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Harry Prapavessis and Albert V. Carron

One purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between cohesion and competitive state anxiety (A-state). If a cohesion-competition A-state relationship was obtained, the second purpose was to determine whether the perceived psychological benefits and/or psychological costs of cohesiveness mediate that relationship. In order to examine these issues, a sample of interactive sport-team athletes (N = 110) completed the Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ; Carron, Widmeyer, & Brawley, 1985) and items related to the perceived psychological benefits and costs of membership in cohesive groups. In addition, athletes completed the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory–2 (CSAI-2; Martens, Burton, Vealey, Bump, & Smith, 1990) prior to competition. Results showed that cohesion was related to A-state responses (p < .004). Specifically, individuals holding higher perceptions of task cohesion reported less cognitive A-state. Results also showed that psychological costs associated with membership on cohesive teams mediates the cohesion–A-state relationship.

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Bård Erlend Solstad, Andreas Ivarsson, Ellen Merethe Haug and Yngvar Ommundsen

needs ( Legate et al., 2013 , 2015 ). Facing the Consequences of Sports Coaching That Hurt Athletes Past research in the field of sport psychology has mainly suggested that athletes suffer psychological costs when they perceive controlling and ego-involving coach behaviors ( Ntoumanis, 2012 ; Roberts

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Mistakes: Effects of Coach and Player Social Influence on Increasing Player Intention to Intervene with Teammates Kevin S. Spink * Kayla Fesser * 1 05 2018 5 2 116 123 10.1123/iscj.2017-0054 iscj.2017-0054 Youth Sport Coaches’ Well-Being Across the Season: The Psychological Costs and Benefits of Giving

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K. Andrew R. Richards, Nicholas Washburn and Ye Hoon Lee

labor and job satisfaction, Hochschild ( 1983 ) stated that emotional labor can negatively affect workers’ job satisfaction when they perceive that their internal feelings become commoditized. Individuals who engage in surface acting experience the psychological costs of emotional dissonance, a

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Joshua D. Vadeboncoeur, Trevor Bopp and John N. Singer

, and psychological costs incurred by indigenous scholars and scholars of color and toward a theoretical understanding of whiteness as a pervasive antecedent of both scientific investigation and researcher approach ( Bonilla-Silva & Zuberi, 2008 ). In other words, whether it be through our research

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Elizabeth A. Taylor, Molly Hayes Sauder and Cheryl R. Rode

psychological costs ( Demerouti, Bakker, Nachreiner, & Schaufeli, 2001 ). Examples of job demands include physical workload, time pressure, features of the physical environment, and contact with clients or customers ( Demerouti et al., 2001 ). Job resources, on the other hand, are the elements of a job that