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Sophie Knights, Emma Sherry, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson, and Paul O’Halloran

Transition out of professional sport into retirement has been a topic of considerable research in recent years ( Alfermann, Stambulova, & Zemaityte, 2004 ; Torregrosa, Ramis, Pallarés, Azócar, & Selva, 2015 ). It is a given that throughout our lives we transition from one phase or stage to the

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Devajyoti Deka

2022 ( Toossi, 2013 ). Many are of the opinion that the increase in labor force participation among older adults is the result of a generational depletion of retirement savings, from the prebaby boom generation to the older baby boom generation to the younger baby boom generation ( DeVaney & Chiremba

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Rajni Rai, Michelle I. Jongenelis, Ben Jackson, Robert U. Newton, and Simone Pettigrew

adults fail to meet the recommended levels ( Hallal et al., 2012 ). In Australia, the context of this study, almost two thirds (65%) of older adults do not engage in sufficient levels of physical activity ( Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2015 ). Retirement is a life transition that can bring about both

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Michelle Pannor Silver

retirement early in their lives due to injury or because they are deemed too old to compete ( Huxley, O’Connor, & Healey, 2013 ; Lavallee, Gordon, & Grove, 1997 ). In both cases, but particularly for those who have sustained injuries, retired athletes are forced to adapt from the experience of inhabiting

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Victoria S. Davila, David E. Conroy, and Margaret K. Danilovich

an intervention remains unclear ( Kwasnicka et al., 2016 ; McAuley et al., 2003 ). One main weakness in the current evidence is the fairly narrow focus on individual characteristics of older adults to the neglect of other social–ecological influences on their behavior, particularly in retirement

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Stephanie L. Barrett and Trent A. Petrie

). For athletes who have foreclosed on their identity while active competitors, or have sustained a high level of this identity as they transition out of sport, retirement can be particularly difficult ( Buckley, Hall, Lassemillante, Ackerman, & Belski, 2019 ; Pearson & Petitpas, 1990 ) and be

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Shani Pitcho-Prelorentzos and Michal Mahat-Shamir

Professional athletes are prone to sustaining serious sport-related injuries due to the massive pressure to succeed, sometimes regardless of the costs, which may lead in some cases to career termination ( Cavallerio, Wadey, & Wagstaff, 2016 ; Jones, Griffiths, & Mellalieu, 2017 ). Retirement from

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Garry D. Wheeler, Laurie A. Malone, Sandy VanVlack, Ewen R. Nelson, and Robert D. Steadward

We examined the transition experiences and adjustment to retirement among 18 athletes with disabilities. Adopting a grounded theory approach, we interviewed athletes using a semistructured format based on Schlossberg’s (1981, 1984) transition model. Three basic questions were asked regarding the competitive period, events surrounding the retirement decision, and adjustment to retirement. Data were analyzed by an iterative process and a model was developed. Sport was a highly valued part of the lives of athletes; personal commitment to sport was evident and often taken to extremes including overtraining and ignoring medical advice. Transition from sport was an emotional experience for athletes, and difficulties were associated with voluntary versus involuntary retirement and readiness or lack of readiness for retirement. Coping with retirement appeared to be facilitated by readiness and having other job and family interests outside of sport. Many athletes expressed concern regarding chronic injuries and aging with a disability. We suggest that the Schlossberg model is a useful framework for examining athlete transition and adjustment to retirement.

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Katie R. Hosteng, Jacob E. Simmering, Linnea A. Polgreen, James F. Cremer, Alberto M. Segre, Shelby L. Francis, Kara M. Whitaker, Philip M. Polgreen, and Lucas J. Carr

activity including access to convenient and enjoyable activities and receipt of social and environmental supports for physical activity. 8 – 10 With a growing number of older adults living in continuing care retirement communities (CCRCs), and evidence suggesting multilevel interventions are more effective

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Anne Holding, Jo-Annie Fortin, Joëlle Carpentier, Nora Hope, and Richard Koestner

retirement, whereas athletes retiring for controlled reasons are likely to encounter difficulties distancing themselves from their athletic career and adjust poorly to retirement. While career termination is a normative and inevitable transition for athletes, it can be met with mixed adjustment outcomes such