relationships can impact the athletes’ internal reality of their SRC experience, and affect behaviors that influence recovery (e.g., injury reporting). Notwithstanding, and despite advocacy for psychosocial support for other sport-related injuries (e.g., Ivarsson et al., 2017 ), most SRC protocols have not yet
Psychological and Social Needs: Athletes’ and Mental Performance Consultants’ Perspectives on a Gap in Concussion Protocols
Cassandra M. Seguin and Diane M. Culver
A Meta-Study of Qualitative Research on Social Support Related to Physical Activity Among Older Adults
L. Jayne Beselt, Michelle C. Patterson, Meghan H. McDonough, Jennifer Hewson, and Scott MacKay
Physical activity (PA) and social support have known benefits for the well-being and health of older adults, and social support is associated with PA behavior and positive affective experiences in PA contexts. The aim of this study was to synthesize qualitative research conducted on the experiences of social support related to PA among older adults (age ≥55 years). Following meta-study methodology, the authors searched nine databases and extracted information from 31 studies. Results were synthesized in terms of common themes and in light of theoretical and methodological perspectives used. The qualitative literature identifies supportive behaviors and social network outcomes which may be useful for informing how best to support older adults to be physically active. This literature rarely reflected the experiences of vulnerable populations, and future research should aim to further understand supportive behaviors which enable older adults to overcome barriers and challenges to being physically active.
Mental Health in Times of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Exploring the Impact on Well-Being Across the Athlete-Collegiate Career
David P. Schary and Carolina Lundqvist
during college, and particularly related to challenges and potential mental health effects associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Our results indicate that psychosocial needs may change from freshman year to later college years; thus, tailored psychosocial support may be needed to meet these changes for
A Qualitative Study of Sport Enjoyment in the Sampling Years
Paul J. McCarthy and Marc V. Jones
This focus group study examined the sources of enjoyment and nonenjoyment among younger and older English children in the sampling years of sport participation (ages 7–12). Concurrent inductive and deductive content analysis revealed that, consistent with previous research, younger and older children reported sources of enjoyment such as perceived competence, social involvement and friendships, psychosocial support, and a mastery-oriented learning environment. Nonenjoyment sources included inappropriate psychosocial support, increasing competitive orientation, negative feedback and reinforcement, injuries, pain, and demonstrating a lack of competence. Differences between younger and older children’s sources of enjoyment and nonenjoyment also emerged. Younger children reported movement sensations as a source of enjoyment and punishment for skill errors and low informational support as nonenjoyment sources. Older children reported social recognition of competence, encouragement, excitement, and challenge as sources of enjoyment with rivalry, overtraining, and high standards as sources of nonenjoyment. These differences underscore the importance of tailoring youth sport in the sampling years to the needs of the child.
Sense of Coherence: Effect on Adherence and Response to Resistance Training in Older People With Hip Fracture History
Erja Portegijs, Sanna Read, Inka Pakkala, Mauri Kallinen, Ari Heinonen, Taina Rantanen, Markku Alen, Ilkka Kiviranta, Sanna Sihvonen, and Sarianna Sipilä
Our aim was to study the effects of sense of coherence (SOC) on training adherence and interindividual changes in muscle strength, mobility, and balance after resistance training in older people with hip fracture history. These are secondary analyses of a 12-week randomized controlled trial of progressive resistance training in 60- to 85-year-old community-dwelling people 0.5–7 years after hip fracture (n = 45; ISRCTN34271567). Pre- and posttrial assessments included SOC, knee extension strength, walking speed, timed up-and-go (TUG), and Berg Balance Scale (BBS). Group-by-SOC interaction effects (repeated-measures ANOVA) were statistically significant for TUG (p = .005) and BBS (p = .040), but not for knee extension strength or walking speed. Weaker SOC was associated with poorer training adherence (mixed model; p = .009). Thus, more complicated physical tasks did not improve in those with weaker SOC, independently of training adherence. Older people with weaker SOC may need additional psychosocial support in physical rehabilitation programs to optimize training response.
A Model of Current Best Practice for Managing Concussion in University Athletes: The University of Toronto Approach
Paul Comper, Michael Hutchison, Doug Richards, and Lynda Mainwaring
Along with the ever growing awareness among the scientific community and the general public that concussion is a serious health care issue at all levels of sport, with potentially devastating long term health effects, the number of concussion surveillance clinical monitoring programs has significantly increased internationally over the past 10–15 years. An effective concussion program (a “best practice” model) is clinically prudent and evidence-based, one that is an interdisciplinary model involving health professionals who manage, educate, and provide psychosocial support to athletes. The integration of neuropsychological assessment is a component of many present day programs, and therefore, the neuropsychologist is an integral member of the concussion management team. The University of Toronto Concussion Program, operational since 1999, integrates best practices and current evidence into a working model of concussion management for university athletes. The model uses an interdisciplinary approach to monitor and assess athletes with concussions, as well as to educate its athletes, coaches, and administrators. A research component is also integral to the program.
Constellation Mentoring for University Soccer Players: A Case Study
Brennan Petersen, Cole E. Giffin, Thierry R.F. Middleton, and Yufeng Li
transitional demands. Mentoring is a supportive relationship between an experienced mentor and a less experienced protégé, intended to foster the development of the protégé through instrumental and psychosocial support ( Ragins, 2016 ; Weaver & Chelladurai, 1999 ). Instrumental support helps protégés develop
The Effect of Exercise Training on Serum Glucose and Lipid Profiles in Patients With Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials
Fatemeh Abbasi, Zeinab Khademi, Rasoul Eslami, and Alireza Milajerdi
.47) No Janelsins et al 21 Total: 19 Int: 9 Con: 10 53 (43–78) Int: 54.33 (10.64) Con: 52.70 (6.67) 12 Tai Chi Chuan 60 min, 3 times a week Psychosocial support therapy 60 min, 3 times a week Insulin Radioimmunoassay Insulin (μU/mL): Change (mean [SD]): 1.41 (7.05) Insulin: Change: 15.02 (23
Gender (Dis)Similarity in Mentorship Among Intercollegiate Coaches: Implications for Leader Development
; McCauley et al., 2014 ) have consistently argued that effective mentoring is critical for one’s leadership development. Mentors are individuals who have advanced knowledge and skills and who assist and provide protégés with psychosocial support for their career development ( Ragins & Cotton, 1999
Key Considerations for Advancing Women in Coaching
Jenessa Banwell, Gretchen Kerr, and Ashley Stirling
two mentor functions—career-related and psychosocial support—that serve to enhance the growth and advancement of mentees and mentors. Career-related support includes forms of coaching, exposure, visibility, sponsorship, and challenging assignments, whereas psychosocial supports include forms of