resistance training on elderly, diabetic, and obese individuals is well documented in the literature ( Park et al., 2010 ). The resistance exercise (RE) may be also considered an effective primary and secondary prevention strategy for people who suffer from higher cholesterol levels ( Wulsin, Horn, Perry
Antonio W.S. Maciel, Leandro M. Pinto, Roberta C.A. Campos, Andressa C. Ferreira, Carlos A.A. Dias-Filho, Carlos J.M. Dias, Flávio de Oliveira Pires, Christiano B. Urtado, Bruno Rodrigues, and Cristiano Teixeira Mostarda
John B. Bartholomew
This experiment was designed to examine the effects of resistance exercise on a manipulated preexercise mood. Participants were 40 undergraduate males who were randomly assigned to either resistance exercise or no-exercise, placebo activity. Prior to each session, participants were exposed to 1 of 3 mood inductions: positive, negative, or neutral, each of which was induced through the use of guided imagery. Resistance exercisers in the control condition reported increased anxiety and anger within 5 nun postexercise. This quickly dissipated, with anxiety falling below baseline values within 30 min postexercise. Neither condition was able to maintain the manipulated positive mood. Likewise, both conditions reduced the manipulated negative mood. However, the mood-enhancing effect of the placebo activity plateaued within 15 min. while the anxiolytic effect of exercise continued throughout recovery.
Yu-Kai Chang, I-Hua Chu, Feng-Tzu Chen, and Chun-Chih Wang
The present research attempts to evaluate the dose-response relationship between acute resistance exercise and planning. Seventeen participants performed the Tower of London (TOL) in control condition and three different exercise intensity conditions (40%, 70%, and 100% 10-repetition maximal) in a counterbalanced order. The results revealed positive effects of an acute bout of resistance exercise on the TOL. Specifically, a curvilinear trend was observed between exercise intensity and TOL scores that measured performances of “correct” and “move,” where moderate intensity demonstrated the most optimal performance compared with the other conditions. None of these differences were found in TOL scores that measure performances of “violation” and “planning speed.” These results suggest that acute moderate intensity resistance exercise could facilitate planning-related executive functions in middle-aged adults.
Guillaume Lamotte, Elizabeth Skender, Miriam R. Rafferty, Fabian J. David, Steve Sadowsky, and Daniel M. Corcos
This paper reviews the therapeutically beneficial effects of progressive resistance exercise training (PRET) on motor and nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD).
First, we perform a systematic review of the literature on the effects of PRET on motor signs of PD, functional outcomes, quality of life, and patient perceived improvement, strength, and cognition in PD. Second, we perform a meta-analysis on the motor section of the UPDRS. Finally, we discuss the results of our review and we identify current knowledge gaps regarding PRET in PD.
This systematic review synthesizes evidence that PRET can improve strength and motor signs of Parkinsonism in PD and may also be beneficial for physical function in individuals with PD. Further research is needed to explore the effects of PRET on nonmotor symptoms such as depression, cognitive impairment, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, and quality of life in individuals with PD.
Clementine Grandou, Lee Wallace, Aaron J. Coutts, Lee Bell, and Franco M. Impellizzeri
). It has previously been established that considerable variability exists in the way that individuals respond to resistance-exercise stress. 6 Contextual factors and nontraining stressors, such as environmental, physical and/or emotional stressors, including insufficient calorie intake, pressure to
Stephen M. Cornish, Jeremie E. Chase, Eric M. Bugera, and Gordon G. Giesbrecht
). The increase in myoglobin is generally correlated to exercise intensity and to increases in blood IL-6 ( Mendham, Donges, Liberts, & Duffield, 2011 ). In well-trained individuals, an acute bout of resistance exercise—that is, high volume (8 sets × 10 reps at 70% 1-repetition maximum [1RM])—results in
Manoel E. Lixandrão, Hamilton Roschel, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Maira Miquelini, Ieda F. Alvarez, and Cleiton Augusto Libardi
The literature supports the contention that chronic periods of resistance exercise (RE) performed to muscular failure (ie, inability to complete a repetition in a full range of motion) promotes muscle mass accrual, despite the exercise intensity utilized. 1 – 4 In fact, it has been demonstrated
Kieran J. Marston, Belinda M. Brown, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Sabine Bird, Linda K. Wijaya, Shaun Y. M. Teo, Ralph N. Martins, and Jeremiah J. Peiffer
to cognitive health. The literature exploring the growth factor responses to acute aerobic exercise shows some consistency ( Knaepen, Goekint, Heyman, & Meeusen, 2010 ); however, the impact of acute resistance exercise (i.e., lifting weights) on growth factors is inconsistent ( Church et al., 2016
Yuta Sekine and Norikazu Hirose
Resistance exercise is an effective method for young athletes to improve their performance because it possesses the potential to enhance their muscle strength and motor skills ( 15 , 23 ). Participation in various strength and conditioning programs for young athletes, which are adjusted based on
Chun-Chih Wang, Brandon Alderman, Chih-Han Wu, Lin Chi, Su-Ru Chen, I-Hua Chu, and Yu-Kai Chang
al., 2012 ). Fortunately, several recent studies have begun to focus on other modes of exercise, including resistance exercise ( Chang, Tsai, et al., 2014 ; Tsai et al., 2014 ; Weinberg, Hasni, Shinohara, & Duarte, 2014 ). Chang and Etnier ( 2009a ) found that acute resistance exercise resulted in