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Effects of an Individualized Mental-Skills-Training Program on Golf Performance: A Single-Subject Research Design

Paul R. Ashbrook, Andrew Gillham, and Douglas Barba

program when it ended. This would appear to be supported by the data from the 6- and 12-month follow-up. There might have also been some limitations regarding the research design and methodology. During the course of any athletic season, factors such as coaching, nutrition, and social support can all

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A Scoping Review of Mixed Methods Research About Physical Activity for Children With Disabilities

Mathieu Michaud, William J. Harvey, and Gordon A. Bloom

to study complex problems with interrelated quantitative and qualitative data ( Dawadi et al., 2021 ). This approach highlights an integrated research design perspective where numerous factors may be studied in combination to uncover deep and rich findings as well as potentially strengthen field

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Research Design in Sport Management: What’s Missing, What’s Needed?

Gordon A. Olafson

Although concern for the lack of empirically based research and for the types of methodologies used continues, few if any sport management articles have quantified the extent of such criticism. Selected volumes of the Academy of Management Journal, Administrative Science Quarterly, Journal of Applied Psychology, Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, Dissertation Abstracts, Journal of Sport Management, and Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport were content analyzed employing 13 dimensions to determine, on a comparative basis, the patterns of research design in organizational studies and sport management research. Based upon this analysis, sport management researchers should explore the variety of methods and analyses evident in the organizational studies literature. The basis for these results and suggestions for change are discussed.

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Experimental Design and Research Methodology in Aging: Implications for Research and Clinical Practice

Wojtek J. Chodzko-Zajko

This paper presents a brief overview of some of the major issues associated with research design in experimental gerontology. The intention is not to provide a comprehensive and detailed guide to experimental design and research methods. Rather, the paper focuses on a more general discussion of several issues associated with the design, implementation, and interpretation of research in an attempt to illustrate why a rudimentary knowledge of these topics is essential for all researchers and practitioners involved in the study of the aging process. Wherever possible, specific examples from the exercise science and applied health literature are selected in order to illustrate the significance of these factors for our field of expertise.

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Case Studies in Exercise and Sport Sciences: A Powerful Tool to Bridge the Science–Practice Gap

Israel Halperin

research and practice. In this commentary, I will expand on their recommendations by proposing that exercise scientists should more frequently utilize a specific qualitative research design: case studies. In exercise science, case study designs are mostly used to acquire knowledge about the training

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Reviewing Original Research Articles Published in the International Sport Coaching Journal

Katherine E. Hirsch, Todd M. Loughead, Gordon A. Bloom, and Wade D. Gilbert

competition context as athletes being <18 years old (youth) or 18+ years old (adult) as well as the level of competition (participation vs. performance; Lyle, 2002 ). The research design used (i.e., RQ3) was first categorized by the methodology (qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods). If the study was

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Critical Discourse Analysis as Theory, Methodology, and Analyses in Sport Management Studies

Katherine Sveinson, Larena Hoeber, and Caroline Heffernan

multiple perspectives in research design. In this way, studies can adopt concepts and theories from various disciplines, such as economics, branding, leadership, gender, and race, to critique and create new knowledge in sport management contexts, such as Amara and Henry’s ( 2010 ) use of policy

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Critical Conversations About Qualitative Research in Sport Management

John N. Singer, Sally Shaw, Larena Hoeber, Nefertiti Walker, Kwame J. A. Agyemang, and Kyle Rich

going in and not having methods laid out, but engaging the community in an emergent process of research design. And then subsequently, the way it’s written up also looks different. But several things came up along the way that were challenging within that process. Everything from feedback on abstracts

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Hierarchy of Research Design in Evidence-Based Sports Medicine

Patrick O. McKeon, Jennifer M. Medina, and Jay Hertel

Column-editor : Michael G. Dolan

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Using the Alternate Control Treatment Group Research Design in Conducting Research on Teacher Education: An Example

Hans van der Mars