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Rebekah D. Alcock, Gregory C. Shaw and Louise M. Burke

amounts (∼3 g) of leucine, as found in whey protein, in conjunction with other amino acid building blocks may maximize the synthesis of skeletal muscle protein in response to exercise ( Atherton et al., 2017 ; Phillips, 2014 ). Alternatively, amino acids abundant in collagen protein, such as proline and

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Dana M. Lis and Keith Baar

behind their hype. Gelatin and HC have a similar amino acid profile and are particularly high in glycine, proline, hydroxyproline, hydroxylysine, and arginine ( Eastoe, 1955 ). Gelatin is isolated from the collagen within the skin, tendons, ligaments, and bone of cattle, fish, or pigs through boiling

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Rebekah D. Alcock, Gregory C. Shaw, Nicolin Tee, Marijke Welvaert and Louise M. Burke

collagen synthesis, potentially enhancing the growth and/or repair of connective tissues ( Curtis, 2016 ). Among the nutrients known to be involved in collagen synthesis, there is emerging evidence regarding the key roles played by the amino acids abundantly present in collagen protein (such as proline and

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Graeme L. Close, Craig Sale, Keith Baar and Stephane Bermon

increase in collagen function with increasing doses of copper. Therefore, the goal for copper intake should approximate the RDA of ∼1 mg·kg −1 ·day −1 . Glycine Fibrillar collagens are a repeating tripeptide of glycine-X-proline/hydroxyproline, where X represents any amino acid other than glycine and

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Paulo Sugihara Junior, Alex S. Ribeiro, Hellen C.G. Nabuco, Rodrigo R. Fernandes, Crisieli M. Tomeleri, Paolo M. Cunha, Danielle Venturini, Décio S. Barbosa, Brad J. Schoenfeld and Edilson S. Cyrino

.75 0.61 Histidine 1.89 0.66 Isoleucine 6.94 2.42 Leucine 10.99 3.84 Lysine 10.44 3.65 Methionine 2.38 0.83 Phenylalanine 3.02 1.05 Proline 6.97 0.28 Serine 5.43 1.9 Threonine 7.82 0.27 Tryptophan 1.62 0.56 Tyrosine 2.92 1.02 Valine 6.23 2.18 Dietary Intake Participants were instructed by a dietitian to

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Fernando Naclerio, Eneko Larumbe-Zabala, Mar Larrosa, Aitor Centeno, Jonathan Esteve-Lanao and Diego Moreno-Pérez

.79 – Histidine (g) 0.48 – Isoleucine (g) 1.16 – Leucine (g) 1.76 – Lysine (g) 1.82 – Methionine (g) 0.45 – L -Ornitine 0.02 – Phenylalanine (g) 0.67 – Proline (g) 1.08 – Serine (g) 0.88 – L -Taurine 0.02 – Threonine (g) 1.13 – Tryptophan (g) 0.28 – Tyrosine (g) 0.58 – Valine (g) 1.13 – Total EAA (g) 10.64 – Heme

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Christopher Tack, Faye Shorthouse and Lindsy Kass

methods programme, Version 1 b92 . Lancashire, UK : Lancaster University . doi:10.13140/2.1.1018.4643 10.13140/2.1.1018.4643 Raynaud-Simon , A. , Belabed , L. , Le Naour , G. , Marc , J. , Capron , F. , Cynober , L. , & Darquy , S. ( 2012 ). Arginine plus proline supplementation elicits