This experiment was designed to examine the effects of resistance exercise on a manipulated preexercise mood. Participants were 40 undergraduate males who were randomly assigned to either resistance exercise or no-exercise, placebo activity. Prior to each session, participants were exposed to 1 of 3 mood inductions: positive, negative, or neutral, each of which was induced through the use of guided imagery. Resistance exercisers in the control condition reported increased anxiety and anger within 5 nun postexercise. This quickly dissipated, with anxiety falling below baseline values within 30 min postexercise. Neither condition was able to maintain the manipulated positive mood. Likewise, both conditions reduced the manipulated negative mood. However, the mood-enhancing effect of the placebo activity plateaued within 15 min. while the anxiolytic effect of exercise continued throughout recovery.
Yu-Kai Chang, I-Hua Chu, Feng-Tzu Chen and Chun-Chih Wang
The present research attempts to evaluate the dose-response relationship between acute resistance exercise and planning. Seventeen participants performed the Tower of London (TOL) in control condition and three different exercise intensity conditions (40%, 70%, and 100% 10-repetition maximal) in a counterbalanced order. The results revealed positive effects of an acute bout of resistance exercise on the TOL. Specifically, a curvilinear trend was observed between exercise intensity and TOL scores that measured performances of “correct” and “move,” where moderate intensity demonstrated the most optimal performance compared with the other conditions. None of these differences were found in TOL scores that measure performances of “violation” and “planning speed.” These results suggest that acute moderate intensity resistance exercise could facilitate planning-related executive functions in middle-aged adults.
Guillaume Lamotte, Elizabeth Skender, Miriam R. Rafferty, Fabian J. David, Steve Sadowsky and Daniel M. Corcos
This paper reviews the therapeutically beneficial effects of progressive resistance exercise training (PRET) on motor and nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD).
First, we perform a systematic review of the literature on the effects of PRET on motor signs of PD, functional outcomes, quality of life, and patient perceived improvement, strength, and cognition in PD. Second, we perform a meta-analysis on the motor section of the UPDRS. Finally, we discuss the results of our review and we identify current knowledge gaps regarding PRET in PD.
This systematic review synthesizes evidence that PRET can improve strength and motor signs of Parkinsonism in PD and may also be beneficial for physical function in individuals with PD. Further research is needed to explore the effects of PRET on nonmotor symptoms such as depression, cognitive impairment, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, and quality of life in individuals with PD.
Stephen M. Cornish, Jeremie E. Chase, Eric M. Bugera and Gordon G. Giesbrecht
). The increase in myoglobin is generally correlated to exercise intensity and to increases in blood IL-6 ( Mendham, Donges, Liberts, & Duffield, 2011 ). In well-trained individuals, an acute bout of resistance exercise—that is, high volume (8 sets × 10 reps at 70% 1-repetition maximum [1RM])—results in
Manoel E. Lixandrão, Hamilton Roschel, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Maira Miquelini, Ieda F. Alvarez and Cleiton Augusto Libardi
The literature supports the contention that chronic periods of resistance exercise (RE) performed to muscular failure (ie, inability to complete a repetition in a full range of motion) promotes muscle mass accrual, despite the exercise intensity utilized. 1 – 4 In fact, it has been demonstrated
Chun-Chih Wang, Brandon Alderman, Chih-Han Wu, Lin Chi, Su-Ru Chen, I-Hua Chu and Yu-Kai Chang
al., 2012 ). Fortunately, several recent studies have begun to focus on other modes of exercise, including resistance exercise ( Chang, Tsai, et al., 2014 ; Tsai et al., 2014 ; Weinberg, Hasni, Shinohara, & Duarte, 2014 ). Chang and Etnier ( 2009a ) found that acute resistance exercise resulted in
Austin T. Robinson, Adriana Mazzuco, Ahmad S. Sabbahi, Audrey Borghi-Silva and Shane A. Phillips
physiological improvements associated with resistance exercise training, such as lean muscle mass accretion, while acutely improving perceived energy, concentration, strength, and power ( Kedia et al., 2014 ; Ormsbee et al., 2012 ; Outlaw et al., 2014 ). Regarding the cardiovascular (CV) health effects of
Sanaz Nosrat, James W. Whitworth, Nicholas J. SantaBarbara, Shira I. Dunsiger and Joseph T. Ciccolo
threshold), and mostly negative in the severe domain of intensity (i.e., above the ventilatory threshold; Ekkekakis, 2009 ). Unlike numerous aerobic exercise studies, there are only a few resistance exercise studies with healthy active adults that have tested the acute psychological response to exercise
Ben M. Krings, Brandon D. Shepherd, Hunter S. Waldman, Matthew J. McAllister and JohnEric W. Smith
al., 2010 ; Rollo et al., 2010 ; Whitham & McKinney, 2007 ), high-intensity exercise ( Beaven et al., 2013 ; Dorling & Earnest, 2013 ; Krings et al., 2017 ), and resistance exercise (RE; Bastos-Silva et al., 2019 ; Decimoni et al., 2018 ). Although research supports the efficacy of CMR during
Vandre C. Figueiredo, Michelle M. Farnfield, Megan L.R. Ross, Petra Gran, Shona L. Halson, Jonathan M. Peake, David Cameron-Smith and James F. Markworth
Resistance exercise is a potent stimulus for muscle protein turnover, enhancing rates of both protein synthesis and degradation ( Koopman et al., 2007 ; Wolfe, 2006 ). The beneficial action of nutrient provision is well established to amplify the anabolic response to resistance exercise