program when it ended. This would appear to be supported by the data from the 6- and 12-month follow-up. There might have also been some limitations regarding the research design and methodology. During the course of any athletic season, factors such as coaching, nutrition, and social support can all
Paul R. Ashbrook, Andrew Gillham, and Douglas Barba
Gordon A. Olafson
Although concern for the lack of empirically based research and for the types of methodologies used continues, few if any sport management articles have quantified the extent of such criticism. Selected volumes of the Academy of Management Journal, Administrative Science Quarterly, Journal of Applied Psychology, Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, Dissertation Abstracts, Journal of Sport Management, and Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport were content analyzed employing 13 dimensions to determine, on a comparative basis, the patterns of research design in organizational studies and sport management research. Based upon this analysis, sport management researchers should explore the variety of methods and analyses evident in the organizational studies literature. The basis for these results and suggestions for change are discussed.
Wojtek J. Chodzko-Zajko
This paper presents a brief overview of some of the major issues associated with research design in experimental gerontology. The intention is not to provide a comprehensive and detailed guide to experimental design and research methods. Rather, the paper focuses on a more general discussion of several issues associated with the design, implementation, and interpretation of research in an attempt to illustrate why a rudimentary knowledge of these topics is essential for all researchers and practitioners involved in the study of the aging process. Wherever possible, specific examples from the exercise science and applied health literature are selected in order to illustrate the significance of these factors for our field of expertise.
research and practice. In this commentary, I will expand on their recommendations by proposing that exercise scientists should more frequently utilize a specific qualitative research design: case studies. In exercise science, case study designs are mostly used to acquire knowledge about the training
Katherine Sveinson, Larena Hoeber, and Caroline Heffernan
multiple perspectives in research design. In this way, studies can adopt concepts and theories from various disciplines, such as economics, branding, leadership, gender, and race, to critique and create new knowledge in sport management contexts, such as Amara and Henry’s ( 2010 ) use of policy
John N. Singer, Sally Shaw, Larena Hoeber, Nefertiti Walker, Kwame J. A. Agyemang, and Kyle Rich
going in and not having methods laid out, but engaging the community in an emergent process of research design. And then subsequently, the way it’s written up also looks different. But several things came up along the way that were challenging within that process. Everything from feedback on abstracts
Patrick O. McKeon, Jennifer M. Medina, and Jay Hertel
Column-editor : Michael G. Dolan
Carrie W. LeCrom, Brendan Dwyer, and Gregory Greenhalgh
The scholars of sport for development (SFD) suggest the need for advancements in theory development and stronger connections between practice and theory. This article outlines some of the challenges and barriers to theory development in SFD and suggests ways to move forward. The authors state that theories and frameworks in SFD are underdeveloped as a result of methodological and contextual challenges due to the variance in SFD programming. The SFD programs are being implemented across the globe in a myriad of countries and contexts, addressing varying social issues that make theory development challenging. Suggestions are put forward to help scholars and practitioners overcome these challenges, including creativity in methodology, collaborations in program assessment, and the need for patience required of fields focusing on social and behavioral change.