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Blaine E. Arney, Reese Glover, Andrea Fusco, Cristina Cortis, Jos J. de Koning, Teun van Erp, Salvador Jaime, Richard P. Mikat, John P. Porcari, and Carl Foster

to quantify internal TL using a modification of the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) method developed by Borg. 6 This method is known as the session RPE (sRPE). The sRPE is derived by multiplying the overall RPE obtained at the end of a training session, using the Borg category-ratio 10 scale

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Geoffrey M. Minett, Valentin Fels-Camilleri, Joshua J. Bon, Franco M. Impellizzeri, and David N. Borg

Quantifying training load using the session rating of perceived exertion (RPE) method 1 has been widely adopted as a simple approach to understanding the effects of training load on athlete fitness, performance, and fatigue. 2 – 4 Many internal (eg, heart rate [HR]), external (eg

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Paolo Gaudino, F. Marcello Iaia, Anthony J. Strudwick, Richard D. Hawkins, Giampietro Alberti, Greg Atkinson, and Warren Gregson

Purpose:

The aim of the current study was to identify the external-training-load markers that are most influential on session rating of perceived exertion (RPE) of training load (RPE-TL) during elite soccer training.

Methods:

Twenty-two elite players competing in the English Premier League were monitored. Training-load data (RPE and 10-Hz GPS integrated with a 100-Hz accelerometer) were collected during 1892 individual training sessions over an entire in-season competitive period. Expert knowledge and a collinearity r < .5 were used initially to select the external training variables for the final analysis. A multivariateadjusted within-subjects model was employed to quantify the correlations of RPE and RPE-TL (RPE × duration) with various measures of external training intensity and training load.

Results:

Total high-speed-running (HSR; >14.4 km/h) distance and number of impacts and accelerations >3 m/s2 remained in the final multivariate model (P < .001). The adjusted correlations with RPE were r = .14, r = .09, and r = .25 for HSR, impacts, and accelerations, respectively. For RPE-TL, the correlations were r = .11, r = .45, and r = .37, respectively.

Conclusions:

The external-load measures that were found to be moderately predictive of RPE-TL in soccer training were HSR distance and the number of impacts and accelerations. These findings provide new evidence to support the use of RPE-TL as a global measure of training load in elite soccer. Furthermore, understanding the influence of characteristics affecting RPE-TL may help coaches and practitioners enhance training prescription and athlete monitoring.

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Kobe C. Houtmeyers, Pieter Robberechts, Arne Jaspers, Shaun J. McLaren, Michel S. Brink, Jos Vanrenterghem, Jesse J. Davis, and Werner F. Helsen

can be attributed to a single indicator. Differential ratings of perceived exertion (dRPE) has been proposed to provide more specific surrogates of the different psychophysiological stresses during exercise. 10 – 12 This method distinguishes between central respiratory and peripheral neuromuscular

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Carl Foster, Daniel Boullosa, Michael McGuigan, Andrea Fusco, Cristina Cortis, Blaine E. Arney, Bo Orton, Christopher Dodge, Salvador Jaime, Kim Radtke, Teun van Erp, Jos J. de Koning, Daniel Bok, Jose A. Rodriguez-Marroyo, and John P. Porcari

The session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) method is 25 years old, as of 2020. Since the index paper, 1 in 1995, the method has become a popular alternative to represent exercise intensity versus objective methods such as heart rate (HR) and blood lactate. Reflecting this, in Google Scholar

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Jose A. Rodríguez-Marroyo, Beltrán González, Carl Foster, Ana Belén Carballo-Leyenda, and José G. Villa

rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) instead of heart rate (HR) to monitor exercise training. Internal TL can easily be calculated by multiplying the training sRPE by the training session duration. Originally, Foster et al 3 , 4 obtained the sRPE using a modified Borg category ratio (0–10) provided ∼30

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Cristian Ieno, Roberto Baldassarre, Maddalena Pennacchi, Antonio La Torre, Marco Bonifazi, and Maria Francesca Piacentini

spent at high intensity. 2 Regarding the use of the session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) method, Seiler and Kjerland 3 have shown a correspondence with the SG-based methods, while 2 recent studies 1 , 4 found a disconnection between the TID based on the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) or HR

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Ric Lovell, Sam Halley, Jason Siegler, Tony Wignell, Aaron J. Coutts, and Tim Massard

Ratings of perceived exertion (RPEs) represent an individual’s psychobiological response to an activity stimulus. These subjective evaluations of exertion are integrated from signals originating in working muscles and joints, cardiorespiratory, and central nervous systems. 1 In applied sports

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Lilian Roos, Wolfgang Taube, Carolin Tuch, Klaus Michael Frei, and Thomas Wyss

, duration, frequency, and activity type, to assess external TL and other parameters, such as heart rate (HR), blood lactate, oxygen consumption, well-being, motivation, pain, and rating of perceived exertion (RPE), to describe the internal TL. 1 , 2 To assess the overall TL and compare it among various

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Wouter Schallig, Tim Veneman, Dionne A. Noordhof, José A. Rodríguez-Marroyo, John P. Porcari, Jos J. de Koning, and Carl Foster

effort and perceived exertion may be different concepts, 24 the rating-of-perceived-exertion (RPE) scale 25 is used to measure both the perceived exertion within the anticipatory model 7 and the perception of effort within the psychobiological model. 26 So, irrespective of whether the experienced RPE