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Martin Buchheit

Apollo 13 was initially looking like it would be the smoothest flight ever. After the explosion of an oxygen tank, however, the astronauts were close to spending the rest of their lives in rotation around the planet. This well-known incident is used to further discuss the link, or lack thereof, between sport-science research and current field practices. There is a feeling that the academic culture and its publishing requirements have created a bit of an Apollo 13–like orbiting world (eg, journals and conferences) that is mostly disconnected from the reality of elite performance. The author discusses how poor research discredits our profession and provides some examples from the field where the research does not apply. In fact, the reality is that sport scientists often do not have the right answers. Some perspectives to improve translation are finally discussed, including a rethink of the overall publishing process: promotion of relevant submission types (eg, short-paper format, short reports, as provided by IJSPP), improvement of the review process (faster turnaround, reviewers identified to increase accountability, and, in turn, review quality), and media types (eg, free downloads, simplified versions published in coaching journals, book chapters, infographics, dissemination via social media). When it comes to guiding practitioners and athletes, instead of using an evidence-based approach, we should rather promote an “evidence-led” or “informed-practice” approach—one that appreciates context over simple scientific conclusions.

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Nisha Botchwey, Myron F. Floyd, Keshia Pollack Porter, Carmen L. Cutter, Chad Spoon, Tom L. Schmid, Terry L. Conway, J. Aaron Hipp, Anna J. Kim, M. Renee Umstattd Meyer, Amanda L. Walker, Tina J. Kauh, and Jim F. Sallis

PARC was determined. The planning process selected high-priority research questions and developed a youth PA research agenda. From this agenda, each RT selected 1 high-priority question and then designed a study to address that question. The authors collectively designed this multistep process to

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Andrea Torres, Bethany Tennant, Isabela Ribeiro-Lucas, Alison Vaux-Bjerke, Katrina Piercy, and Bonny Bloodgood

prevent duplication of effort and promote efficient time and resource management. The resulting methodology included a 6-step systematic process (Figure  1 ) used to identify, summarize, evaluate, and translate evidence to answer research questions. The subcommittees presented the status of its work at 5

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Tammy Sheehy, Sam Zizzi, Kristen Dieffenbach, and Lee-Ann Sharp

-performance coaches who are currently working or have recently worked with an SPC to enhance their performance. The broad research question for this study was, What are high-performance coaches’ experiences of working with an SPC for development of their own performance? Subquestions under this broad umbrella are

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Nancy Getchell, Nadja Schott, and Ali Brian

in a group of children of different ages. Developmental research requires an embedded measure of change in motor behavior within research questions, designs, methodologies, and interpretations. In this paper, we first discuss the creation of meaningful developmental questions, followed by the

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Diane M. Culver, Majidullah Shaikh, Danielle Alexander, and Karine Fournier

the meanings and interpretations people derive from their experiences ( Varpio et al., 2020 ). The authors followed Arksey and O’Malley’s ( 2005 ) five-step framework for scoping reviews, which included: (a) identifying the research question, (b) identifying relevant records, (c) records selection, (d

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Israel Halperin, Andrew D. Vigotsky, Carl Foster, and David B. Pyne

research question) according to their findings in an attempt to present the results as positive (also known as HARKing [Hypothesizing After the Results are Known]). 40 Collectively, positive publication bias hinders scientific progress and worthwhile outcomes for the general community. 33 , 39 There are a

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Jane A. Kent and Kate L. Hayes

biology, and physiology, pursuing research questions alongside exercise physiologists. At the physiological level, imaging techniques, including magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy (MRS), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), and positron emission tomography (PET), have informed exercise

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Philip Furley, Fanny Thrien, Johannes Klinge, and Jannik Dörr

performance evaluations as possible, it is not clear if surf judges would also be influenced by claims in their performance evaluations. Therefore, Experiment 2 tested the same research question with a slightly modified experimental setup and a different participant population (i.e., surf judges). Experiment

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Steven M. Hirsch, Christopher J. Chapman, David M. Frost, and Tyson A.C. Beach

expressing NJM-ML as a ratio with mass × height or mass × leg length, all 3 assumptions tested were satisfied and thus either could be used when ratio-scaled normalization of the NJM-ML is required to address a given research question. Specifically, the regression line between mass × height or mass × leg