This study examined the effectiveness of a longitudinal 5C coaching intervention (Harwood, 2008), focused on promoting behavioral responses associated with commitment, communication, concentration, control, and confidence in youth soccer players. Five players, their parents and a youth academy soccer coach participated in a single-case multiple-baseline across individuals design with multiple treatments. Following baseline, the coach received sequential education in the principles of each C subsequent to integrating relevant strategies in their coaching sessions. During the five intervention phases, players completed assessments of their behavior in training associated with each C, triangulated with observationbased assessments by the coach and the players’ parents. Results indicated psychosocial improvements with cumulative increases in positive psychosocial responses across the intervention for selected players. Changes in player behavior were also corroborated by parent and coach data in conjunction with postintervention social validation. Findings are discussed with respect to the processes engaged in the intervention, and the implications for practitioners and applied researchers.
Chris G. Harwood, Jamie B. Barker and Richard Anderson
Justin W.L. Keogh, Nicola Power, Leslie Wooller, Patricia Lucas and Chris Whatman
This mixed-methods, quasi-experimental pilot study examined whether the Nintendo Wii Sports (NWS) active video game (exergame) system could significantly improve the functional ability, physical activity levels, and quality of life of 34 older adults (4 men and 30 women, 83 ± 8 yr) living in 2 residential aged-care (RAC) centers. Change score analyses indicated the intervention group had significantly greater increases in bicep curl muscular endurance, physical activity levels, and psychological quality of life than the control group (p < .05). Analysis of the quotes underlying the 3 themes (feeling silly, feeling good; having fun; and something to look forward to) suggested that intervention group participants developed a sense of empowerment and achievement after some initial reluctance and anxiousness. They felt that the games were fun and provided an avenue for greater socialization. These results add some further support to the utilization of NWS exergames in the RAC context.
James J. Annesi
Regain of weight after an initial 6 to 9 months of weight loss (ie, “weight-loss phase”) is a persistent problem related to behavioral treatments, 1 especially because further weight loss is typically sought. Psychosocial correlates of weight change beyond the weight-loss phase (ie
Shelby Waldron, J.D. DeFreese, Brian Pietrosimone, Johna Register-Mihalik and Nikki Barczak
health outcomes, primarily injury risk, leaving a gap in knowledge surrounding psychosocial outcomes, such as athlete burnout ( Baker et al., 2009 ; Jayanthi, LaBella, Fischer, Pasulka, & Dugas, 2015 ). According to Côté, Baker, and Abernathy ( 2007 ) in their Developmental Model of Sport Participation
Scott Rathwell and Bradley W. Young
’ personal and psychosocial development within recreational (e.g., Falcão, Bloom, & Gilbert, 2012 ; Weiss, Stuntz, Bhalla, Bolter, & Price, 2013 ), high school (e.g., Hayden et al., 2015 ; Kendellen & Camiré, 2015 ), and high performance (e.g., Strachan, Côté, & Deakin, 2011 ; Wilkes & Côté, 2010
Laura A. Dwyer, Minal Patel, Linda C. Nebeling and April Y. Oh
promotion of mental health. 2 Understanding factors that promote PA and are potentially malleable via interventions is crucial. Variables to consider in these efforts include psychosocial and environmental attributes, such as features of one’s neighborhood. The interplay of psychosocial and environmental
Megan S. Farris, Kerry S. Courneya, Rachel O’Reilly and Christine M. Friedenreich
; and psychosocial outcomes including stress, 7 anxiety, 8 , 10 depression, 11 self-esteem, and happiness. 12 It is unclear whether there is a dose–response effect associated with different amounts of physical activity and these psychosocial outcomes. Hence, we examined if high volume (300 min
Sarah M. Lee, Allison Nihiser, Darcy Strouse, Barnali Das, Shannon Michael and Marian Huhman
Co-physical activity (between parents and children), as an outcome variable, and its correlates have not been examined previously. The purpose of this study was to investigate correlates of co-physical activity among a nationally representative sample of 9- to 13-year-old children and their parents.
Data were from the 2004 Youth Media Campaign Longitudinal Survey, a national survey of 5177 child-parent dyads. Parents of 9- to 13-year-old children were asked to report co-physical activity. Parents and children responded to a series of sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychosocial measures. Co-physical activity was treated as a dichotomous variable (ie, some or none). Logistic regression was used to assess associations of correlates directly and possible interactions between correlates.
More than three-quarters of parents reported co-physical activity at least 1 day in the prior week. Age, race/ethnicity, sports team participation, eating meals together, parental confidence to influence the child’s organized activity, and the child’s perception of parental support were significantly associated with co-physical activity.
The majority of respondents reported participating in co-physical activity, and multiple sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychosocial correlates were significantly associated with co-physical activity. This study provides insight for physical activity interventions that might involve parents.
Melinda J. Craike, Kylie Mosely, Jessica L. Browne, Frans Pouwer and Jane Speight
To examine associations between physical activity (PA) and depressive symptoms among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type 2 DM), and whether associations varied according to weight status.
Diabetes MILES–Australia is a national survey of adults with diabetes, focused on behavioral and psychosocial issues. Data from 705 respondents with Type 2 DM were analyzed, including: demographic and clinical characteristics, PA (IPAQ-SF), depressive symptoms (PHQ-9), and BMI (self-reported height and weight). Data analysis was performed using ANCOVA.
Respondents were aged 59 ± 8 years; 50% women. PA was negatively associated with depressive symptoms for the overall sample (ηp 2= 0.04,P < .001) and all weight categories separately: healthy (ηp 2 0.11 P = .041,), overweight (ηp 2= 0.04, P = .025) and obese (ηp 2 = 0.03, P = .007). For people who were healthy (BMI 18.5 to 24.9) or overweight (BMI 25 to 29.9), high amounts of PA were significantly associated with fewer depressive symptoms; for adults who were obese (BMI ≥ 30) however, both moderate and high amounts were associated with fewer depressive symptoms.
PA is associated with fewer depressive symptoms among adults with Type 2DM, however the amount of PA associated with fewer depressive symptoms varies according to weight status. Lower amounts of PA might be required for people who are obese to achieve meaningful reductions in depressive symptoms compared with those who are healthy weight or overweight. Further research is needed to establish the direction of the relationship between PA and depressive symptoms.
Megan N. Houston, Johanna M. Hoch and Matthew C. Hoch
have become comfortable treating the physical impairments (ie, range of motion deficits and strength deficits). However, little is known about the psychosocial factors, such as injury-related fear, that contribute to an individual’s disablement following an ankle sprain. Physical and psychological