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Mental Toughness, Sport-Related Well-Being, and Mental Health Stigma Among National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Student-Athletes

Matthew D. Bird, Eadie E. Simons, and Patricia C. Jackman

seeking help for a mental illness). Personal stigma reflects an individual’s own attitudes toward a person with or seeking help for a mental illness ( Griffiths, Christensen, Jorm, Evans, & Groves, 2004 ). In contrast, perceived public stigma includes stereotypes, discrimination, or prejudice that the

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The Relationships Among Self-Compassion, Stigma, and Attitudes Toward Counseling in Student-Athletes

Robert C. Hilliard, Lorenzo A. Redmond, and Jack C. Watson II

identified as a potential barrier. Stigma Stigma has been defined as existing in two forms: public and self-stigma ( Corrigan, 2004 ). Public stigma is an external form of stigma referring to the belief that society deems an individual possessing certain traits or behaviors as socially unacceptable or

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Student-Athlete and Student Non-Athletes’ Stigma and Attitudes Toward Seeking Online and Face-to-Face Counseling

Matthew D. Bird, Graig M. Chow, Gily Meir, and Jaison Freeman

by others, also known as public stigma, is described as an individual’s perception of discrimination or stereotypes from the public to a stigmatized group ( Corrigan, 2004 ). When investigating public stigma in student-athletes, Kaier, Cromer, Johnson, Strunk, and Davis ( 2015 ) found student

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The Role of Stigma and Referral Source in Predicting College Student-Athletes’ Attitudes Toward Psychological Help-Seeking

Rachel S. Wahto, Joshua K. Swift, and Jason L. Whipple

The purposes of this study were to (a) examine the relationships between public stigma, self-stigma, and mental health help-seeking attitudes in college studentathletes, and (b) test whether referral source would have an impact on student-athletes’ willingness to seek mental health help. Participating college student-athletes (n = 43) completed an online survey including measures of stigma (public and self), attitudes, and willingness to seek mental health help. The results indicated that public stigma and self-stigma predicted a significant proportion of variance in attitudes (66%) above and beyond gender and treatment-use history. In addition, student-athletes were more willing to seek help when referred by a family member compared with a coach (d = 0.89), a teammate (d = 1.05), or oneself (d = 1.28). The results have important implications for helping student-athletes seek mental health help when there is a need.

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A Program to Reduce Stigma Toward Mental Illness and Promote Mental Health Literacy and Help-Seeking in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Student-Athletes

Graig M. Chow, Matthew D. Bird, Nicole T. Gabana, Brandon T. Cooper, and Martin A. Swanbrow Becker

timely and appropriate help ( DeLenardo & Terrion, 2014 ; Lopez & Levy, 2013 ). Stigma accounts for 66% of the variance in mental health help-seeking attitudes in student-athletes ( Wahto, Swift, & Whipple, 2016 ). There are three types of stigma. Perceived public stigma (i.e., stigmatization by

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Help-Seeking for Eating Pathology Among Collegiate Athletes: Examining Stigma and Perfectionism as Moderating and Mediating Mechanisms

Shelby J. Martin and Timothy Anderson

experiences of self-stigma and public-stigma, and underlying perfectionistic traits. Stigma—a multidimensional construct—is an identified barrier to mental-health help-seeking in samples of athletes and non-athletes (e.g.,  Clement et al., 2015 ; Evans et al., 2011 ; Gulliver, Griffiths, & Christensen, 2010

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No Longer a Sign of Weakness? Media Reporting on Mental Ill Health in Sport

Keith D. Parry, Abigail G. Braim, Rebecca E. Jull, and Matthew J. Smith

According to NHS England ( 2020 ), one in four adults will experience some form of mental ill health during their lifetime. Despite the prevalence of mental ill health, there is a long-standing public stigma attached to mental illness and toward those suffering with its affects ( Bauman, 2016

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Inclusion of Individuals With Overweight/Obesity in Physical Activity Settings

Paul Bernard Rukavina

interpersonal interactions; it occurs in several interrelated forms on multiple levels of an individual’s ecology ( Bos et al., 2013 ; Myre et al., 2021 ). Bos et al. ( 2013 ) illustrates stigma manifesting in four dynamically interrelated ways: structural stigma, self-stigma, public stigma levels, and stigma

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Mental Health Literacy Intervention to Reduce Stigma Toward Mental Health Symptoms and Disorders in Women Rugby Players: A Feasibility Study

Shakiba Oftadeh-Moghadam, Neil Weston, and Paul Gorczynski

; Corrigan, 2004 ). Vogel et al. ( 2005 ) found that SSOSH scores were related to measures of public stigma (from .46 to .48), attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help (from −.54 to −.63), and willingness to seek counseling (from −.34 to −.38), thus supporting the convergent validity of the

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Mental Health Literacy, Help-Seeking, and Mental Health Outcomes in Women Rugby Players

Shakiba Oftadeh-Moghadam and Paul Gorczynski

symptoms, social anxiety, and eating disorder symptoms increasingly more than their male counterparts ( Gorczynski, Coyle, et al., 2017 ). Previous research has highlighted that athletes have shown greater perceived public stigma compared with nonathletes, while public stigma, self-stigma, and lack of MHL