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Clara Teixidor-Batlle, Carles Ventura Vall-llovera, Justine J. Reel, and Ana Andrés

psychometric analysis for the Spanish-language version showed that the best fit for the data was a nine-item, two-factor solution. The two factors generated by the EFA in Group 1 and then confirmed by CFA in Group 2 were pressures from coaches and teammates about weight and body and appearance pressure from

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Robert W. Schutz, Frank L. Smoll, and Terry M. Wood

Simon and Smoll's (1974) inventory for assessing children's attitudes toward physical activity (CATPA) has been used in numerous studies of children's at-titudinal dispositions and their relationships to a variety of situational and dispositional variables. Recent research revealing low attitude-behavior relationships and instability across time has raised questions about the psychometric properties of the CATPA inventory. The purpose of this research was to psychometrically analyze the six attitude subdomains of this semantic differential inventory and derive recommendations for its modification. The first of three studies reported herein included a four-phase analysis of the CATPA scores of 1,752 children, the results of which indicated that (a) three of the original eight bipolar adjectives were not good discriminators, (b) internal consistencies were high and were not improved by reciprocal average reweighting, and (c) a seven-factor structure emerged, differing from the underlying six-factor theoretical model. In Study 2 a revised CATPA inventory was administered to 1,895 boys and girls. The findings supported the inventory revisions and suggested the necessity for dichotomizing one of the six original attitude sub-domains. Study 3 incorporated the derived rescoring procedures in the reanalysis of earlier attitudinal investigations. Results revealed that modifying the scales neither changed the nature or strength of attitude-behavior relationships nor did it affect the intraindividual stability of CATPA over a period of time. The revised CATPA inventory was deemed to be an improvement over the original instrument because of its superior psychometric characteristics and reduced length, thereby making it more efficient for administrative purposes.

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Travis Anderson, Amy R. Lane, and Anthony C. Hackney

The cortisol awakening response (CAR) is commonly used as a marker of psychological stress; however, it is unknown whether CAR is affected by regular physical-exercise-induced stress. Purpose: To assess the relationship between training load and CAR. Methods: Recreational endurance athletes were recruited from local running clubs. Subjects (n = 15) completed training logs for 2 wk, with various training loads, including psychometric analysis (Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes). Subjects provided saliva samples each day immediately after waking and 30 min postwaking. Samples were analyzed for cortisol concentration via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and subsequently were analyzed for CAR and CAR%. Daily training load was calculated and analyzed as training impulse. Simple linear regression was used to assess the relationship between CAR and training impulse. Results: CAR (r 2 = .352, P = .025) and CAR% (r 2 = .373, P = .012) both showed a significant negative relationship with training load. Conclusions: These results suggest that CAR is affected by regular exercise training loads in recreational athletes. It is recommended that future CAR research control for fitness level and exercise training load in physically active populations.

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Mackenzie Holman, Madeline P. Casanova, and Russell T. Baker

practice. In particular, psychometric analysis of the DPA SF-8 has not been performed using a sample of participants who only answered the 8 items; thus, the possible responses to the 8 items retained may have been influenced by the additional 8 items subsequently removed to create the DPA SF-8

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Ayse Meydanlioglu and Ayse Ergun

 al 29 to evaluate the physical activity levels of primary school pupils, aged 8–14, who were in grades 4 to 8. The reliability study of this questionnaire was conducted by Crocker et al, 29 validity study by Kowalski et al, 30 and Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient was .80. The psychometric

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Chris Wagstaff, Rebecca Hings, Rebecca Larner, and David Fletcher

doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1184299 10.1080/02640414.2016.1184299 Campbell-Sills , L. , & Stein , M.B. ( 2007 ). Psychometric analysis and refinement of the Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC): Validation of a 10-item measure of resilience . Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20 ( 6 ), 1019

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Jorge Zamarripa, René Rodríguez-Medellín, and Fernándo Otero-Saborido

.4324/9781410610218 Burgueño , R. , Sánchez-Gallardo , I. , Macarro-Moreno , J. , Lirola , M.-J. , & Medina-Casaubón , J. ( 2019 ). Examining maladaptive functioning in physical education: A psychometric analysis of the psychological need thwarting scale among Spanish secondary students . Perceptual and Motor

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Wesley J. Wilson, Steven K. Holland, Justin A. Haegele, and K. Andrew R. Richards

. , & Stein , M.B. ( 2007 ). Psychometric analysis and refinement of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC): Validation of a 10-item measure of resilience . Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20 ( 6 ), 1019 – 1028 . PubMed ID: 18157881 doi:10.1002/jts.20271 10.1002/jts.20271 Cohen , J. ( 1988

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Karin Moesch, Andreas Ivarsson, and Urban Johnson

). Psychometric analysis of the Swedish translation of the WHO well-being index . Quality of Life Research, 23, 293 – 297 . doi:10.1007/s11136-013-0447-0 10.1007/s11136-013-0447-0 Löwe , B. , Wahl , I. , Rose , M. , Spitzer , C. , Glaesmer , H. , Wingenfeld , K. , . . . Brähler , E. ( 2010

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Breanna Drew and James Matthews

-012-9095-8 10.1007/s12310-012-9095-8 Campbell-Sills , L. , & Stein , M.B. ( 2007 ). Psychometric analysis and refinement of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC): Validation of a 10-item measure of resilience . Journal of Traumatic Stress, 20 , 1019 – 1028 . PubMed ID: 18157881 doi:10.1002/jts