resistance training on elderly, diabetic, and obese individuals is well documented in the literature ( Park et al., 2010 ). The resistance exercise (RE) may be also considered an effective primary and secondary prevention strategy for people who suffer from higher cholesterol levels ( Wulsin, Horn, Perry
Acute Effects of Resistance Exercise With Blood Flow Restriction in Elderly Women: A Pilot Study
Antonio W.S. Maciel, Leandro M. Pinto, Roberta C.A. Campos, Andressa C. Ferreira, Carlos A.A. Dias-Filho, Carlos J.M. Dias, Flávio de Oliveira Pires, Christiano B. Urtado, Bruno Rodrigues, and Cristiano Teixeira Mostarda
Dose-Response Effect of Acute Resistance Exercise on Tower of London in Middle-Aged Adults
Yu-Kai Chang, I-Hua Chu, Feng-Tzu Chen, and Chun-Chih Wang
The present research attempts to evaluate the dose-response relationship between acute resistance exercise and planning. Seventeen participants performed the Tower of London (TOL) in control condition and three different exercise intensity conditions (40%, 70%, and 100% 10-repetition maximal) in a counterbalanced order. The results revealed positive effects of an acute bout of resistance exercise on the TOL. Specifically, a curvilinear trend was observed between exercise intensity and TOL scores that measured performances of “correct” and “move,” where moderate intensity demonstrated the most optimal performance compared with the other conditions. None of these differences were found in TOL scores that measure performances of “violation” and “planning speed.” These results suggest that acute moderate intensity resistance exercise could facilitate planning-related executive functions in middle-aged adults.
The Effect of Resistance Exercise on Manipulated Preexercise Mood States for Male Exercisers
John B. Bartholomew
This experiment was designed to examine the effects of resistance exercise on a manipulated preexercise mood. Participants were 40 undergraduate males who were randomly assigned to either resistance exercise or no-exercise, placebo activity. Prior to each session, participants were exposed to 1 of 3 mood inductions: positive, negative, or neutral, each of which was induced through the use of guided imagery. Resistance exercisers in the control condition reported increased anxiety and anger within 5 nun postexercise. This quickly dissipated, with anxiety falling below baseline values within 30 min postexercise. Neither condition was able to maintain the manipulated positive mood. Likewise, both conditions reduced the manipulated negative mood. However, the mood-enhancing effect of the placebo activity plateaued within 15 min. while the anxiolytic effect of exercise continued throughout recovery.
Effects of Progressive Resistance Exercise Training on the Motor and Nonmotor Features of Parkinson's Disease: A Review
Guillaume Lamotte, Elizabeth Skender, Miriam R. Rafferty, Fabian J. David, Steve Sadowsky, and Daniel M. Corcos
This paper reviews the therapeutically beneficial effects of progressive resistance exercise training (PRET) on motor and nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD).
First, we perform a systematic review of the literature on the effects of PRET on motor signs of PD, functional outcomes, quality of life, and patient perceived improvement, strength, and cognition in PD. Second, we perform a meta-analysis on the motor section of the UPDRS. Finally, we discuss the results of our review and we identify current knowledge gaps regarding PRET in PD.
This systematic review synthesizes evidence that PRET can improve strength and motor signs of Parkinsonism in PD and may also be beneficial for physical function in individuals with PD. Further research is needed to explore the effects of PRET on nonmotor symptoms such as depression, cognitive impairment, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, and quality of life in individuals with PD.
The Effects of High-Load Slow-Velocity Resistance Exercise Training in Athletes With Tendinopathy: A Critically Appraised Topic
J. David Taylor, Annemieke Corbitt, and Ruth Ann Mathis
, decreased muscle performance, loss of physical function, and inability to participate in sports. 3 Standard interventions for treating patients with tendinopathy include corticosteroid injection, biophysical modalities, oral anti-inflammatory and pain medications, surgery, and resistance exercise training
Symptoms of Overtraining in Resistance Exercise: International Cross-Sectional Survey
Clementine Grandou, Lee Wallace, Aaron J. Coutts, Lee Bell, and Franco M. Impellizzeri
). It has previously been established that considerable variability exists in the way that individuals respond to resistance-exercise stress. 6 Contextual factors and nontraining stressors, such as environmental, physical and/or emotional stressors, including insufficient calorie intake, pressure to
Starving Your Performance? Reduced Preexercise Hunger Increases Resistance Exercise Performance
Mohamed Nashrudin Naharudin, Ashril Yusof, David J. Clayton, and Lewis J. James
carbohydrate/kg body mass increased subsequent resistance exercise performance compared with no breakfast, 3 which may be due to the lethargy induced by a novel fasting stimulus. 4 Interestingly, a subsequent follow-up study showed that this effect was unlikely due to the carbohydrate content of the meal, as
Systemic IL-6 and Myoglobin Response to Three Different Resistance Exercise Intensities in Older Men
Stephen M. Cornish, Jeremie E. Chase, Eric M. Bugera, and Gordon G. Giesbrecht
). The increase in myoglobin is generally correlated to exercise intensity and to increases in blood IL-6 ( Mendham, Donges, Liberts, & Duffield, 2011 ). In well-trained individuals, an acute bout of resistance exercise—that is, high volume (8 sets × 10 reps at 70% 1-repetition maximum [1RM])—results in
Acute Blood Pressure Response to High- and Moderate-Speed Resistance Exercise in Older Adults With Hypertension
Carlos Leonardo Figueiredo Machado, Régis Radaelli, Clarissa Muller Brusco, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Eurico N. Wilhelm, and Ronei Silveira Pinto
& Fielding, 2012 ). Thus, high-speed resistance exercise (HSRE; fast velocity muscle actions) and moderate-speed resistance exercise (MSRE; moderate velocity muscle actions) have been recommended for older individuals due to the associated benefits to the neuromuscular system and functional performance
Blood-Flow Restriction Resistance Exercise Promotes Lower Pain and Ratings of Perceived Exertion Compared With Either High- or Low-Intensity Resistance Exercise Performed to Muscular Failure
Manoel E. Lixandrão, Hamilton Roschel, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Maira Miquelini, Ieda F. Alvarez, and Cleiton Augusto Libardi
The literature supports the contention that chronic periods of resistance exercise (RE) performed to muscular failure (ie, inability to complete a repetition in a full range of motion) promotes muscle mass accrual, despite the exercise intensity utilized. 1 – 4 In fact, it has been demonstrated