factors. 1 Currently, there are no guidelines or recommendations for ATs to address the psychological concerns of athletes with psychological interventions for injury prevention purposes. The critical appraisal sought to provide insight in an underutilized area of AT to provide some practical
Psychological Interventions Can Reduce Injury Risk in Athletes: A Critically Appraised Topic
Shauna Ericksen, Geoff Dover, and Richard DeMont
“Short and Sweet”: A Randomized Controlled Initial Investigation of Brief Online Psychological Interventions With Endurance Athletes
Carla Meijen, Alister McCormick, Paul A. Anstiss, and Samuele M. Marcora
feasible (see Meijen et al., 2020 ), and so it is important to consider ways that may allow endurance athletes to continue in the face of these demands. Psychological strategies can be used for this, and psychological interventions can be used to develop psychological strategies. Recreational endurance
Effects of a Motivational Self-Talk Intervention for Endurance Athletes Completing an Ultramarathon
Alister McCormick, Carla Meijen, and Samuele Marcora
effects of psychological interventions such as PST on performance in actual endurance events, and these studies showed equivocal intervention effects ( McCormick, Meijen, & Marcora, 2015 ). People typically perform better in endurance tasks when competing ( McCormick et al., 2015 ). Further, athletes need
Psychological Interventions with Athletes in Competitive Situations: A Review
Michael J. Greenspan and Deborah L. Feltz
Although sport psychologists utilize numerous interventions and techniques intended to enhance the performance of athletes in competition, the selection of those interventions has not always been based on research for which adequate validity has been established. In an attempt to provide sport psychologists with a working body of accurate knowledge and suggestions for future intervention research, an analysis and synthesis of research is presented that addresses the efficacy of different psychological interventions with athletes performing in competitive situations in the sport in which they regularly compete. From information reported in 19 published studies, covering 23 interventions, it was concluded that educational relaxation-based interventions and remedial cognitive restructuring interventions with individual athletes are, in general, effective.
Short-Term Psychological Intervention: A Study of Long-Term-injured Competitive Athletes
To explore the effectiveness of psychological interventions for a sample of competitive athletes with long-term injuries.
Modified 2-group, pretreatment and posttreatment (repeated measure).
58 patients, 14 in the experimental group and 44 in the control group.
Three intervention strategies: stress management and cognitive control, goal-setting skills, and relaxation/guided imagery.
Main Outcome Measure:
Mood level was used as the outcome variable.
The experimental group had a higher overall mood level at the midpoint and end of rehabilitation and were also feeling more ready for competition than the control group was, both as rated by themselves and by the treating physiotherapist The only strategy to show statistical differences was relaxation/guided imagery.
The results of this study support the idea that a short-term intervention has the potential to elevate mood levels in competitive athletes with long-term injuries.
Perceptions of Psychological Interventions in the Context of Sport Injury Rehabilitation
Britton W. Brewer, Karin E. Jeffers, Albert J. Petitpas, and Judy L. Van Raalte
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate perceptions of three different psychological interventions in the context of sport injury rehabilitation. In Experiment 1, college students (N = 161) rated their perceptions of goal setting, imagery, or counseling as an adjunct to physical therapy for a hypothetical injured athlete. In Experiment 2, injured athletes (N = 20) received brief introductory sessions of goal setting, imagery, and counseling. Subjects’ perceptions were assessed immediately following each intervention. In both experiments, subjects displayed a preference for goal setting, although positive perceptions were obtained for all three interventions. Females’ perceptions of the interventions were significantly more positive than those of males in Experiment 1, but not in Experiment 2. The findings suggest that goal setting, imagery, and counseling are sufficiently credible to be examined in controlled outcome studies with injured athletes.
Integrating Mindfulness to Reduce Injury Rates in Athletes: A Critically Appraised Topic
Elaine Reiche, Kevin Lam, Francesca Genoese, and Shelby Baez
coping resources are antecedents to injury risk. Identifying a psychological intervention that can be included in injury prevention programs to address the antecedents of injury described by the Stress and Injury Model 9 , 11 is needed to provide a more comprehensive, patient-centered approach to
Counseling Goals of Athletes During Injury Rehabilitation: A Descriptive Analysis
Jacob R. Schlierf, Trevor S. Jaskiw, Britton W. Brewer, and Judy L. Van Raalte
) occurring across the phases of the sport injury rehabilitation process ( Beneka et al., 2007 ) are sometimes neglected. To address the potential adverse effects of sport injury on psychological functioning, a variety of psychological interventions have been developed and implemented to support athletes
Effects of Mindfulness Practice on Performance and Factors Related to Performance in Long-Distance Running: A Systematic Review
Linda Corbally, Mick Wilkinson, and Melissa A. Fothergill
should be directed at examining the ability of psychological interventions to reduce the psychological demands of endurance sports ( McCormick, Meijen, & Marcora, 2018 ). The support for PST techniques has been equivocal, with performance benefits suggested as limited ( Moore, 2009 ). Nevertheless, one
Working in the “Villas” of Buenos Aires: Cultural Considerations
Stephanie J. Hanrahan
People who live in the villas (i.e., slums) of Buenos Aires are confronted with poverty, poor and dangerous living conditions, and discrimination. Ten weeks were spent in the villas delivering a program designed to enhance life satisfaction and self-worth through games and the development of mental skills. The purpose of this paper is not to report on the content or the effectiveness of the program, but rather to explore the variables within Argentina and the villas as well as my own cultural biases that may have influenced the delivery of a psychological intervention program. Argentine factors include a high prevalence of psychologists and a psychoanalytic focus. Characteristics of the villas include environmental factors (e.g., transportation issues, sanitation), logistical issues (e.g., venues, access to writing implements), and psychological matters (e.g., hopelessness, different perceptions of confidence). Practitioner concerns included limited familiarity with life in the villas and having values that might be different from those of the participants. The discussion includes recommendations for others who are considering working in similar cultural and contextual situations.