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Rebecca E. Lee, Scherezade K. Mama, Kristen P. McAlexander, Heather Adamus and Ashley V. Medina

Background:

In the US, public housing developments are typically located in lower socioeconomic status neighborhoods that may have poorer quality street level conditions, placing residents in neighborhoods that are less supportive for physical activity (PA). This study investigated the relationship of detailed, objectively assessed street-level pedestrian features with self-reported and measured PA in African American public housing residents.

Methods:

Every street segment (N = 2093) within an 800 m radius surrounding each housing development (N = 12) was systematically assessed using the Pedestrian Environment Data Scan (PEDS). Participants completed an interviewer administered International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) Short Form and wore a pedometer for 1 week.

Results:

Women reported significantly less vigorous (mean = 1955 vs. 2896 METs), moderate (mean = 733 vs. 1309 mets), walking (mean = 1080 vs. 1376 METs), and total (mean = 3768 vs. 5581 METs) PA on the IPAQ compared with men (all P <.05). Women took fewer pedometer steps per day (M = 3753 vs. 4589) compared with men, but this was not statistically significant. Regression analyses showed that for women, lower speed limits were associated with vigorous; higher street segment density was associated with more moderate PA; lower speed limits, fewer crossing aids, and more lanes were associated with more walking; and, fewer lanes was associated with more overall PA. For men, fewer sidewalk connections were associated with more moderate PA; lower speed limits were associated with more walking; and, lower speed limits was associated with more overall PA.

Conclusions:

Neighborhood factors influence physical activity; in particular, lower speed limits appear most commonly linked with increased physical activity in both men and women.

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Alseny Balde, Jaime Figueras, Dawn A. Hawking and John R. Miller

Lack of physical activity is an increasing public-health problem. Physicians should counsel elderly patients to maintain regular physical activity in order to retain functionality and quality of life. This study examined the patterns of physician advice about physical activity in an elderly population. A homogeneous group of older adults living in public housing (N = 146) was surveyed to determine the extent to which they received such advice. Their mean age was 77.9 ± 7 years, 74% were women, 70.5% were White, and 53.4% had high school education or less. We assessed the association between physician counseling practices and the participants’ demographic characteristics, overweight status, and type of physical activity performed. The prevalence rate of physician counseling was 61.6%. Elderly men who were married and those who were overweight were most likely to receive advice. Routine physician counseling of elderly patients regardless of overweight status could contribute to improving their quality of life.

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Yen-Jong Chen, Rodney H. Matsuoka and Kun-Cheng Tsai

Mobility barriers can impede physical activity, increase the fear of falling, and pose a threat to the ability of older adults to live independently. This study investigated outdoor mobility barriers within a nonretirement public housing community located in Tainan, Taiwan. Site observations and interviews with older adult residents determined that parked motor scooters, potted plants, the rubber tiles of play areas, and a set of steps were the most important barriers. In addition, the space syntax parameters of control value and mean depth were effectively able to quantitatively measure improvements in walkability resulting from the hypothesized removal of these four barriers. These measures of improved walkability can be included in a cost-benefit analysis of spatial improvement factors to help policymakers address the mobility and accessibility needs of older adults.

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Gregory W. Heath and John Bilderback

% are renter occupied. IV The median household income was estimated to be $15,245 (MoE ± $2544), V which is 34% of the median income for Hamilton County, TN. VI Within south Chattanooga, there exist 2 major public housing developments, one a new urban neighborhood, the villages, and the other a more

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Ka Man Leung and Pak-Kwong Chung

participants (71.9%) were aged 79 years or younger. Approximately 80% were females (79.7%), had primary education or no education (62.4%), and were retired (94.2%). The majority (56.4%) lived in public housing or housing owned through the Hong Kong Home Ownership Scheme. The participants self-reported an

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Edgar R. Vieira, Ruth Tappen, Sareen S. Gropper, Maria T. Severi, Gabriella Engstrom, Marcio R. de Oliveira, Alexandre C. Barbosa and Rubens A. da Silva

dorsiflexion strength. Methodology Older Caribbean Americans living in a public housing facility in South Florida were recruited using posters and word of mouth for this prospective cohort pilot study. The study design and reporting adheres to the STROBE guidelines regarding observational studies. The sample

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Tom Martinek and Michael A. Hemphill

some persistence. His search for finding a place to run his program eventually led him to public housing communities—communities that were a large part of Chicago’s landscape. Children living in these communities, commonly known as housing projects, confront the danger of drug trafficking, violence

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Isaac Estevan, Javier Molina-García, Gavin Abbott, Steve J. Bowe, Isabel Castillo and Lisa M. Barnett

, T. ( 2006 ). Adolescents living in public housing: Self-perceptions of competence and family satisfaction . Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 23 ( 5–6 ), 513 – 531 . doi:10.1007/s10560-006-0072-7 10.1007/s10560-006-0072-7 Tenenbaum , G. , & Eklund , R.C. ( 2007 ). Handbook of

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David Russell and Jo-Ana D. Chase

.Y. , Emmons , K.M. , & Bennett , G.G. ( 2011 ). The association between social factors and physical activity among low-income adults living in public housing . American Journal of Public Health, 101 ( 11 ), 2102 – 2110 . PubMed ID: 21330588 doi:10.2105/AJPH.2010.196030 10.2105/AJPH.2010.196030 Singh

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Venurs H.Y. Loh, Jerome N. Rachele, Wendy J. Brown, Fatima Ghani and Gavin Turrell

mobility disabilities . Gerontologist . 2013 ; 53 ( 2 ): 268 – 279 . PubMed doi:10.1093/geront/gns119 23010096 10.1093/geront/gns119 12. Bennett GG , McNeill LH , Wolin KY , Duncan DT , Puleo E , Emmons KM . Safe to walk? Neighborhood safety and physical activity among public housing