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Sophie Knights, Emma Sherry, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson, and Paul O’Halloran

Transition out of professional sport into retirement has been a topic of considerable research in recent years ( Alfermann, Stambulova, & Zemaityte, 2004 ; Torregrosa, Ramis, Pallarés, Azócar, & Selva, 2015 ). It is a given that throughout our lives we transition from one phase or stage to the

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Devajyoti Deka

2022 ( Toossi, 2013 ). Many are of the opinion that the increase in labor force participation among older adults is the result of a generational depletion of retirement savings, from the prebaby boom generation to the older baby boom generation to the younger baby boom generation ( DeVaney & Chiremba

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Joshua R. Jackson, Emily J. Dirks, and Andrew C. Billings

his final retirement to examine the identity assigned to him by the press. After reviewing prior research on athletes and mental health, the history of mental health diagnoses, social identity theory (SIT), the hero identity placed on some athletes, framing theory, and its application to athlete

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Amy Cox and Ryan E. Rhodes

). Research clearly documents that the onset of parenthood is associated with significant declines in physical activity (PA) for adults ( Lee et al., 2018 ); however, other life transitions, such as launching adult children (referred to in popular culture as the “empty nest”) and retirement, may reduce

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Rajni Rai, Michelle I. Jongenelis, Ben Jackson, Robert U. Newton, and Simone Pettigrew

adults fail to meet the recommended levels ( Hallal et al., 2012 ). In Australia, the context of this study, almost two thirds (65%) of older adults do not engage in sufficient levels of physical activity ( Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2015 ). Retirement is a life transition that can bring about both

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Michelle Pannor Silver

retirement early in their lives due to injury or because they are deemed too old to compete ( Huxley, O’Connor, & Healey, 2013 ; Lavallee, Gordon, & Grove, 1997 ). In both cases, but particularly for those who have sustained injuries, retired athletes are forced to adapt from the experience of inhabiting

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Kylie Roberts, Kiersten Kuhlman, Megan Byrd, and Tamerah Hunt

motivation in the athlete’s respected sport but can often lead to limited exploration of alternate self-roles outside of athletics. 2 According to Wylleman et al, 3 approximately 45% of athletes do not consider their life and role after retirement and have a low-quality adaptation to life following the

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Victoria S. Davila, David E. Conroy, and Margaret K. Danilovich

an intervention remains unclear ( Kwasnicka et al., 2016 ; McAuley et al., 2003 ). One main weakness in the current evidence is the fairly narrow focus on individual characteristics of older adults to the neglect of other social–ecological influences on their behavior, particularly in retirement

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Stephanie L. Barrett and Trent A. Petrie

). For athletes who have foreclosed on their identity while active competitors, or have sustained a high level of this identity as they transition out of sport, retirement can be particularly difficult ( Buckley, Hall, Lassemillante, Ackerman, & Belski, 2019 ; Pearson & Petitpas, 1990 ) and be

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Nina Vansweevelt, Filip Boen, Jannique van Uffelen, and Jan Seghers

The transition from work to retirement has a large impact on people’s lives in several ways: income acquisition mostly decreases, occupational social contacts diminish while contact with friends and family might increase, the continuity of one’s social identity might be challenged, and so forth. 1