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Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Nathan Maresh and Jennifer Earl-Boehm

overall (eg, functional performance, readiness to return to sport) rehabilitation outcomes, 22 with psychological factors also proposed as having a bidirectional relationship with both intermediate and overall biopsychosocial outcomes. 22 Support for the aforementioned conceptualization has also been

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Ian J. Dempsey, Grant E. Norte, Matthew Hall, John Goetschius, Lindsay V. Slater, Jourdan M. Cancienne, Brian C. Werner, David R. Diduch and Joseph M. Hart

, return-to-sport status, perceived readiness to return to sport at the time of PT discharge, patient satisfaction, and reinjury. Second, we aimed to examine the relationships between PT quantity and clinical outcomes (quadriceps strength, single leg hop performance, and subjective knee function). Finally

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Leslie Podlog, Sophie M. Banham, Ross Wadey and James C. Hannon

The purpose of this study was to examine athlete experiences and understandings of psychological readiness to return to sport following a serious injury. A focus group and follow-up semistructured interviews were conducted with seven English athletes representing a variety of sports. Three key attributes of readiness were identified including: (a) confidence in returning to sport; (b) realistic expectations of one’s sporting capabilities; and (c) motivation to regain previous performance standards. Numerous precursors such as trust in rehabilitation providers, accepting postinjury limitations, and feeling wanted by significant others were articulated. Results indicate that psychological readiness is a dynamic, psychosocial process comprised of three dimensions that increase athletes’ perceived likelihood of a successful return to sport following injury. Findings are discussed in relation to previous research and practical implications are offered.

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Jason Brumitt, Bryan C. Heiderscheit, Robert C. Manske, Paul Niemuth, Alma Mattocks and Mitchell J. Rauh


The Lower-Extremity Functional Test (LEFT) has been used to assess readiness to return to sport after a lowerextremity injury. Current recommendations suggest that women should complete the LEFT in 135 s (average; range 120–150 s) and men should complete the test in 100 s (average; range 90–125 s). However, these estimates are based on limited data and may not be reflective of college athletes. Thus, additional assessment, including normative data, of the LEFT in sport populations is warranted.


To examine LEFT times based on descriptive information and off-season training habits in NCAA Division III (DIII) athletes. In addition, this study prospectively examined the LEFT’s ability to discriminate sport-related injury occurrence.


Descriptive epidemiology.


DIII university.


189 DIII college athletes (106 women, 83 men) from 15 teams.

Main Outcome Measures:

LEFT times, preseason questionnaire, and time-loss injuries during the sport season.


Men completed the LEFT (105 ± 9 s) significantly faster than their female counterparts (117 ± 10 s) (P < .0001). Female athletes who reported >3–5 h/wk of plyometric training during the off-season had significantly slower LEFT scores than those who performed ≤3 h/wk of plyometric training (P = .03). The overall incidence of a lower-quadrant (LQ) time-loss injury for female athletes was 4.5/1000 athletic exposures (AEs) and 3.7/1000 AEs for male athletes. Female athletes with slower LEFT scores (≥118 s) experienced a higher rate of LQ time-loss injuries than those with faster LEFT scores (≤117 s) (P = .03).


Only off-season plyometric training practices seem to affect LEFT score times among female athletes. Women with slower LEFT scores are more likely to be injured than those with faster LEFT scores. Injury rates in men were not influenced by performance on the LEFT.

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Haley Bookbinder, Lindsay V. Slater, Austin Simpson, Jay Hertel and Joseph M. Hart

-to-sport. To reduce the risk for reinjury, athletes with ACLR often complete functional testing to determine readiness to return to sport, including strength and functional performance. Hop tests are one of the most commonly used tests to assess lower-extremity performance and readiness to return to sport, 6

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Francesca Genoese, Shelby E. Baez, Nicholas Heebner, Matthew C. Hoch and Johanna M. Hoch

associated with psychological readiness to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery . Am J Sports Med . 2018 ; 46 ( 7 ): 1545 – 1550 . PubMed ID: 29718684 doi: 10.1177/0363546518773757 29718684 30. Lentz TA , Zeppieri Jr G , George SZ , et al . Comparison of

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Ryan D. Henke, Savana M. Kettner, Stephanie M. Jensen, Augustus C.K. Greife and Christopher J. Durall

comparisons, (3) determining optimal sample sizes a priori via a power analysis, (4) employing a standardized LIAEX protocol, (5) using standardized outcomes measures to determine readiness to return to sport/activity (ie, medical clearance), and (6) reporting effect sizes so the clinical significance can be

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Rosa M. Rodriguez, Ashley Marroquin and Nicole Cosby

, Podczarska-Glowacka M . Imagery use in rehabilitation after the knee joint arthroscopy . Baltic J Health PA . 2015 ; 7 ( 4 ): 93 – 101 . 12. Ardern CL , Osterberg A , Tagesson S , Gauffin H , Webster KE , Kvist J . The impact of psychological readiness to return to sport and

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Emma Hoffman, Abrianna D’Onofrio, Shelby Baez and Julie Cavallario

. Ardern CL , Österberg A , Tagesson S , Gauffin H , Webster KE , Kvist J . The impact of psychological readiness to return to sport and recreational activities after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction . Br J Sports Med . 2014 ; 48 ( 22 ): 1613 – 1619 . PubMed doi:10

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Monika Grygorowicz, Martyna Michałowska, Paulina Jurga, Tomasz Piontek, Honorata Jakubowska and Tomasz Kotwicki

to injury, compared with players who quit playing football due to other reasons (4 vs 6, P  < .001; Table  3 ). It is well-documented that full return to play after an injury is strongly connected with a psychological component. Psychological readiness to return to sport was described as the factor