.05% proportion of solely loyal buyers, compared with market laggard Bud (0.81% market share) with 8.79% solely loyal buyers ( Bassi, 2011 ). Third, a brand’s customers, on average, buy other brands more often. This is because most customers buy from a repertoire of brands. This generalization is evident within
Are Sport Consumers Unique? Consumer Behavior Within Crowded Sport Markets
Hunter Fujak, Stephen Frawley, Heath McDonald, and Stephen Bush
Pleasant Emotions Widen Thought–Action Repertoires, Develop Long-Term Resources, and Improve Reaction Time Performance: A Multistudy Examination of the Broaden-and-Build Theory Among Athletes
Mark A. Thompson, Adam R. Nicholls, John Toner, John L. Perry, and Rachel Burke
–action repertoires and, thus, offer a wider range of coping behaviors associated with improved performance. This translates well on both an empirical and theoretical level. Indeed, just as positive affect facilitates approach behavior ( Fredrickson, 2001 ), pleasant emotions predict task-oriented coping ( Thompson
Stepping Back, Stepping Up, and Stepping Forward: Exploring One Teacher’s Evolving Approach to Teaching Social and Emotional Learning in High School Physical Education
Donal Howley, Ben Dyson, and Seunghyun Baek
how my aligning with CASEL’s ( 2015 ) contemporary framework led to a more explicit and intentional focus on SEL within my already utilized repertoire of pedagogies. Doing so while incorporating this self-study structure as a TR led me to evolve my teaching and feel better equipped to teach for and
Task Constraints and Coordination Flexibility in Young Swimmers
Ana F. Silva, Pedro Figueiredo, Sara Morais, João P. Vilas-Boas, Ricardo J. Fernandes, and Ludovic Seifert
relevance of training around a swimmer’s preferred stroke frequency to enlarge his/her behavioral flexibility. We hypothesized that high behavioral flexibility might correspond to (a) a great repertoire of upper-limb coordination patterns, allowing swimmers to switch between coordination patterns, and (b
Action, Movement, and Culture: Does Culture Shape Movement?
develop four cases to illustrate in detail how to deal with the question of cultural variations in motor behavior. The first example explores the movement repertoire of expert potters from two cultural backgrounds when asked to produce pots of the same shape. In a second example we analyze how a dance
The Modification of the Quality and Quantity of Behavior Categories in a Swimming Coach
Brent S. Rnshall and Kenneth C. Smith
Experimental procedures were implemented in a competitive swimming training situation in order to change the repertoire, quality, and quantity of several behavior categories in a coach. A multiple baseline design was used for scientific verification. Self-recording techniques were instituted for rewarding, providing feedback, and providing feedback after first having rewarded a swimmer. The repertoire of behaviors in these categories was increased through the provision of discriminative stimuli on self-recording sheets. Fading schedules were successfully used to reduce the subject's reliance on the prompt sheets. Rates of occurrence of the target behaviors served as a reinforcing procedure for increasing the emission frequencies. A leaning of reinforcement produced a persistent change in the scope and quantity of the behaviors. Pre- and postexperimental behavior analyses using the Coach Observation Schedule indicated that the affected changes also produced concomitant changes in other behavioral categories.
Applying Evidence-Based Principles From CBT to Sport Psychology
Siobhain McArdle and Phil Moore
This article highlights four key principles of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and proposes situations where these tenets would be relevant from an applied sport psychology perspective. To achieve this aim, a case study of an athlete with a dysfunctional perfectionist mindset is employed. We conclude with possible research directions in applied sport psychology informed by CBT. These recommendations include the need to further develop an evidence based formulation system and the relevance of building a repertoire of “evidence-based” behavioral experiments to improve practice.
A Contrast of Planning Behaviors between Expert and Novice Adapted Physical Education Teachers
Melinda A. Solmon and Amelia M. Lee
This study explored the cognitive responses of adapted physical education teachers during lesson planning. The focus was to determine whether expert (n=4) and novice (n=4) teachers varying in experience and expertise differ in the information they need to plan a lesson and how they conceptualize a lesson. Subjects were given information about a fictional class of handicapped students and were asked to plan a lesson. After writing a lesson plan, they were asked to explain it to the experimenter. The results provided clear evidence of the experienced teachers’ superior knowledge base and repertoire of teaching strategies. Their responses were filled with contingency plans based on the actions and abilities exhibited by the students. In contrast, the novices generated plans that were unidirectional and failed to accommodate the range of ability levels in the class.
Using Narrative Therapy in Sport Psychology Practice: Application to a Psychoeducational Body Image Program
Trisha Leahy and Rachel Harrigan
Narrative therapy is a form of therapeutic intervention underpinned by a philosophy of language proposing that meaning is socially constructed through language. Power relations and social and personal contexts are understood as central to the construction of meaning. Narrative therapy represents an approach to therapeutic practice that assumes that people experience problems in their lives when the dominant stories, which they or others have constructed of their lives, do not sufficiently represent their lived experience. In this article we provide an exposition of narrative therapy, its philosophical influences and key processes. We demonstrate key tenets in action via a psychoeducational intervention attempting to facilitate positive body image with a team of 15 elite young women athletes. Anonymous, written, evaluative feedback of the seven-session program suggests a generally positive outcome. Narrative therapy can be a useful addition to the repertoire of clinical skills of sport psychologists.
Novice Physical Education Teachers Learning to Teach
Support, or lack thereof, is often cited as the main reason for teachers to leave the profession early on (Ingersoll, 2003). Feiman-Nemser (2001) identifies five Central Tasks associated with Learning to Teach (CTLT) that could focus the support novice teachers need during their induction years: learning the teaching context (TC), designing responsive instructional program (IP), creating a classroom learning community (CC), enacting a beginning repertoire (BR) and developing their professional identity (PI). The purpose of the study is to examine the CTLT that novice physical education teachers use in their first and second years of their teaching career. Twenty-one physical education teachers accepted the study parameters to be observed and interviewed during their first year of teaching, and 15 teachers continued the data collection into their second year. Interviews revealed that these teachers focused mainly on BR and TC. Little focus was given to IP, CC, and PI. Results indicate the need for effective mentoring and continuous support through their induction years on BR and TC, but also expand novice teachers’ focus to address the additional categories.