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Jorg Teichmann, Kim Hébert-Losier, Rachel Tan, Han Wei Lem, Shabana Khanum, Ananthi Subramaniam, Wee-Kian Yeo, Dietmar Schmidtbleicher, and Christopher M. Beaven

Return-to-sport decisions are an important component of sports medicine practice and both researchers and clinicians have attempted to develop evidence-based models to facilitate positive outcomes. 1 , 2 However, the effectiveness of current rehabilitation and return-to-sport practices should be

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Christie Powell, Jody Jensen, and Samantha Johnson

return-to-sport following injury is vital to future sport participation and injury prevention. Emery’s 6 literature review on sport-related injury concluded that injury prevention in youth sport is becoming a public health priority. Early specialization along with poor management of sport participation

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Kathryn R. Glaws, Thomas J. Ellis, Timothy E. Hewett, and Stephanie Di Stasi

pain who are unable to participate in sports and have failed conservative treatment. 1 , 4 , 6 Reported return to sport (RTS) rates after hip arthroscopy are relatively high 1 , 4 , 6 ; however, rates vary greatly in the literature, and much of the literature focuses on RTS rates of professional

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Damien Murphy, Quinette A. Louw, Colum Moloney, Dominique Leibbrandt, and Amanda M. Clifford

procedure and clinical outcomes improve following rehabilitation, athletes often fail to achieve optimal functional recovery, 3 and up to 30% of reconstructed athletes sustain a second ACL rupture within 2 years of return to sport. 4 Single-leg hop tests are the gold standard for measuring functional

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Jay R. Ebert, Kate E. Webster, Peter K. Edwards, Brendan K. Joss, Peter D’Alessandro, Greg Janes, and Peter Annear

return to sport (RTS). 4 , 5 Traditionally, a bone–patellar tendon–bone (BPTB) graft has been the preferred method of ACLR, 6 though systematic reviews over the past 10–15 years have demonstrated the lack of superiority of BPTB over hamstring autografts, 7 with less postoperative complications

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Erik A. Wikstrom, Cole Mueller, and Mary Spencer Cain

perceived as an innocuous injury but failure to complete supervised rehabilitation likely increases the risk of reinjury and facilitates development of long-term residual symptoms. Within sporting populations, LAS patients often receive care but an emphasis on rapid return to sport (RTS) exists. For example

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Leslie Podlog and Robert C. Eklund


It is argued in self-determination theory that the motivation underlying behavior has implications for health and well-being independent of the behavior itself.


To examine associations between athlete motivations for returning to sport after injury and perceived psychological return-to-sport outcomes.


A correlational survey design was employed to obtain data in Canada, Australia, and England.


Elite and subelite athletes (N = 180) with injuries requiring a minimum 2-month absence from sport participation.

Main Outcome Measures:

Participants completed an inventory measuring perceptions of motivation to return to sport from a serious injury and psychological return-to-sport outcomes.


Correlational analyses revealed that intrinsic motivations for returning to competition were associated with a positive renewed perspective on sport participation. Conversely, extrinsic motivations for returning to sport were associated with increased worry and concern.


The motivation underlying return to sport might play an important role in return-to-sport perceptions among elite and subelite athletes.

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Peter Francis, Cassie Oddy, and Mark I. Johnson

In a 27-year-old female triathlete, magnetic resonance imaging revealed mild thickening and edema at the calcaneal insertion of the plantar fascia, in keeping with a degree of plantar fasciitis. After 6 weeks of conservative treatment failed to elicit a return to sport, the patient engaged in six sessions of barefoot running (15–30 min) on a soft grass surface, without further conservative treatment. After two sessions of barefoot running, the patient was asymptomatic before, during, and after running. This outcome was maintained at the 6-week follow-up period. This is the first case report to use barefoot running as a treatment strategy for chronic heel pain. Barefoot running has the potential to reduce the load on the plantar fascia and warrants further investigation using a case series.

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Sandra J. Shultz and Randy J. Schmitz

, Gribble, & Pietrosimone, 2014 ). Those who do return to sport are 2–4 times more likely than adolescent males or older age groups to suffer a second ACL injury ( McCarthy, Mallett, Abola, Vassallo, & Nguyen, 2017 ; Schilaty et al., 2017 ; Snaebjornsson et al., 2017 ) and subsequently suffer poorer

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Corbin A. Hedt, S. Brett Holland, Bradley S. Lambert, Joshua D. Harris, and Patrick C. McCulloch

differences in practice patterns can include individual treatment or intervention selection and therapist–patient interactions. 7 , 8 Therefore, physical therapist experience levels may play a vital role in how the rehabilitation process is conducted, which may influence clinical outcomes and return to sport