associated with low self-confidence, anxiety, depression, and substance abuse ( Blinde & Stratta, 1992 ; Papathomas & Lavallee, 2006 ; Sinclair & Orlick, 1993 ). Because retired athletes often experience reductions in their physical training and dysregulation in the quantity and quality of their eating
Stephanie L. Barrett and Trent A. Petrie
Anne Holding, Jo-Annie Fortin, Joëlle Carpentier, Nora Hope, and Richard Koestner
retirement may limit retired athletes’ behavioural involvement with the former sport, it does not preclude athletes continued psychological commitment to and identification with the former athletic career ( Lavallee, Gordon, & Grove, 1997 ). Retired athletes may still be cognitively engaged with the sport
Sophie Knights, Emma Sherry, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson, and Paul O’Halloran
transition among retired athletes from three Australian football codes: the Australian Football League (AFL), the National Rugby League (NRL), and A-League Soccer. Moreover, this study examined whether retired athletes were satisfied with the support they received from their respective clubs and leagues, as
Ida S. Svendsen, Espen Tønnesen, Leif Inge Tjelta, and Stein Ørn
athletes also placed significantly better in National Road Championships at age 18 compared with continental, club, and retired athletes (all P s< .01; Figure 3 ). There were no significant between-group differences for any of the other measured training variables. Table 2 presents physiological test
Hannah Cooper and Stacy Winter
Disordered eating is a psychological ailment that befalls many athletes and can persist into retirement. Links have been established between disordered eating and societal and sport-specific pressures; however, little research has focused on the perspective of retired athletes in a time-based sport. The purpose of the current research was to explore the conceptualization of disordered eating in relation to swimming participation, how retirement affects eating patterns, and ways to mitigate disordered eating. Following IPA methodological guidelines, a homogeneous sample of retired swimmers (N = 6) was chosen for semistructured, participant-driven interviews determined by scores on a disordered-eating questionnaire. Three superordinate themes were revealed: (1) pressures unique to swimming, (2) transition to eating pattern awareness, and (3) maintaining ideal eating patterns in retirement. The results revealed a combination of novel findings and expansion of previous data on disordered eating. Suggestions for applications of current findings and for future research are also discussed.
Samantha King, R. Scott Carey, Naila Jinnah, Rob Millington, Andrea Phillipson, Carolyn Prouse, and Matt Ventresca
This paper uses a genealogical approach to explore the conjuncture at which the longstanding but partial and uneasy silence surrounding painkiller use in the National Football League seems increasingly under threat. We historicize and problematize apparently self-evident narratives about painkiller use in contemporary football by interrogating the gendered, racialized and labor-related discourses surrounding Brett Favre’s 1996 admission of a dependency on Vicodin, as well as the latest rash of confessions of misuse by now retired athletes. We argue that these coconstructed and coconstructing moments of noise and silence are part of the same discursive system. This system serves to structure the emerging preoccupation with painkillers in the NFL, with Favre’s admission still working to placate anxieties surrounding the broader drug problems endemic to the league, and failing to disrupt our implicit knowingness about painkiller use, thus reinforcing ongoing cultures of silence and toughness in professional football.
Suzanne A. Nasco and William M. Webb
The link between a strong identification with the athletic self-concept and well-being, commitment, and effort in athletes has been established in numerous research projects. However, current measures of athletic identity do not specifically acknowledge the public and private aspects of the athlete role and their differential influence on behavior. The goal of the present project was to create a short, psychometrically sound scale that measured these dimensions. Our scale (Public-Private Athletic Identity Scale; PPAIS) was validated using over 1,000 nonathletes, recreational athletes, current collegiate athletes, and retired athletes. We used exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis to establish the structure of the scale and examined validity by comparing and contrasting the PPAIS with other existing athletic identity measures. Regressions also were used to show that the PPAIS enhances prediction of behavioral measures over other identity scales.
Nicholas L. Parsons and Michael J. Stern
The purpose of this paper is to determine how the collective memory of a baseball player’s contributions to his sport changes posthumously. We seek to examine if levels of veneration accorded to an athlete depend on whether he is alive or deceased, the timing of his death, and type of death he experienced. Building upon theories of cultural valorization, we propose that collective efforts to remember retired athletes are greater if those athletes have passed on. More explicitly, we argue that a player’s death supplements his lifetime achievements in posthumous efforts to construct and maintain his memory. We analyze the history of voting conducted by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA) on players eligible for induction into the National Baseball Hall of Fame. The results suggest that a variety of performance and recognition measures affect the amount of votes a player receives. As predicted, dying and age of death exert a powerful influence on votes received toward entry into the National Baseball Hall of Fame. However, when hitters and pitchers are analyzed separately, we find partial support for our propositions.
Gretchen Kerr, Erin Willson, and Ashley Stirling
retired athletes (retired within the past 10 years) reporting at least one form of emotionally harmful behavior ( Kerr et al., 2019 ). When asked about experiences of emotionally harmful practices on a repeated basis, 17% of current athletes and 23% of retired athletes reported these experiences. These
Claire-Marie Roberts and Jacky Forsyth
The inaugural Women in Sport and Exercise Conference was held at Staffordshire University on June 13–14, and brought together a number of academics, clinicians, practitioners, sport leaders, policymakers and administrators, charities, current and retired athletes, and the general public for a