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Lynn L. Ridinger, Kyungun R. Kim, Stacy Warner and Jacob K. Tingle

). The successful development of any organization or industry is dependent upon the recruitment, retention, and development of key personnel ( Barr & Hums, 2012 ; Chelladurai, 2014 ). In the sport industry, referees play a key role in the workforce, and it is important to understand the factors

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Thomas J. Templin, Kim C. Graber and K. Andrew R. Richards

profession in decades. In this final monograph chapter, the authors consider the current state of recruitment and retention in PETE programs in light of the results reported in the preceding chapters, and in relation to occupational socialization theory. Lessons Learned About Recruiting and Retaining PETE

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Ben D. Kern, Suzan F. Ayers, Chad M. Killian and Amelia Mays Woods

, 2015 ). With these factors in mind, student retention can be viewed as an extension of the recruitment process ( Bulger, Jones, Taliaferro, & Wayda, 2015 ) as PETE programs prepare students to realize their original visions of themselves as professionals and help see them through the licensure process

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Duane Knudson, Ting Liu, Dan Schmidt and Heather Van Mullem

learning about the service and department culture expectations. In the past, these conflicting pressures were exacerbated by a lack of guidance, unclear expectations, or maybe exploitation from some senior department faculty who expect new faulty to “pay their dues and earn retention and promotion” like

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K. Andrew R. Richards and Kim C. Graber

focus on PETE student retention parallels that occurring in higher education more generally as colleges and universities have become increasingly concerned about student matriculation while reducing time to degree completion ( Moxley, Najor-Durack, & Dumbrigue, 2001 ). Licensure and certification

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K. Andrew R. Richards and Thomas J. Templin

agree alongside Ward (2018) in noting that declining enrollment is a complex, nuanced issue that needs to be addressed through scholarly inquiry. While several theoretical frameworks seem appropriate for studying recruitment and retention (e.g.,  Guarino, Santibañez, & Daley, 2006 ), one helpful

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Liam Sayer, Nidia Rodriguez-Sanchez, Paola Rodriguez-Giustiniani, Christopher Irwin, Danielle McCartney, Gregory R. Cox, Stuart D.R. Galloway and Ben Desbrow

to euhydration ( Mitchell et al., 1994 ; Robertson, 1974 ). Hence, there is considerable scientific interest in understanding factors that enhance fluid retention and assist with rehydration after exercise. When consumed without food and matched for volume, nutrient-dense beverages (e.g., milk and

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Eric D.B. Goulet, Adrien De La Flore, Félix A. Savoie and Jonathan Gosselin

, minimize urine production, optimize fluid retention, markedly increase plasma volume, and produce no or relatively insignificant side effects ( Goulet, 2009 , 2010 ). Posthyperhydration fluid retention and plasma volume augmentation have been shown to be significantly greater with salt

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Cassio M. Meira Jr and Jeffrey T. Fairbrother

of augmented feedback in the form of knowledge of results (KR). It was expected that the task-orientation group would show superior learning compared to the ego-orientation group during retention and transfer. Experiment 2 compared task- and ego-orientation groups that either did or did not receive

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Heather Anne Hayes, Nikelle Hunsaker, Sydney Y. Schaefer, Barry Shultz, Thomas Schenkenberg, Lara A. Boyd, Andrea T. White, Kenneth B. Foreman, Philip Dyer, Rebecca Maletsky and Leland E. Dibble

Deficits in sequence-specific learning (SSL) may be a product of Parkinson’s disease (PD) but this deficit could also be related to dopamine replacement. The purpose of this study was to determine whether dopamine replacement affected acquisition and retention of a standing Continuous Tracking Task in individuals with PD. SSL (difference between random/repeated Root Mean Square Error across trials) was calculated over 2 days of practice and 1 day of retention for 4 groups; 10 healthy young (HY), 10 healthy elders, 10 individuals with PD on, 9 individuals with PD off their usual dosage of dopamine replacement. Improvements in acquisition were observed for all groups; however, only the HY demonstrated retention. Therefore, age appeared to have the largest effect on SSL with no significant effect of medication. Additional research is needed to understand the influence of factors such as practice amount, task difficulty, and dopamine replacement status on SSL deficits during postural tasks.