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Healthy Public Policy Options to Promote Physical Activity for Chronic Disease Prevention: Understanding Canadian Policy Influencer and General Public Preferences

Jennifer Ann McGetrick, Krystyna Kongats, Kim D. Raine, Corinne Voyer, and Candace I.J. Nykiforuk

, 13 leading to the development of tools such as the Nuffield Council on Bioethics’ (NCB) intervention ladder 14 framework to categorize public health interventions according to their effect on individual autonomy. As policy influencers ultimately determine whether healthy public policies are enacted

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Selecting Sport Events to Serve Public Policy Agendas

Marijke Taks and Laura Misener

In this case, a local sport tourism officer has been asked to prepare a recommendation for Evex City Council regarding which types of events the city should bid for, based on their public policy agenda of enhancing tourism for economic development purposes and stimulating sport participation for residents. A questionnaire, a codebook, and a data set from two events, an international figure skating event and a provincial gymnastics event, are provided to assist in making a decision. The data set includes the spectators’ identification with and motives for attending the events, tourism activities in which they participated, and some sociodemographic variables. Analyses of the data and interpretation of the results should assist the sport tourism officer in providing accurate recommendations to policymakers. Theories and frameworks that underpin this case include public policy schemas; identity, motives, and tourism behavior of event attendees; sport participation outcomes from sport events; leveraging; and event portfolios.

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Implementing a Public Bicycle Share Program: Impact on Perceptions and Support for Public Policies for Active Transportation

Ariane Bélanger-Gravel, Lise Gauvin, Daniel Fuller, and Louis Drouin

Background:

Favorable public opinion and support for policies are essential to favor the sustainability of environmental interventions. This study examined public perceptions and support for active living policies associated with implementing a public bicycle share program (PBSP).

Methods:

Two cross-sectional population-based telephone surveys were conducted in 2009 and 2010 among 5011 adults in Montréal, Canada. Difference-in-differences analyses tested the impact of the PBSP on negative perceptions of the impact of the PBSP on the image of the city, road safety, ease of traveling, active transportation, health, and resistance to policies.

Results:

People living closer to docking stations were less likely to have negative perceptions of the effect of the PBSP on the image of the city (OR = 0.5; 95% CI, 0.4−0.8) and to be resistant to policies (OR = 0.8; 95% CI, 0.6−1.0). The likelihood of perceiving negative effects on road safety increased across time (OR = 1.4; 95% CI, 1.2−1.8). Significant interactions were observed for perceptions of ease of traveling (OR = 0.5; 95% CI, 0.4−0.8), active transportation (OR = 0.6; 95% CI, 0.4−1.0), and health (OR = 0.6; 95% CI, 0.4−0.8): likelihood of negative perceptions decreased across time among people exposed.

Conclusion:

Findings indicate that negative perceptions were more likely to abate among those living closer to the PBSP.

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Telling the Truth in Public Policy: An Analysis of New Zealand Sport Policy Discourse

Joe Piggin, Steven J. Jackson, and Malcolm Lewis

In this article we use Foucault’s conception of games of truth to investigate how truth in public policy is rhetorically constructed through the notion of “transparency.” Data was collected from various public sources regarding a medal target policy promoted by Sport and Recreation New Zealand (Sparc) for the national team at the 2006 Commonwealth Games. By analyzing the multifarious rhetoric surrounding the medal target policy, we show that the notion of transparency, although ostensibly appealing and helpful as a mechanism to justify goals, exposes inherent contradictions that were counter to Sparc’s goals. The discussion encourages scholars and practitioners to conceive of policy as ongoing contests over truth. We suggest that practitioners might benefit from considering the problematic implications of promoting “transparent” public policy.

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Breaking Barriers: An Innovative Tool to Assess the National and City-Level Physical Activity Policy Development to Practice Disconnect

Eugen Resendiz, Andrea Ramírez-Varela, Juliana Mejía-Grueso, Jane Moon, Josef Mitáš, Ross C. Brownson, Deborah Salvo, and Michael Pratt

. However, this does not preclude users from gathering this information from other public sources, as it can provide additional context and guide result interpretation. Conclusions Using the INTEGRATE-PA-Pol Tool will help develop and implement a global public policy monitoring system for benchmarking and

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The Implications of Public Policy Related to Parks, Recreation, and Public Health: A Focus on Physical Activity

Kathy J. Spangler and Linda L. Caldwell

A collaborative framework that influences the promotion of policy related to physical activity should include parks and recreation as well as public health practitioners and researchers. As governments at all levels become increasingly focused on the impact of public resources, park and recreation agencies are challenged to document and demonstrate the impact of leisure services. Public policy associated with parks and recreation is driven by public interest and is often debated in the absence of relevant research to demonstrate the determinants and correlates of parks and recreation to address prevailing social conditions. This paper describes current policy and funding issues faced by public parks and recreation professionals responding to increasing physically active leisure across the lifespan of Americans. We also discuss how a collaborative framework approach can be used to inform public policy designed to increase the physical activity of the American public.

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Socioeconomic and Gender Inequalities in Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Access to Public Policies in Brazil From 2013 to 2019

Andrea Wendt, Luiza I.C. Ricardo, Caroline S. Costa, Alan G. Knuth, Maria C.M. Tenório, and Inácio Crochemore-Silva

question should guide future public actions: are PA public policies able to associate with cultural manifestations in Brazil, considering PA differences in peripheral, Black, Indigenous, and Quilombola communities? Or is there a reproduction of absorbed activities from other cultures? A warning should be

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Government and Sport: The Public Policy Issues

Rodney E. Hero

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“Policy Analysis in Sport Management” Revisited: A Critique and Discussion

Scott R. Jedlicka, Spencer Harris, and Barrie Houlihan

the two arguments Chalip advanced are based: first, that sport managers working in both public and private organizations can benefit from the analysis of public policy, and second, that “interpretive and critical” techniques are required for the analysis of sport policy (p. 2). For sport managers

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Adapted Physical Activity Policies for Children and Adolescents in Brazil: Extension of the Para Report Card Brazil

Diego Augusto Santos Silva and Carolina Fernandes da Silva

since it is a subjective analysis, it is subject to information bias. However, this research also used the tool recommended by the WHO ( Bull et al., 2015 ) for the analysis of public policies aimed the promotion of physical activity, which allowed the finding that Brazil is at low to moderate