This study examined the effectiveness of a longitudinal 5C coaching intervention (Harwood, 2008), focused on promoting behavioral responses associated with commitment, communication, concentration, control, and confidence in youth soccer players. Five players, their parents and a youth academy soccer coach participated in a single-case multiple-baseline across individuals design with multiple treatments. Following baseline, the coach received sequential education in the principles of each C subsequent to integrating relevant strategies in their coaching sessions. During the five intervention phases, players completed assessments of their behavior in training associated with each C, triangulated with observationbased assessments by the coach and the players’ parents. Results indicated psychosocial improvements with cumulative increases in positive psychosocial responses across the intervention for selected players. Changes in player behavior were also corroborated by parent and coach data in conjunction with postintervention social validation. Findings are discussed with respect to the processes engaged in the intervention, and the implications for practitioners and applied researchers.
Chris G. Harwood, Jamie B. Barker and Richard Anderson
Justin W.L. Keogh, Nicola Power, Leslie Wooller, Patricia Lucas and Chris Whatman
This mixed-methods, quasi-experimental pilot study examined whether the Nintendo Wii Sports (NWS) active video game (exergame) system could significantly improve the functional ability, physical activity levels, and quality of life of 34 older adults (4 men and 30 women, 83 ± 8 yr) living in 2 residential aged-care (RAC) centers. Change score analyses indicated the intervention group had significantly greater increases in bicep curl muscular endurance, physical activity levels, and psychological quality of life than the control group (p < .05). Analysis of the quotes underlying the 3 themes (feeling silly, feeling good; having fun; and something to look forward to) suggested that intervention group participants developed a sense of empowerment and achievement after some initial reluctance and anxiousness. They felt that the games were fun and provided an avenue for greater socialization. These results add some further support to the utilization of NWS exergames in the RAC context.
Shelby Waldron, J.D. DeFreese, Brian Pietrosimone, Johna Register-Mihalik and Nikki Barczak
health outcomes, primarily injury risk, leaving a gap in knowledge surrounding psychosocial outcomes, such as athlete burnout ( Baker et al., 2009 ; Jayanthi, LaBella, Fischer, Pasulka, & Dugas, 2015 ). According to Côté, Baker, and Abernathy ( 2007 ) in their Developmental Model of Sport Participation
Scott Rathwell and Bradley W. Young
’ personal and psychosocial development within recreational (e.g., Falcão, Bloom, & Gilbert, 2012 ; Weiss, Stuntz, Bhalla, Bolter, & Price, 2013 ), high school (e.g., Hayden et al., 2015 ; Kendellen & Camiré, 2015 ), and high performance (e.g., Strachan, Côté, & Deakin, 2011 ; Wilkes & Côté, 2010
Laura A. Dwyer, Minal Patel, Linda C. Nebeling and April Y. Oh
promotion of mental health. 2 Understanding factors that promote PA and are potentially malleable via interventions is crucial. Variables to consider in these efforts include psychosocial and environmental attributes, such as features of one’s neighborhood. The interplay of psychosocial and environmental
Megan S. Farris, Kerry S. Courneya, Rachel O’Reilly and Christine M. Friedenreich
; and psychosocial outcomes including stress, 7 anxiety, 8 , 10 depression, 11 self-esteem, and happiness. 12 It is unclear whether there is a dose–response effect associated with different amounts of physical activity and these psychosocial outcomes. Hence, we examined if high volume (300 min
Fabiana Medeiros de Almeida Silva and Aldemir Smith Menezes
, regardless of achieving the recommended levels of physical activity, excessive time spent in sedentary behavior promotes deleterious health effects, such as excess body weight, 6 poor eating habits, 7 abuse of alcohol or smoking, 8 psychosocial stress, 9 risk of coronary events, and mortality from all
Joseph J. Murphy, Ciaran MacDonncha, Marie H. Murphy, Niamh Murphy, Alan M. Nevill and Catherine B. Woods
Active, Active Leisure, and Active Job clusters. The clusters identified differed based on socioeconomic status, accelerometer measured PA, and psychosocial and environmental supports. It was suggested that more extensive transport infrastructure for walking and cycling might be needed to detect an
Sarah M. Lee, Allison Nihiser, Darcy Strouse, Barnali Das, Shannon Michael and Marian Huhman
Co-physical activity (between parents and children), as an outcome variable, and its correlates have not been examined previously. The purpose of this study was to investigate correlates of co-physical activity among a nationally representative sample of 9- to 13-year-old children and their parents.
Data were from the 2004 Youth Media Campaign Longitudinal Survey, a national survey of 5177 child-parent dyads. Parents of 9- to 13-year-old children were asked to report co-physical activity. Parents and children responded to a series of sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychosocial measures. Co-physical activity was treated as a dichotomous variable (ie, some or none). Logistic regression was used to assess associations of correlates directly and possible interactions between correlates.
More than three-quarters of parents reported co-physical activity at least 1 day in the prior week. Age, race/ethnicity, sports team participation, eating meals together, parental confidence to influence the child’s organized activity, and the child’s perception of parental support were significantly associated with co-physical activity.
The majority of respondents reported participating in co-physical activity, and multiple sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychosocial correlates were significantly associated with co-physical activity. This study provides insight for physical activity interventions that might involve parents.
Melinda Forthofer, Marsha Dowda, Jennifer R. O’Neill, Cheryl L. Addy, Samantha McDonald, Lauren Reid and Russell R. Pate
of steeper declines in PA among girls than among boys suggests that early gender differences may intensify during adolescence. 4 Systematic reviews of factors associated with PA among children have highlighted the influences of psychosocial and socioenvironmental factors on children’s PA. 10 , 11