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Kyra Hamilton and Katherine M. White


Parents are at risk for physical inactivity; however, few studies have designed physical activity (PA) interventions specifically applied to individuals with young children. To ensure the effectiveness of interventions, it may be useful to first elicit the needs from the target population and incorporate salient strategies identified to the design and delivery of a resultant intervention. We aimed to explore strategies for what to include in and how to best deliver a program designed to increase parental PA.


Twelve parents (6 mothers, 6 fathers) of children younger than 5 years participated in focus group discussions exploring strategies for an intervention program designed to increase parental PA.


A range of themes such as Focus on the Children and Flexible Life/Family Plans imbedded in strategies such as persuasion and information, problem-solving, skill building, and environmental approaches were identified. In addition, a range of strategies for how to best deliver a parental PA intervention evidenced in emerging themes such as Diverse and Brief and Individualized Approach was discussed.


Future research should continue to adopt a ground up, community-based approach to the development and implementation of interventions for this at-risk group to ensure sustained involvement in regular PA.

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Barry Lavay

A systematic management program is often needed to control student behavior or elicit their optimum level of performance. One management system that is beginning to receive attention in physical education is the application of physical activity reinforcement (McKenzie, 1979; Siedentop, 1983). This system of reinforcement is defined as a systematic procedure in which a structured time to choose among various physical education activities is contingent on the individual’s meeting a predetermined criterion of behavior. The following discussion of the research conducted on program strategies and benefits utilizing physical activity reinforcement will enable practitioners to incorporate such a management system into their physical education program.

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Suzan F. Ayers and Amelia Mays Woods

Background/Purpose: This aspect of this study examined physical education teacher education (PETE) program coordinators’ perspectives on their role in student recruitment, including common recruitment strategies and their effectiveness, perceived barriers to engaging in program recruitment, and commonly used marketing strategies. Method: Data were collected from 175 PETE program coordinators through the online survey described fully in Chapter 4 of this monograph. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and one-way analyses of variance. Results: Strategies perceived as effective in recruiting high school students were moderately associated with those most often implemented (r = .46–.50). Some limited differences by Carnegie level were found related to reported barriers to participation in recruitment activities. Discussion/Conclusion: This study reveals general consistency between PETE coordinators’ perceptions of the most effective and frequently used recruitment strategies to attract students into PETE initial licensure programs. Strategies, barriers, and suggested future directions align with much of the PETE recruitment literature.

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Douglas M. Carroll

The emergence of single-sport cable channels represents a refinement of the allsports cable-channel concept and a new trend in the televised-sport marketplace. This study analyzed the contents of 24 continuous hours of programming on Golf Channel and tabulated the number and types of advertisements to better understand commercial programming strategies and practices. Commercial programming elements such as spot commercials, spot promotions, sponsored graphics, pop-up promotions, mentions, infomercials, and public service announcements were identified. In addition, commercial programming during live tournament coverage was compared with golf telecasts at 2 broadcast networks and an all-sports cable channel. The study measured 3 indicators of the amount of advertising presented in the telecasts: the number of commercial minutes per hour, the number of advertisements per hour, and the average duration of spot commercials. Results of the study were interpreted in terms of advertising clutter.

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Ja Youn Kwon, Pamela H. Kulinna, Hans van der Mars, Audrey Amrein-Beardsley and Mirka Koro-Ljungberg

, with only one element in Standard 6 focusing on PETE candidates gaining knowledge about expanded PA programming strategies. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to explore current practice relative to CSPAP preparation in PETE programs in the United States. Given the increasing emphasis on

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Zachary Wahl-Alexander, Matthew D. Curtner-Smith and Oleg A. Sinelnikov

workshop session was approximately four hours in duration with short breaks after each hour. The first author delivered the training program. Strategies that were employed during the training program were drawn from the literature on effective professional development ( Alexander & Taggart, 1995 ; Armour

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Alison B. Pritchard Orr, Kathy Keiver, Chris P. Bertram and Sterling Clarren

achievements and strengths ( BC Ministry of Education, 2017 ). These tenets were paramount in the FAST Club programming strategy. Therefore, FAST Club was developed as an individualized PA program based on each child’s PA strengths and personalized activity choices. Program Design The Bruininks–Oseretsky Test

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Leisha Strachan, Tara-Leigh McHugh and Courtney Mason

Exercise , 21 , 115 – 124 . doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.03.001 10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.03.001 Blodgett , A.T. , Schinke , R.J. , Fisher , L.A. , Yungblut , H.E. , Recollet-Saikkonen , D. , Peltier , D. , . . . Pickard , P. ( 2010 ). Praxis and community-level sport programming

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Patti Millar and Alison Doherty

capacity (facility scheduling) • Human resource capacity (skilled executive members) • Financial capacity (money for advertising) • External relations capacity (reputation of recreational programs) Strategies • Approached local university and college curlers to fill instructor roles • Shifted funds from