, and physically active. Most in Tai Chi joined for fitness and health, whereas many line dancers joined for social reasons. Although the classes were designated as beginner classes, participants varied in level of experience. Continued participation was related to expectations, past experience, and perceived ease of learning the movements.