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Effects of Physical-Exercise-Based Rehabilitation Programs on the Quality of Life of Patients With Parkinson’s Disease: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Franciele Cascaes da Silva, Rodrigo da Rosa Iop, Patrícia Domingos dos Santos, Lídia Mara Aguiar Bezerra de Melo, Paulo José Barbosa Gutierres Filho, and Rudney da Silva

This study aimed to determine the effects of physical-exercise-based rehabilitation programs on quality of life of patients with Parkinson’s disease through a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. For this purpose the following electronic databases were selected: Medline by PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and PEDro. The search strategy included the proposed descriptors in the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), associated with a sensitive list of terms to search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), without year and language restrictions. Fourteen studies were potentially relevant, and these studies were included. Physical-exercise-based rehabilitation programs realized 2–4 times a week, 60 min each session, for 6–12 weeks, and follow-up of 3 months promotes significant positive effects on quality of life in Parkinson’s disease patients at mild to moderate stages and disease duration around 6 years.

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The Effect of Primary School-Based Physical Education Programs: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Markel Rico-González

’s lives in these aforementioned ways. Until now, to the best of the author’s knowledge and supported by the research conducted in this review, a systematic review has not been published that has summarized randomized controlled trials (RCT) aimed at assessing the effectiveness of programs in elementary

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Promoting Physical Activity in Older Adults With Knee Osteoarthritis and Hypertension: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Elizabeth A. Schlenk, G. Kelley Fitzgerald, Joan C. Rogers, C. Kent Kwoh, and Susan M. Sereika

activity interventions can promote physical activity and improve outcomes in adults with KOA. For example, a recent meta-analysis of four randomized controlled trials in adults with lower-extremity OA examined the effect of counseling-based physical activity interventions following one or more American

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Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment Versus Exercise Program in Runners With Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Julio Zago, Fellipe Amatuzzi, Tatiana Rondinel, and João Paulo Matheus

there is no valgus” and “less than 180 deg there is valgus.” †† Hip extension was measured in degrees of joint movement. Discussion To our knowledge, this study is the first randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of OMT on runners with PFPS. In our results, we showed that there was a

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Inspiratory Muscle Training in Rehabilitation of Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Leila Ahmadnezhad, Ali Yalfani, and Behnam Gholami Borujeni

effective in patients with CLBP. The present research was, therefore, conducted to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of IMT on core muscle activity, pulmonary function, and pain intensity in athletes with CLBP. Methods Study Design The present single-blind, randomized, controlled trial was conducted in

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Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement: Randomized Controlled Trial of a Mental Training Program With Collegiate Athletes

Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas, and Keith A. Kaufman

’s college team reported significant improvements in mindfulness, goal-directed energy, and perceived stress. Similarly, a randomized controlled trial with female collegiate basketball players showed significantly more improvements in emotion regulation, substance use, and hostility from post-intervention to

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Functional Exercise Improves Mobility Performance in Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Kimberlee A. Gretebeck, Caroline S. Blaum, Tisha Moore, Roger Brown, Andrzej Galecki, Debra Strasburg, Shu Chen, and Neil B. Alexander

lifestyle physical activity in older adults with T2DM. Methods Study Design This study was a randomized controlled trial. Older adults with T2DM were randomized to either a center-based moderate-intensity FCT intervention with lifestyle behavior change to optimize physical activity adoption and maintenance

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Effect of Intermittent Hypoxia Training for Dizziness: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Xiao Bao, Jie-Wen Tan, Ying Long, Howe Liu, and Hui-Yu Liu

, there was little study investigating the effects of intermittent hypoxia for dizziness. The purpose of this study was to investigate dizziness improvement under IHT. Methods Study Design This was a prospective, assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial with a 4-week follow-up period, conducted in a

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Whole-Body Vibration on Performance of Quadriceps After ACL Reconstruction: A Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial

Karinna Sonálya Aires da Costa, Daniel Tezoni Borges, Liane de Brito Macedo, Caio Alano de Almeida Lins, and Jamilson Simões Brasileiro

would increase the neuromuscular performance as well as reduce postural oscillation in individuals subjected to ACL reconstruction. Methods Design This is a blinded randomized controlled trial. Participants The study sample consisted of 48 men (mean age: 27.4 [6.2] y; body mass index: 26.8 [3.8] kg/m 2

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Effectiveness of Simulated Horseback Riding for Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial

TaeYeong Kim, JaeHyuk Lee, SeJun Oh, Seungmin Kim, and BumChul Yoon

AM , Salvesen Ø , Vasseljen O . Motor control exercises, sling exercises, and general exercises for patients with chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial with 1-year follow-up . Phys Ther . 2010 ; 90 : 1426 – 1440 . doi:10.2522/ptj.20090421 20671099 10.2522/ptj.20090421 21. Kim