Transition out of professional sport into retirement has been a topic of considerable research in recent years ( Alfermann, Stambulova, & Zemaityte, 2004 ; Torregrosa, Ramis, Pallarés, Azócar, & Selva, 2015 ). It is a given that throughout our lives we transition from one phase or stage to the
Sophie Knights, Emma Sherry, Mandy Ruddock-Hudson, and Paul O’Halloran
2022 ( Toossi, 2013 ). Many are of the opinion that the increase in labor force participation among older adults is the result of a generational depletion of retirement savings, from the prebaby boom generation to the older baby boom generation to the younger baby boom generation ( DeVaney & Chiremba
Rajni Rai, Michelle I. Jongenelis, Ben Jackson, Robert U. Newton, and Simone Pettigrew
adults fail to meet the recommended levels ( Hallal et al., 2012 ). In Australia, the context of this study, almost two thirds (65%) of older adults do not engage in sufficient levels of physical activity ( Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2015 ). Retirement is a life transition that can bring about both
Michelle Pannor Silver
retirement early in their lives due to injury or because they are deemed too old to compete ( Huxley, O’Connor, & Healey, 2013 ; Lavallee, Gordon, & Grove, 1997 ). In both cases, but particularly for those who have sustained injuries, retired athletes are forced to adapt from the experience of inhabiting
Stephanie L. Barrett and Trent A. Petrie
). For athletes who have foreclosed on their identity while active competitors, or have sustained a high level of this identity as they transition out of sport, retirement can be particularly difficult ( Buckley, Hall, Lassemillante, Ackerman, & Belski, 2019 ; Pearson & Petitpas, 1990 ) and be
Shani Pitcho-Prelorentzos and Michal Mahat-Shamir
Professional athletes are prone to sustaining serious sport-related injuries due to the massive pressure to succeed, sometimes regardless of the costs, which may lead in some cases to career termination ( Cavallerio, Wadey, & Wagstaff, 2016 ; Jones, Griffiths, & Mellalieu, 2017 ). Retirement from
Garry D. Wheeler, Laurie A. Malone, Sandy VanVlack, Ewen R. Nelson, and Robert D. Steadward
We examined the transition experiences and adjustment to retirement among 18 athletes with disabilities. Adopting a grounded theory approach, we interviewed athletes using a semistructured format based on Schlossberg’s (1981, 1984) transition model. Three basic questions were asked regarding the competitive period, events surrounding the retirement decision, and adjustment to retirement. Data were analyzed by an iterative process and a model was developed. Sport was a highly valued part of the lives of athletes; personal commitment to sport was evident and often taken to extremes including overtraining and ignoring medical advice. Transition from sport was an emotional experience for athletes, and difficulties were associated with voluntary versus involuntary retirement and readiness or lack of readiness for retirement. Coping with retirement appeared to be facilitated by readiness and having other job and family interests outside of sport. Many athletes expressed concern regarding chronic injuries and aging with a disability. We suggest that the Schlossberg model is a useful framework for examining athlete transition and adjustment to retirement.
Anne Holding, Jo-Annie Fortin, Joëlle Carpentier, Nora Hope, and Richard Koestner
retirement, whereas athletes retiring for controlled reasons are likely to encounter difficulties distancing themselves from their athletic career and adjust poorly to retirement. While career termination is a normative and inevitable transition for athletes, it can be met with mixed adjustment outcomes such
Annie Holt, Andy H. Lee, Jonine Jancey, Deborah Kerr, and Peter Howat
This study investigated physical activity (PA) facilities of retirement villages (RVs) and neighborhood PA barriers identified by RV residents in Perth, Australia.
An environmental audit of PA facilities was undertaken on 50 RV with 50+ independent living units, using the Audit of Physical Activity Resources for Seniors. Telephone interviews with 200 RV residents were conducted to identify neighborhood barriers to walking, and to obtain information on utilization of facilities and attendance of PA programs.
Larger size RV appeared to provide significantly more PA facilities and programs. Utilization of PA facilities and program attendance were low (≈ 50%) and not associated with the RV environment (size, age, and facilities). Neighborhood barriers to walking were unsafe streets and hills.
RV offers an attractive residential option with facilities that support active aging, but it is important to understand the barriers and enablers to use such facilities and attend programs offered.
participation. Figure 1 A study framework. Materials and Methods Study Design and Sample Frame The current study employed a secondary data analysis using data sampled from the Health and Retirement Study 2014–2015 in the United States. The study sample was composed of 10,700 individuals, with ages ranging