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David J. Blakelock, Mark A. Chen, and Tim Prescott

Elite adolescent soccer players may represent one athletic population that is vulnerable to developing psychological distress following deselection. This study examined the proportion of players experiencing clinical levels of psychological distress following selection procedures and whether player status (i.e., deselected vs. retained) had a significant effect on psychological distress. Data was collected from 91 players who completed the General Health Questionnaire -12 at three time points: 7–14 days before selection procedures, 7 days after and 21 days after. Although outcomes were heterogeneous, a sizable proportion of deselected players were found to experience clinical levels of psychological distress. A factorial ANOVA (p < .001) found that deselected players experienced higher levels of psychological distress than retained players at postselection time points. The research provides evidence that some deselected players are “at risk” of developing clinical levels of psychological distress. Clinical implications and recommendations for future research are discussed.

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Susana Carrapatoso, Greet Cardon, Delfien Van Dyck, Joana Carvalho, and Freja Gheysen

reduced risk of psychological distress. By contrast, lack of social support was also associated with psychological distress in older adults ( Boen, Dalgard, & Bjertness, 2012 ). There is also empirical evidence showing that social support is related to physical activity (PA) and exercise. Social support

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Camille Sabourin, Stéphanie Turgeon, Laura Martin, Scott Rathwell, Mark Bruner, John Cairney, and Martin Camiré

health is influenced by biological, psychological, social, economic, and environmental factors that interact in complex ways, meaning that the direction of causality is rarely straightforward ( Barry, 2009 ). One commonly studied component of mental health is psychological distress ( Marsh et al., 2018

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Lindsey E. Slavin, Tess M. Palmateer, Trent A. Petrie, and E. Whitney G. Moore

anxiety and 20% (11.7% male and 22.5% female) with depression ( ACHA-NCHA II, 2019 ). Despite these high levels of psychological distress in this cohort, the use of mental health counseling remains low ( Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2018 ). Among young adults aged 18–25 years

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Martin J. Turner, Stuart Carrington, and Anthony Miller

athlete mental health. Given the importance of mental health in athletes, and the recent call to action within the sport psychology domain ( MacIntyre et al., 2016 ), the present study seeks to advance the knowledge base concerning the antecedents of psychological distress in athletes. Psychological

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Jessica Murphy, Christopher Gladney, and Philip Sullivan

found that 20% of student athletes reported psychological distress scores indicative of severe mental illness ( Sullivan, Blacker, Murphy, & Cairney, 2019 ). These distress scores were significantly higher than in nonstudent athletes and the general population, highlighting the increased vulnerability

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Pia-Maria Wippert and Jens Wippert

As career termination is an incisive event in life, it is therefore important to understand the effects of different types of retirement on an athlete’s biography. Thus, the present longitudinal study is concerned with the effects of career termination of professional national team-athletes on the development of psychopathological symptoms, locus of control, self-concept, and mood, with special consideration of the mediator variable “subjective control of event-onset.” Data were collected from 42 professional athletes (17 of whom experienced an unexpected dismissal and 4 voluntarily retired) using standardized questionnaires (SCL-90-R, ASTS, FKK) 10 days before event entrance (baseline-test), 10 days after, 3 weeks after, and 5.5 months after onset of career termination. Although the baseline data did not reveal personality differences between the groups, dismissed athletes showed significantly stronger psychological distress after event onset. They displayed a stronger initial reaction, a more severe crisis, and longer transition periods than the control group. Results are discussed in connection with the combination of social evaluative threat and forced failure during event onset and their strong effects on distress after career termination.

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Ben Laslett and Mark Uphill

& Shaffer, 2008 ) for the separable components of mental illness and mental health (in Keyes’ terms), given that mental illness is a contested term, Uphill et al. ( 2016 ) argued that the term psychological distress may be more inclusive and less stigmatizing, and that there is a value from a practitioner

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Sinéad O’Keeffe, Niamh Ní Chéilleachair, and Siobhán O’Connor

issues, 13 which highlights the extent of psychological distress postinjury. Research to date has shown that elite male Gaelic footballers who have sustained 1 or more severe musculoskeletal injuries during their career increase their chances of experiencing symptoms of psychological distress compared

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Emma S. George, Louisa Jorm, Gregory S. Kolt, Hilary Bambrick, and Sanja Lujic

Physical activity is an important factor in healthy aging and has been shown to reduce depressive symptoms. This association, however, is relatively understudied in older men. This study was a cross-sectional analysis of the association between physical activity (Active Australia Survey) and psychological distress (Kessler-10). Participants were a sample of 17,689 men age ≥65 yr drawn from a large-scale Australian cohort study of people age 45 years and over (The 45 and Up Study). The likelihood of reporting high or very high levels of psychological distress decreased with increasing weekly sessions of physical activity. Compared with participants reporting no sessions of physical activity, the fully adjusted odds ratio for high or very high psychological distress was .66 (95% CI .51–.85) for men who undertook 1–6 sessions of physical activity per week and decreased to .57 (95% CI, .43–.79) for men who reported 16 or more weekly sessions. The cross-sectional findings show that older men who are more active are less likely to report psychological distress, regardless of their level of functional limitation. Further research, informed by these findings, is required to investigate causal pathways and the temporal sequence of events.